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Let us change our traditional attitude to the construction of programs: Instead of imagining that our main task is to instruct a computer what to do, let us concentrate rather on explaining to human beings what we want a computer to do. — Donald Knuth

1. Introduction

Customising an editor can be very rewarding … until you have to leave it. For years I have been looking for ways to avoid this pain. Then I discovered vim-anywhere, and found that it had an Emacs companion, emacs-anywhere. To me, this looked most attractive.

Separately, online I have seen the following statement enough times I think it’s a catchphrase

Redditor 1: I just discovered this thing, isn’t it cool.
Redditor 2: Oh, there’s an Emacs mode for that.

This was enough for me to install Emacs, but I soon learned there are far more compelling reasons to keep using it.

I tried out the spacemacs distribution a bit, but it wasn’t quite to my liking. Then I heard about doom emacs and thought I may as well give that a try. TLDR; it’s great.

Now I’ve discovered the wonders of literate programming, and am becoming more settled by the day. This is both my config, and a cautionary tale (just replace “Linux” with “Emacs” in the comic below).


1.1. Why Emacs?

Emacs is not a text editor, this is a common misnomer. It is far more apt to describe Emacs as a Lisp machine providing a generic user-centric text manipulation environment. That’s quite a mouthful. In simpler terms one can think of Emacs as a platform for text-related applications. It’s a vague and generic definition because Emacs itself is generic.

Good with text. How far does that go? A lot further than one initially thinks:

Ideally, one may use Emacs as the interface to perform input โ†’ transform โ†’ output cycles, i.e. form a bridge between the human mind and information manipulation.

1.1.1. The enveloping editor

Emacs allows one to do more in one place than any other application. Why is this good?

  • Enables one to complete tasks with a consistent, standard set of keybindings, GUI and editing methods — learn once, use everywhere
  • Reduced context-switching
  • Compressing the stages of a project — a more centralised workflow can progress with greater ease
  • Integration between tasks previously relegated to different applications, but with a common subject — e.g. linking to an email in a to-do list

Emacs can be thought of as a platform within which various elements of your workflow may settle, with the potential for rich integrations between them — a life IDE if you will.

Today, many aspects of daily computer usage are split between different applications which act like islands, but this often doesn’t mirror how we actually use our computers. Emacs, if one goes down the rabbit hole, can give users the power to bridge this gap.

Graph of possible Emacs task integrations
Figure 1: Some sample workflow integrations that can be used within Emacs

1.1.2. Some notably unique features

  • Recursive editing
  • Completely introspectable, with pervasive docstrings
  • Mutable environment, which can be incrementally modified
  • Functionality without applications
  • Client-server separation allows for a daemon, giving near-instant perceived startup time.

1.1.3. Issues

  • Emacs has irritating quirks
  • Some aspects are showing their age (naming conventions, APIs)
  • Emacs is (mostly) single-threaded, meaning that when something holds that thread up the whole application freezes
  • A few other nuisances

1.1.4. Teach a man to fish…

Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime. — Anne Isabella

Most popular editors have a simple and pretty settings interface, filled with check-boxes, selects, and the occasional text-box. This makes it easy for the user to pick between common desirable behaviours. To me this is now like giving a man a fish.

What if you want one of those ’check-box’ settings to be only on in certain conditions? Some editors have workspace settings, but that requires you to manually set the value for every single instance. Urgh, what a pain.

What if you could set the value of that ’check-box’ setting to be the result of an arbitrary expression evaluated for each file? This is where an editor like Emacs comes in. Configuration for Emacs isn’t a list of settings in JSON etc. it’s an executable program which modifies the behaviour of the editor to suit your liking. This is ’teaching a man to fish’.

Emacs is built in the same language you configure it in (Emacs Lisp, or elisp). It comes with a broad array of useful functions for text-editing, and Doom adds a few handy little convenience functions.

Want to add a keybinding to delete the previous line? It’s as easy as

Keybinding to delete the previous lineEmacs Lisp
(map! "C-d"
      (cmd! (previous-line)

How about another example, say you want to be presented with a list of currently open buffers (think files, almost) when you split the window. It’s as simple as

Prompt for buffer after splitEmacs Lisp
(defadvice! prompt-for-buffer (&rest _)
  :after 'window-split (switch-to-buffer))

Want to test it out? You don’t need to save and restart, you can just evaluate the expression within your current Emacs instance and try it immediately! This editor is, after all, a Lisp interpreter.

Want to tweak the behaviour? Just re-evaluate your new version — it’s a super-tight iteration loop.

1.2. Editor comparison

Real Programmers

Over the years I have tried out (spent at least a year using as my primary editor) the following applications

  • Python IDLE
  • Komodo Edit
  • Brackets
  • VSCode
  • and now, Emacs

I have attempted to quantify aspects of my impressions of them below.

Editor Extensibility Ecosystem Ease of Use Comfort Completion Performance
IDLE 1 1 3 1 1 2
VSCode 3 3 4 3.5 4 3
Brackets 2.5 2 3 3 2.5 2
Emacs 4 4 2 4 3.5 3
Komodo Edit 2 1 3 2 2 2
Radar chart comparing my thoughts on a few editors.

1.3. Notes for the unwary adventurer

If you like the look of this, that’s marvellous, and I’m really happy that I’ve made something which you may find interesting, however:

This config is insidious. Copying the whole thing blindly can easily lead to undesired effects. I recommend copying chunks instead.

If you are so bold as to wish to steal bits of my config (or if I upgrade and wonder why things aren’t working), here’s a list of sections which rely on external setup (i.e. outside of this config).

I’ve downloaded a custom SCOWL dictionary, which I use in ispell. If this causes issues, just delete the (setq ispell-dictionary ...) bit.

Oh, did I mention that I started this config when I didn’t know any elisp, and this whole thing is a hack job? If you can suggest any improvements, please do so, no matter how much criticism you include I’ll appreciate it :)

Code Quality

1.3.1. Extra Requirements

The lovely doom doctor is good at diagnosing most missing things, but here are a few extras.

  • A LaTeX Compiler is required for the mathematics rendering performed in Org, and by CalcTeX.
  • I use the Overpass font as a go-to sans serif. It’s used as my doom-variable-pitch-font and in the graph generated by Roam. I have chosen it because it possesses a few characteristics I consider desirable, namely:
    • A clean, and legible style. Highway-style fonts tend to be designed to be clear at a glance, and work well with a thicker weight, and this is inspired by Highway Gothic.
    • It’s slightly quirky. Look at the diagonal cut on stems for example. Helvetica is a masterful design, but I like a bit more pizzazz now and then.
  • A few LSP servers. Take a look at init.el to see which modules have the +lsp flag.

1.4. Current Issues

1.4.1. Magit push in daemon

Quite often trying to push to a remote in the Emacs daemon produces as error like this:

128 git … push -v origin refs/heads/master\:refs/heads/master
Pushing to

fatal: Could not read from remote repository.

Please make sure you have the correct access rights
and the repository exists.

1.4.2. Unread emails doesn’t work across Emacs instances

It would be nice if it did, so that I could have the Emacs-daemon hold the active mu4e session, but still get that information. In this case I’d want to change the action to open the Emacs daemon, but it should be possible.

This would probably involve hooking into the daemon’s modeline update function to write to a temporary file, and having a file watcher started in other Emacs instances, in a similar manner to Rebuild mail index while using mu4e.

2. Rudimentary configuration

Make this file run (slightly) faster with lexical binding (see this blog post for more info).

Emacs Lisp
;;; config.el -*- lexical-binding: t; -*-

2.1. Personal Information

It’s useful to have some basic personal information

Emacs Lisp
(setq user-full-name "TEC"
      user-mail-address "")

Apparently this is used by GPG, and all sorts of other things.

Speaking of GPG, I want to use ~/.authinfo.gpg instead of the default in ~/.emacs.d. Why? Because my home directory is already cluttered, so this won’t make a difference, and I don’t want to accidentally purge this file (I have done . I also want to cache as much as possible, as my home machine is pretty safe, and my laptop is shutdown a lot.

Emacs Lisp
(setq auth-sources '("~/.authinfo.gpg")
      auth-source-cache-expiry nil) ; default is 7200 (2h)

2.2. Better defaults

2.2.1. Simple settings

Browsing the web and seeing angrybacon/dotemacs and comparing with the values shown by SPC h v and selecting what I thought looks good, I’ve ended up adding the following:

Emacs Lisp
 delete-by-moving-to-trash t                      ; Delete files to trash
 window-combination-resize t                      ; take new window space from all other windows (not just current)
 x-stretch-cursor t)                              ; Stretch cursor to the glyph width

(setq undo-limit 80000000                         ; Raise undo-limit to 80Mb
      evil-want-fine-undo t                       ; By default while in insert all changes are one big blob. Be more granular
      auto-save-default t                         ; Nobody likes to loose work, I certainly don't
      truncate-string-ellipsis "…"                ; Unicode ellispis are nicer than "...", and also save /precious/ space
      password-cache-expiry nil                   ; I can trust my computers ... can't I?
      ;; scroll-preserve-screen-position 'always     ; Don't have `point' jump around
      scroll-margin 2)                            ; It's nice to maintain a little margin

(display-time-mode 1)                             ; Enable time in the mode-line

(unless (string-match-p "^Power N/A" (battery))   ; On laptops...
  (display-battery-mode 1))                       ; it's nice to know how much power you have

(global-subword-mode 1)                           ; Iterate through CamelCase words

2.2.2. Frame sizing

It’s nice to control the size of new frames, when launching Emacs that can be done with . After the font size adjustment during initialisation this works out to be 102x31.

Thanks to hotkeys, it’s easy for me to expand a frame to half/full-screen, so it makes sense to be conservative with the sizing of new frames.

Then, for creating new frames within the same Emacs instance, we’ll just set the default to be something roughly 80% of that size.

Emacs Lisp
(add-to-list 'default-frame-alist '(height . 24))
(add-to-list 'default-frame-alist '(width . 80))

2.2.3. Auto-customisations

By default changes made via a customisation interface are added to init.el. I prefer the idea of using a separate file for this. We just need to change a setting, and load it if it exists.

Emacs Lisp
(setq-default custom-file (expand-file-name ".custom.el" doom-private-dir))
(when (file-exists-p custom-file)
  (load custom-file))

2.2.4. Windows

I find it rather handy to be asked which buffer I want to see after splitting the window. Let’s make that happen.

First, we’ll enter the new window

Emacs Lisp
(setq evil-vsplit-window-right t
      evil-split-window-below t)

Then, we’ll pull up a buffer prompt.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! prompt-for-buffer (&rest _)
  :after '(evil-window-split evil-window-vsplit)

Window rotation is nice, and can be found under SPC w r and SPC w R. Layout rotation is also nice though. Let’s stash this under SPC w SPC, inspired by Tmux’s use of C-b SPC to rotate windows.

We could also do with adding the missing arrow-key variants of the window navigation/swapping commands.

Emacs Lisp
(map! :map evil-window-map
      "SPC" #'rotate-layout
      ;; Navigation
      "<left>"     #'evil-window-left
      "<down>"     #'evil-window-down
      "<up>"       #'evil-window-up
      "<right>"    #'evil-window-right
      ;; Swapping windows
      "C-<left>"       #'+evil/window-move-left
      "C-<down>"       #'+evil/window-move-down
      "C-<up>"         #'+evil/window-move-up
      "C-<right>"      #'+evil/window-move-right)

2.2.5. Buffer defaults

I’d much rather have my new buffers in org-mode than fundamental-mode, hence

Emacs Lisp
;; (setq-default major-mode 'org-mode)

For some reason this + the mixed pitch hook causes issues with hydra and so I’ll just need to resort to SPC b o for now.

2.3. Doom configuration

2.3.1. Modules

Doom has this lovely modular configuration base that takes a lot of work out of configuring Emacs. Each module (when enabled) can provide a list of packages to install (on doom sync) and configuration to be applied. The modules can also have flags applied to tweak their behaviour.

init.elEmacs Lisp
;;; init.el -*- lexical-binding: t; -*-

;; This file controls what Doom modules are enabled and what order they load in.
;; Press 'K' on a module to view its documentation, and 'gd' to browse its directory.

(doom! :completion











       ) Structure

As you may have noticed by this point, this is a literate configuration. Doom has good support for this which we access though the literate module.

While we’re in the :config section, we’ll use Dooms nicer defaults, along with the bindings and smartparens behaviour (the flags aren’t documented, but they exist).

doom-configEmacs Lisp
(default +bindings +smartparens) Interface

There’s a lot that can be done to enhance Emacs’ capabilities. I reckon enabling half the modules Doom provides should do it.

doom-completionEmacs Lisp
(company                     ; the ultimate code completion backend
 +childframe)                ; ... when your children are better than you
;;helm                       ; the *other* search engine for love and life
;;ido                        ; the other *other* search engine...
;; (ivy                      ; a search engine for love and life
;;  +icons                   ; ... icons are nice
;;  +prescient)              ; ... I know what I want(ed)
(vertico +icons)             ; the search engine of the future
doom-uiEmacs Lisp
;;deft                       ; notational velocity for Emacs
doom                         ; what makes DOOM look the way it does
doom-dashboard               ; a nifty splash screen for Emacs
doom-quit                    ; DOOM quit-message prompts when you quit Emacs
(emoji +unicode)             ; 🙂
;;fill-column                ; a `fill-column' indicator
hl-todo                      ; highlight TODO/FIXME/NOTE/DEPRECATED/HACK/REVIEW
;;hydra                      ; quick documentation for related commands
;;indent-guides              ; highlighted indent columns, notoriously slow
(ligatures +extra)           ; ligatures and symbols to make your code pretty again
;;minimap                    ; show a map of the code on the side
modeline                     ; snazzy, Atom-inspired modeline, plus API
nav-flash                    ; blink the current line after jumping
;;neotree                    ; a project drawer, like NERDTree for vim
ophints                      ; highlight the region an operation acts on
(popup                       ; tame sudden yet inevitable temporary windows
 +all                        ; catch all popups that start with an asterix
 +defaults)                  ; default popup rules
;;(tabs                      ; an tab bar for Emacs
;;  +centaur-tabs)           ; ... with prettier tabs
treemacs                     ; a project drawer, like neotree but cooler
;;unicode                    ; extended unicode support for various languages
vc-gutter                    ; vcs diff in the fringe
vi-tilde-fringe              ; fringe tildes to mark beyond EOB
(window-select +numbers)     ; visually switch windows
workspaces                   ; tab emulation, persistence & separate workspaces
zen                          ; distraction-free coding or writing
doom-editorEmacs Lisp
(evil +everywhere)           ; come to the dark side, we have cookies
file-templates               ; auto-snippets for empty files
fold                         ; (nigh) universal code folding
(format)                     ; automated prettiness
;;god                        ; run Emacs commands without modifier keys
;;lispy                      ; vim for lisp, for people who don't like vim
multiple-cursors             ; editing in many places at once
;;objed                      ; text object editing for the innocent
;;parinfer                   ; turn lisp into python, sort of
rotate-text                  ; cycle region at point between text candidates
snippets                     ; my elves. They type so I don't have to
;;word-wrap                  ; soft wrapping with language-aware indent
doom-emacsEmacs Lisp
(dired +icons)               ; making dired pretty [functional]
electric                     ; smarter, keyword-based electric-indent
(ibuffer +icons)             ; interactive buffer management
undo                         ; persistent, smarter undo for your inevitable mistakes
vc                           ; version-control and Emacs, sitting in a tree
doom-termEmacs Lisp
;;eshell                     ; the elisp shell that works everywhere
;;shell                      ; simple shell REPL for Emacs
;;term                       ; basic terminal emulator for Emacs
vterm                        ; the best terminal emulation in Emacs
doom-checkersEmacs Lisp
syntax                       ; tasing you for every semicolon you forget
(:if (executable-find "aspell") spell) ; tasing you for misspelling mispelling
grammar                      ; tasing grammar mistake every you make
doom-toolsEmacs Lisp
ansible                      ; a crucible for infrastructure as code
;;debugger                   ; FIXME stepping through code, to help you add bugs
;;direnv                     ; be direct about your environment
docker                       ; port everything to containers
;;editorconfig               ; let someone else argue about tabs vs spaces
;;ein                        ; tame Jupyter notebooks with emacs
(eval +overlay)              ; run code, run (also, repls)
;;gist                       ; interacting with github gists
(lookup                      ; helps you navigate your code and documentation
 +dictionary                 ; dictionary/thesaurus is nice
 +docsets)                   ; ...or in Dash docsets locally
lsp                          ; Language Server Protocol
;;macos                      ; MacOS-specific commands
(magit                       ; a git porcelain for Emacs
 +forge)                     ; interface with git forges
make                         ; run make tasks from Emacs
;;pass                       ; password manager for nerds
pdf                          ; pdf enhancements
;;prodigy                    ; FIXME managing external services & code builders
rgb                          ; creating color strings
;;taskrunner                 ; taskrunner for all your projects
;;terraform                  ; infrastructure as code
;;tmux                       ; an API for interacting with tmux
upload                       ; map local to remote projects via ssh/ftp
doom-osEmacs Lisp
tty                          ; improve the terminal Emacs experience Language support

We can be rather liberal with enabling support for languages as the associated packages/configuration are (usually) only loaded when first opening an associated file.

doom-langEmacs Lisp
;;agda                       ; types of types of types of types...
;;beancount                  ; mind the GAAP
;;cc                         ; C/C++/Obj-C madness
;;clojure                    ; java with a lisp
;;common-lisp                ; if you've seen one lisp, you've seen them all
;;coq                        ; proofs-as-programs
;;crystal                    ; ruby at the speed of c
;;csharp                     ; unity, .NET, and mono shenanigans
data                         ; config/data formats
;;(dart +flutter)            ; paint ui and not much else
;;dhall                      ; JSON with FP sprinkles
;;elixir                     ; erlang done right
;;elm                        ; care for a cup of TEA?
emacs-lisp                   ; drown in parentheses
;;erlang                     ; an elegant language for a more civilized age
ess                          ; emacs speaks statistics
;;faust                      ; dsp, but you get to keep your soul
;;fsharp                     ; ML stands for Microsoft's Language
;;fstar                      ; (dependent) types and (monadic) effects and Z3
;;gdscript                   ; the language you waited for
;;(go +lsp)                  ; the hipster dialect
;;(haskell +lsp)             ; a language that's lazier than I am
;;hy                         ; readability of scheme w/ speed of python
;;idris                      ;
json                         ; At least it ain't XML
;;(java +meghanada)          ; the poster child for carpal tunnel syndrome
(javascript +lsp)            ; all(hope(abandon(ye(who(enter(here))))))
(julia +lsp)                 ; Python, R, and MATLAB in a blender
;;kotlin                     ; a better, slicker Java(Script)
(latex                       ; writing papers in Emacs has never been so fun
 +latexmk                    ; what else would you use?
 +cdlatex                    ; quick maths symbols
 +fold)                      ; fold the clutter away nicities
;;lean                       ; proof that mathematicians need help
;;factor                     ; for when scripts are stacked against you
;;ledger                     ; an accounting system in Emacs
lua                          ; one-based indices? one-based indices
markdown                     ; writing docs for people to ignore
;;nim                        ; python + lisp at the speed of c
;;nix                        ; I hereby declare "nix geht mehr!"
;;ocaml                      ; an objective camel
(org                         ; organize your plain life in plain text
 +pretty                     ; yessss my pretties! (nice unicode symbols)
 +dragndrop                  ; drag & drop files/images into org buffers
 ;;+hugo                     ; use Emacs for hugo blogging
 +noter                      ; enhanced PDF notetaking
 +jupyter                    ; ipython/jupyter support for babel
 +pandoc                     ; export-with-pandoc support
 +gnuplot                    ; who doesn't like pretty pictures
 ;;+pomodoro                 ; be fruitful with the tomato technique
 +present                    ; using org-mode for presentations
 +roam2)                     ; wander around notes
;;php                        ; perl's insecure younger brother
;;plantuml                   ; diagrams for confusing people more
;;purescript                 ; javascript, but functional
(python +lsp +pyright)       ; beautiful is better than ugly
;;qt                         ; the 'cutest' gui framework ever
;;racket                     ; a DSL for DSLs
;;raku                       ; the artist formerly known as perl6
;;rest                       ; Emacs as a REST client
;;rst                        ; ReST in peace
;;(ruby +rails)              ; 1.step {|i| p "Ruby is #{i.even? ? 'love' : 'life'}"}
(rust +lsp)                  ; Fe2O3.unwrap().unwrap().unwrap().unwrap()
;;scala                      ; java, but good
scheme                       ; a fully conniving family of lisps
sh                           ; she sells {ba,z,fi}sh shells on the C xor
;;sml                        ; no, the /other/ ML
;;solidity                   ; do you need a blockchain? No.
;;swift                      ; who asked for emoji variables?
;;terra                      ; Earth and Moon in alignment for performance.
web                          ; the tubes
yaml                         ; JSON, but readable
;;zig                        ; C, but simpler Everything in Emacs

It’s just too convenient being able to have everything in Emacs. I couldn’t resist the Email and Feed modules.

doom-emailEmacs Lisp
(:if (executable-find "mu") (mu4e +org +gmail))
;;(wanderlust +gmail)
doom-appEmacs Lisp
;;calendar                   ; A dated approach to timetabling
;;emms                       ; Multimedia in Emacs is music to my ears
everywhere                   ; *leave* Emacs!? You must be joking.
irc                          ; how neckbeards socialize
(rss +org)                   ; emacs as an RSS reader
;;twitter                    ; twitter client

2.3.2. Visual Settings Font Face

’Fira Code’ is nice, and ’Overpass’ makes for a nice sans companion. We just need to fiddle with the font sizes a tad so that they visually match. Just for fun I’m trying out JetBrains Mono though. So far I have mixed feelings on it, some aspects are nice, but on others I prefer Fira.

Emacs Lisp
(setq doom-font (font-spec :family "JetBrains Mono" :size 24)
      doom-big-font (font-spec :family "JetBrains Mono" :size 36)
      doom-variable-pitch-font (font-spec :family "Overpass" :size 24)
      doom-unicode-font (font-spec :family "JuliaMono")
      doom-serif-font (font-spec :family "IBM Plex Mono" :weight 'light))
Screenshot of the fonts within Emacs.

In addition to these fonts, Merriweather is used with nov.el, and Alegreya as a serifed proportional font used by mixed-pitch-mode for writeroom-mode with Org files.

Because we care about how things look let’s add a check to make sure we’re told if the system doesn’t have any of those fonts.

detect-missing-fontsEmacs Lisp
(defvar required-fonts '("JetBrainsMono.*" "Overpass" "JuliaMono" "IBM Plex Mono" "Merriweather" "Alegreya"))

(defvar available-fonts
  (delete-dups (or (font-family-list)
                   (split-string (shell-command-to-string "fc-list : family")

(defvar missing-fonts
  (delq nil (mapcar
             (lambda (font)
               (unless (delq nil (mapcar (lambda (f)
                                           (string-match-p (format "^%s$" font) f))

(if missing-fonts
     `(unless noninteractive
        (add-hook! 'doom-init-ui-hook
          (run-at-time nil nil
                       (lambda ()
                         (message "%s missing the following fonts: %s"
                                  (propertize "Warning!" 'face '(bold warning))
                                  (mapconcat (lambda (font)
                                               (propertize font 'face 'font-lock-variable-name-face))
                                             ", "))
                         (sleep-for 0.5))))))
  ";; No missing fonts detected")
Emacs Lisp

This way whenever fonts are missing, after Doom’s UI has initialised, a warning listing the missing fonts should appear for at least half a second. Theme and modeline

doom-one is nice and all, but I find the vibrant variant nicer. Oh, and with the nice selection doom provides there’s no reason for me to want the defaults.

Emacs Lisp
(setq doom-theme 'doom-vibrant)
(remove-hook 'window-setup-hook #'doom-init-theme-h)
(add-hook 'after-init-hook #'doom-init-theme-h 'append)
(delq! t custom-theme-load-path)

However, by default red text is used in the modeline, so let’s make that orange so I don’t feel like something’s gone wrong when editing files.

Emacs Lisp
  '(doom-modeline-buffer-modified :foreground "orange"))

While we’re modifying the modeline, LF UTF-8 is the default file encoding, and thus not worth noting in the modeline. So, let’s conditionally hide it.

Emacs Lisp
(defun doom-modeline-conditional-buffer-encoding ()
  "We expect the encoding to be LF UTF-8, so only show the modeline when this is not the case"
  (setq-local doom-modeline-buffer-encoding
              (unless (and (memq (plist-get (coding-system-plist buffer-file-coding-system) :category)
                                 '(coding-category-undecided coding-category-utf-8))
                           (not (memq (coding-system-eol-type buffer-file-coding-system) '(1 2))))

(add-hook 'after-change-major-mode-hook #'doom-modeline-conditional-buffer-encoding) Miscellaneous

Relative line numbers are fantastic for knowing how far away line numbers are, then ESC 12 <UP> gets you exactly where you think.

Emacs Lisp
(setq display-line-numbers-type 'relative)

I’d like some slightly nicer default buffer names

Emacs Lisp
(setq doom-fallback-buffer-name "► Doom"
      +doom-dashboard-name "► Doom")

2.3.3. Some helper macros

There are a few handy macros added by doom, namely

  • load! for loading external .el files relative to this one
  • use-package! for configuring packages
  • add-load-path! for adding directories to the load-path where Emacs looks when you load packages with require or use-package
  • map! for binding new keys

2.3.4. Allow babel execution in CLI actions

In this config I sometimes generate code to include in my config. This works nicely, but for it to work with doom sync et. al. I need to make sure that Org doesn’t try to confirm that I want to allow evaluation (I do!).

Thankfully Doom supports $DOOMDIR/cli.el file which is sourced every time a CLI command is run, so we can just enable evaluation by setting org-confirm-babel-evaluate to nil there. While we’re at it, we should silence org-babel-execute-src-block to avoid polluting the output.

Emacs Lisp
;;; cli.el -*- lexical-binding: t; -*-
(setq org-confirm-babel-evaluate nil)

(defun doom-shut-up-a (orig-fn &rest args)
  (quiet! (apply orig-fn args)))

(advice-add 'org-babel-execute-src-block :around #'doom-shut-up-a)

2.3.5. Elisp REPL

I think an elisp REPL sounds like a fun idea, even if not a particularly useful one ๐Ÿ˜›. We can do this by adding a new command in cli.el.

Emacs Lisp
(defcli! repl ((in-rlwrap-p ["--rl"] "For internal use only."))
  "Start an elisp REPL."
  (when (and (executable-find "rlwrap") (not in-rlwrap-p))
    ;; For autocomplete
    (setq autocomplete-file "/tmp/doom_elisp_repl_symbols")
    (unless (file-exists-p autocomplete-file)
      (princ "\e[0;33mInitialising autocomplete list...\e[0m\n")
        (cl-do-all-symbols (s)
          (let ((sym (symbol-name s)))
            (when (string-match-p "\\`[[:ascii:]][[:ascii:]]+\\'" sym)
              (insert sym "\n"))))
        (write-region nil nil autocomplete-file)))
    (princ "\e[F")
    (throw 'exit (list "rlwrap" "-f" autocomplete-file
                       (concat doom-emacs-dir "bin/doom") "repl" "--rl")))

  (require 'engrave-faces-ansi)
  (setq engrave-faces-ansi-color-mode '3-bit)

  ;; For some reason (require 'parent-mode) doesn't work :(
  (defun parent-mode-list (mode)
    "Return a list of MODE and all its parent modes.

The returned list starts with the parent-most mode and ends with MODE."
    (let ((result ()))
      (parent-mode--worker mode (lambda (mode)
                                  (push mode result)))
  (defun parent-mode--worker (mode func)
    "For MODE and all its parent modes, call FUNC.

FUNC is first called for MODE, then for its parent, then for the parent's
parent, and so on.

MODE shall be a symbol referring to a function.
FUNC shall be a function taking one argument."
    (funcall func mode)
    (when (not (fboundp mode))
      (signal 'void-function (list mode)))
    (let ((modefunc (symbol-function mode)))
      (if (symbolp modefunc)
          ;; Hande all the modes that use (defalias 'foo-parent-mode (stuff)) as
          ;; their parent
          (parent-mode--worker modefunc func)
        (let ((parentmode (get mode 'derived-mode-parent)))
          (when parentmode
            (parent-mode--worker parentmode func))))))
  (provide 'parent-mode)
  ;; Some extra highlighting (needs parent-mode)
  (require 'rainbow-delimiters)
  (require 'highlight-quoted)
  (require 'highlight-numbers)
  (setq emacs-lisp-mode-hook '(rainbow-delimiters-mode
  ;; Pretty print
  (defun pp-sexp (sexp)
      (cl-prettyprint sexp)
      (with-current-buffer (engrave-faces-ansi-buffer)
        (princ (string-trim (buffer-string)))
        (kill-buffer (current-buffer)))))
  ;; Now do the REPL
  (defvar accumulated-input nil)
  (while t
    (condition-case nil
        (let ((input (if accumulated-input
                         (read-string "\e[31m .\e[0m  ")
                       (read-string "\e[31mλ:\e[0m "))))
          (setq input (concat accumulated-input
                              (when accumulated-input "\n")
           ((string-match-p "\\`[[:space:]]*\\'" input)
           ((string= input "exit")
            (princ "\n") (kill-emacs 0))
            (condition-case err
                (let ((input-sexp (car (read-from-string input))))
                  (setq accumulated-input nil)
                  (pp-sexp (eval input-sexp))
                  (princ "\n"))
              ;; Caused when sexp in unbalanced
              (end-of-file (setq accumulated-input input))
               (cl-destructuring-bind (backtrace &optional type data . _)
                   (cons (doom-cli--backtrace) err)
                 (princ (concat "\e[1;31mERROR:\e[0m " (get type 'error-message)))
                 (princ "\n       ")
                 (pp-sexp (cons type data))
                 (when backtrace
                   (print! (bold "Backtrace:"))
                    (dolist (frame (seq-take backtrace 10))
                       "%0.74s" (replace-regexp-in-string
                                 "[\n\r]" "\\\\n"
                                 (format "%S" frame))))))
                 (princ "\n")))))))
      ;; C-d causes an end-of-file error
      (end-of-file (princ "exit\n") (kill-emacs 0)))
    (unless accumulated-input (princ "\n"))))

2.3.6. Asynchronous config tangling

Doom adds an org-mode hook +literate-enable-recompile-h. This is a nice idea, but it’s too blocking for my taste. Since I trust my tangling to be fairly straightforward, I’ll just redefine it to a simpler, async, function.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar +literate-tangle--proc nil)
(defvar +literate-tangle--proc-start-time nil)

(defadvice! +literate-tangle-async-h ()
  "A very simplified version of `+literate-tangle-h', but async."
  :override #'+literate-tangle-h
  (unless (getenv "__NOTANGLE")
    (let ((default-directory doom-private-dir))
      (when +literate-tangle--proc
        (message "Killing outdated tangle process...")
        (set-process-sentinel +literate-tangle--proc #'ignore)
        (kill-process +literate-tangle--proc)
        (sit-for 0.3)) ; ensure the message is seen for a bit
      (setq +literate-tangle--proc-start-time (float-time)
            (start-process "tangle-config"
                           (get-buffer-create " *tangle config*")
                           "emacs" "--batch" "--eval"
                           (format "(progn \
(require 'ox) \
(require 'ob-tangle) \
(setq org-confirm-babel-evaluate nil \
      org-inhibit-startup t \
      org-mode-hook nil \
      write-file-functions nil \
      before-save-hook nil \
      after-save-hook nil \
      vc-handled-backends nil \
      org-startup-folded nil \
      org-startup-indented nil) \
(org-babel-tangle-file \"%s\" \"%s\"))"
                                   (expand-file-name (concat doom-module-config-file ".el")))))
      (set-process-sentinel +literate-tangle--proc #'+literate-tangle--sentinel)
      (run-at-time nil nil (lambda () (message "Tangling"))) ; ensure shown after a save message

(defun +literate-tangle--sentinel (process signal)
   ((and (eq 'exit (process-status process))
         (= 0 (process-exit-status process)))
    (message "Tangled sucessfully (took %.1fs)"
             (- (float-time) +literate-tangle--proc-start-time))
    (setq +literate-tangle--proc nil))
   ((memq (process-status process) (list 'exit 'signal))
    (pop-to-buffer (get-buffer " *tangle config*"))
    (message "Failed to tangle (after %.1fs)"
             (- (float-time) +literate-tangle--proc-start-time))
    (setq +literate-tangle--proc nil))))

(defun +literate-tangle-check-finished ()
  (when (and (process-live-p +literate-tangle--proc)
             (yes-or-no-p "Config is currently retangling, would you please wait a few seconds?"))
    (switch-to-buffer " *tangle config*")
    (signal 'quit nil)))
(add-hook! 'kill-emacs-hook #'+literate-tangle-check-finished)

2.3.7. Htmlize command

Why not have a command to htmlize files? This is basically a little test of my engrave-faces package because it somehow seems to work without a GUI, while the htmlize package doesn’t.

Emacs Lisp
(defcli! htmlize (file)
  "Export a FILE buffer to HTML."

  (print! "Htmlizing %s" file)

  (require 'highlight-numbers)
  (require 'highlight-quoted)
  (require 'rainbow-delimiters)
  (require 'engrave-faces-html)

  ;; Lighten org-mode
  (when (string= "org" (file-name-extension file))
    (setcdr (assoc 'org after-load-alist) nil)
    (setq org-load-hook nil)
    (require 'org)
    (setq org-mode-hook nil)
    (add-hook 'engrave-faces-before-hook
              (lambda () (if (eq major-mode 'org-mode)

  (engrave-faces-html-file file))

2.3.8. Dashboard quick actions

When using the dashboard, there are often a small number of actions I will take. As the dashboard is it’s own major mode, there is no need to suffer the tyranny of unnecessary keystrokes — we can simply bind common actions to a single key!

Emacs Lisp
(defun +doom-dashboard-setup-modified-keymap ()
  (setq +doom-dashboard-mode-map (make-sparse-keymap))
  (map! :map +doom-dashboard-mode-map
        :desc "Find file" :ne "f" #'find-file
        :desc "Recent files" :ne "r" #'consult-recent-file
        :desc "Config dir" :ne "C" #'doom/open-private-config
        :desc "Open" :ne "c" (cmd! (find-file (expand-file-name "" doom-private-dir)))
        :desc "Open dotfile" :ne "." (cmd! (doom-project-find-file "~/.config/"))
        :desc "Notes (roam)" :ne "n" #'org-roam-node-find
        :desc "Switch buffer" :ne "b" #'+vertico/switch-workspace-buffer
        :desc "Switch buffers (all)" :ne "B" #'consult-buffer
        :desc "IBuffer" :ne "i" #'ibuffer
        :desc "Previous buffer" :ne "p" #'previous-buffer
        :desc "Set theme" :ne "t" #'consult-theme
        :desc "Quit" :ne "Q" #'save-buffers-kill-terminal
        :desc "Show keybindings" :ne "h" (cmd! (which-key-show-keymap '+doom-dashboard-mode-map))))

(add-transient-hook! #'+doom-dashboard-mode (+doom-dashboard-setup-modified-keymap))
(add-transient-hook! #'+doom-dashboard-mode :append (+doom-dashboard-setup-modified-keymap))
(add-hook! 'doom-init-ui-hook :append (+doom-dashboard-setup-modified-keymap))

Unfortunately the show keybindings help doesn’t currently work as intended, but this is still quite nice overall.

Now that the dashboard is so convenient, I’ll want to make it easier to get to.

Emacs Lisp
(map! :leader :desc "Dashboard" "d" #'+doom-dashboard/open)

2.4. Other things

2.4.1. Editor interaction Mouse buttons
Emacs Lisp
(map! :n [mouse-8] #'better-jumper-jump-backward
      :n [mouse-9] #'better-jumper-jump-forward)

2.4.2. Window title

I’d like to have just the buffer name, then if applicable the project folder

Emacs Lisp
(setq frame-title-format
         (if (s-contains-p org-roam-directory (or buffer-file-name ""))
              ".*/[0-9]*-?" "☰ "
              (subst-char-in-string ?_ ?  buffer-file-name))
         (let ((project-name (projectile-project-name)))
           (unless (string= "-" project-name)
             (format (if (buffer-modified-p)  " ◉ %s" "  ●  %s") project-name))))))

For example when I open my config file it the window will be titled โ— doom then as soon as I make a change it will become โ—‰ doom.

2.4.3. Splash screen

Emacs can render an image as the splash screen, and @MarioRicalde came up with a cracker! He’s also provided me with a nice Emacs-style E. I was using the blackhole image, but as I’ve stripped down the splash screen I’ve switched to just using the E.

Fancy Emacs "E"

Now we just make it theme-appropriate, and resize with the frame.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar fancy-splash-image-template
  (expand-file-name "misc/splash-images/emacs-e-template.svg" doom-private-dir)
  "Default template svg used for the splash image, with substitutions from ")

(defvar fancy-splash-sizes
  `((:height 300 :min-height 50 :padding (0 . 2))
    (:height 250 :min-height 42 :padding (2 . 4))
    (:height 200 :min-height 35 :padding (3 . 3))
    (:height 150 :min-height 28 :padding (3 . 3))
    (:height 100 :min-height 20 :padding (2 . 2))
    (:height 75  :min-height 15 :padding (2 . 1))
    (:height 50  :min-height 10 :padding (1 . 0))
    (:height 1   :min-height 0  :padding (0 . 0)))
  "list of plists with the following properties
  :height the height of the image
  :min-height minimum `frame-height' for image
  :padding `+doom-dashboard-banner-padding' (top . bottom) to apply
  :template non-default template file
  :file file to use instead of template")

(defvar fancy-splash-template-colours
  '(("$colour1" . keywords) ("$colour2" . type) ("$colour3" . base5) ("$colour4" . base8))
  "list of colour-replacement alists of the form (\"$placeholder\" . 'theme-colour) which applied the template")

(unless (file-exists-p (expand-file-name "theme-splashes" doom-cache-dir))
  (make-directory (expand-file-name "theme-splashes" doom-cache-dir) t))

(defun fancy-splash-filename (theme-name height)
  (expand-file-name (concat (file-name-as-directory "theme-splashes")
                            "-" (number-to-string height) ".svg")

(defun fancy-splash-clear-cache ()
  "Delete all cached fancy splash images"
  (delete-directory (expand-file-name "theme-splashes" doom-cache-dir) t)
  (message "Cache cleared!"))

(defun fancy-splash-generate-image (template height)
  "Read TEMPLATE and create an image if HEIGHT with colour substitutions as
   described by `fancy-splash-template-colours' for the current theme"
    (insert-file-contents template)
    (re-search-forward "$height" nil t)
    (replace-match (number-to-string height) nil nil)
    (dolist (substitution fancy-splash-template-colours)
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward (car substitution) nil t)
        (replace-match (doom-color (cdr substitution)) nil nil)))
    (write-region nil nil
                  (fancy-splash-filename (symbol-name doom-theme) height) nil nil)))

(defun fancy-splash-generate-images ()
  "Perform `fancy-splash-generate-image' in bulk"
  (dolist (size fancy-splash-sizes)
    (unless (plist-get size :file)
      (fancy-splash-generate-image (or (plist-get size :template)
                                   (plist-get size :height)))))

(defun ensure-theme-splash-images-exist (&optional height)
  (unless (file-exists-p (fancy-splash-filename
                          (symbol-name doom-theme)
                          (or height
                              (plist-get (car fancy-splash-sizes) :height))))

(defun get-appropriate-splash ()
  (let ((height (frame-height)))
    (cl-some (lambda (size) (when (>= height (plist-get size :min-height)) size))

(setq fancy-splash-last-size nil)
(setq fancy-splash-last-theme nil)
(defun set-appropriate-splash (&rest _)
  (let ((appropriate-image (get-appropriate-splash)))
    (unless (and (equal appropriate-image fancy-splash-last-size)
                 (equal doom-theme fancy-splash-last-theme)))
    (unless (plist-get appropriate-image :file)
      (ensure-theme-splash-images-exist (plist-get appropriate-image :height)))
    (setq fancy-splash-image
          (or (plist-get appropriate-image :file)
              (fancy-splash-filename (symbol-name doom-theme) (plist-get appropriate-image :height))))
    (setq +doom-dashboard-banner-padding (plist-get appropriate-image :padding))
    (setq fancy-splash-last-size appropriate-image)
    (setq fancy-splash-last-theme doom-theme)

(add-hook 'window-size-change-functions #'set-appropriate-splash)
(add-hook 'doom-load-theme-hook #'set-appropriate-splash)

Now the only thing missing is a an extra interesting line, whether that be some corporate BS, an developer excuse, or a fun (useless) fact.

The following is rather long, but it essentially

  • fetches a phrase from an API
  • inserts it into the dashboard (asynchronously)
  • moves point to the phrase
  • re-uses the last phrase for requests within a few seconds of it being fetched
Emacs Lisp
(defvar splash-phrase-source-folder
  (expand-file-name "misc/splash-phrases" doom-private-dir)
  "A folder of text files with a fun phrase on each line.")

(defvar splash-phrase-sources
  (let* ((files (directory-files splash-phrase-source-folder nil "\\.txt\\'"))
         (sets (delete-dups (mapcar
                             (lambda (file)
                               (replace-regexp-in-string "\\(?:-[0-9]+-\\w+\\)?\\.txt" "" file))
    (mapcar (lambda (sset)
              (cons sset
                    (delq nil (mapcar
                               (lambda (file)
                                 (when (string-match-p (regexp-quote sset) file)
  "A list of cons giving the phrase set name, and a list of files which contain phrase components.")

(defvar splash-phrase-set
  (nth (random (length splash-phrase-sources)) (mapcar #'car splash-phrase-sources))
  "The default phrase set. See `splash-phrase-sources'.")

(defun splase-phrase-set-random-set ()
  "Set a new random splash phrase set."
  (setq splash-phrase-set
        (nth (random (1- (length splash-phrase-sources)))
             (cl-set-difference (mapcar #'car splash-phrase-sources) (list splash-phrase-set))))
  (+doom-dashboard-reload t))

(defvar splase-phrase--cache nil)

(defun splash-phrase-get-from-file (file)
  "Fetch a random line from FILE."
  (let ((lines (or (cdr (assoc file splase-phrase--cache))
                   (cdar (push (cons file
                                       (insert-file-contents (expand-file-name file splash-phrase-source-folder))
                                       (split-string (string-trim (buffer-string)) "\n")))
    (nth (random (length lines)) lines)))

(defun splash-phrase (&optional set)
  "Construct a splash phrase from SET. See `splash-phrase-sources'."
   (cdr (assoc (or set splash-phrase-set) splash-phrase-sources))
   " "))

(defun doom-dashboard-phrase ()
  "Get a splash phrase, flow it over multiple lines as needed, and make fontify it."
   (lambda (line)
         (lambda (_) (+doom-dashboard-reload t))
         'face 'doom-dashboard-menu-title
         'mouse-face 'doom-dashboard-menu-title
         'help-echo "Random phrase"
         'follow-link t)
      (insert (splash-phrase))
      (setq fill-column (min 70 (/ (* 2 (window-width)) 3)))
      (fill-region (point-min) (point-max))

(defadvice! doom-dashboard-widget-loaded-with-phrase ()
  :override #'doom-dashboard-widget-loaded
  (setq line-spacing 0.2)
     (doom-display-benchmark-h 'return))
    'face 'doom-dashboard-loaded)

Lastly, the doom dashboard “useful commands” are no longer useful to me. So, we’ll disable them and then for a particularly clean look disable the modeline and hl-line-mode, then also hide the cursor.

Emacs Lisp
(remove-hook '+doom-dashboard-functions #'doom-dashboard-widget-shortmenu)
(add-hook! '+doom-dashboard-mode-hook (hide-mode-line-mode 1) (hl-line-mode -1))
(setq-hook! '+doom-dashboard-mode-hook evil-normal-state-cursor (list nil))

At the end, we have a minimal but rather nice splash screen.

The splash screen, just loaded.

I haven’t forgotten about the ASCII banner though! Once again we’re going for something simple.

Emacs Lisp
(defun doom-dashboard-draw-ascii-emacs-banner-fn ()
  (let* ((banner
            "|---'| | |,---||    `---."
            "`---'` ' '`---^`---'`---'"))
         (longest-line (apply #'max (mapcar #'length banner))))
     (dolist (line banner (point))
       (insert (+doom-dashboard--center
                 line (make-string (max 0 (- longest-line (length line)))
     'face 'doom-dashboard-banner)))

(unless (display-graphic-p) ; for some reason this messes up the graphical splash screen atm
  (setq +doom-dashboard-ascii-banner-fn #'doom-dashboard-draw-ascii-emacs-banner-fn))

2.4.4. Systemd daemon

For running a systemd service for a Emacs server I have the following

emacsclient servicesystemd
Description=Emacs server daemon
Documentation=info:emacs man:emacs(1)

ExecStart=sh -c 'emacs --daemon && emacsclient -c --eval "(delete-frame)"'
ExecStop=/usr/bin/emacsclient --no-wait --eval "(progn (setq kill-emacs-hook nil) (kill emacs))"


which is then enabled by

Shell Script
systemctl --user enable emacs.service

For some reason if a frame isn’t opened early in the initialisation process, the daemon doesn’t seem to like opening frames later — hence the && emacsclient part of the ExecStart value.

It can now be nice to use this as a ’default app’ for opening files. If we add an appropriate desktop entry, and enable it in the desktop environment.

Configuration File
[Desktop Entry]
Name=Emacs client
GenericName=Text Editor
Comment=A flexible platform for end-user applications
Exec=emacsclient -create-frame --alternate-editor="" --no-wait %F

When the daemon is running, I almost always want to do a few particular things with it, so I may as well eat the load time at startup. We also want to keep mu4e running.

It would be good to start the IRC client (circe) too, but that seems to have issues when started in a non-graphical session.

Lastly, while I’m not sure quite why it happens, but after a bit it seems that new Emacsclient frames start on the *scratch* buffer instead of the dashboard. I prefer the dashboard, so let’s ensure that’s always switched to in new frames.

daemon initialisationEmacs Lisp
(defun greedily-do-daemon-setup ()
  (require 'org)
  (when (require 'mu4e nil t)
    (setq mu4e-confirm-quit t)
    (setq +mu4e-lock-greedy t)
    (setq +mu4e-lock-relaxed t)
    (when (+mu4e-lock-available t)
  (when (require 'elfeed nil t)
    (run-at-time nil (* 8 60 60) #'elfeed-update)))

(when (daemonp)
  (add-hook 'emacs-startup-hook #'greedily-do-daemon-setup)
  (add-hook! 'server-after-make-frame-hook
    (unless (string-match-p "\\*draft\\|\\*stdin\\|emacs-everywhere" (buffer-name))
      (switch-to-buffer +doom-dashboard-name))))

2.4.5. Emacs client wrapper

I frequently want to make use of Emacs while in a terminal emulator. To make this easier, I can construct a few handy aliases.

However, a little convenience script in ~/.local/bin can have the same effect, be available beyond the specific shell I plop the alias in, then also allow me to add a few bells and whistles — namely:

  • Accepting stdin by putting it in a temporary file and immediately opening it.
  • Guessing that the tty is a good idea when $DISPLAY is unset (relevant with SSH sessions, among other things).
  • With a whiff of 24-bit color support, sets TERM variable to a terminfo that (probably) announces 24-bit color support.
  • Changes GUI emacsclient instances to be non-blocking by default (--no-wait), and instead take a flag to suppress this behaviour (-w).

I would use sh, but using arrays for argument manipulation is just too convenient, so I’ll raise the requirement to bash. Since arrays are the only ’extra’ compared to sh, other shells like ksh etc. should work too.

eShell Script
#!/usr/bin/env bash


while :; do
    case "$1" in
        -t | -nw | --tty)
            shift ;;
        -w | --wait)
            shift ;;
        -m | --mode)
            stdin_mode=" ($2-mode)"
            shift 2 ;;
        -h | --help)
            echo -e "\033[1mUsage: e [-t] [-m MODE] [OPTIONS] FILE [-]\033[0m

Emacs client convenience wrapper.

\033[0;34m-h, --help\033[0m            Show this message
\033[0;34m-t, -nw, --tty\033[0m        Force terminal mode
\033[0;34m-w, --wait\033[0m            Don't supply \033[0;34m--no-wait\033[0m to graphical emacsclient
\033[0;34m-\033[0m                     Take \033[0;33mstdin\033[0m (when last argument)
\033[0;34m-m MODE, --mode MODE\033[0m  Mode to open \033[0;33mstdin\033[0m with

Run \033[0;32memacsclient --help\033[0m to see help for the emacsclient."
            exit 0 ;;
            set -- "$@" "${1%%=*}" "${1#*=}"
            shift ;;
            if [ "$#" = 0 ]; then
                break; fi
            shift ;;

if [ ! "${#args[*]}" = 0 ] && [ "${args[-1]}" = "-" ]; then
    unset 'args[-1]'
    TMP="$(mktemp /tmp/emacsstdin-XXX)"
    cat > "$TMP"
    args+=(--eval "(let ((b (generate-new-buffer \"*stdin*\"))) (switch-to-buffer b) (insert-file-contents \"$TMP\") (delete-file \"$TMP\")${stdin_mode})")

if [ -z "$DISPLAY" ] || $force_tty; then
    # detect terminals with sneaky 24-bit support
    if { [ "$COLORTERM" = truecolor ] || [ "$COLORTERM" = 24bit ]; } \
        && [ "$(tput colors 2>/dev/null)" -lt 257 ]; then
        if echo "$TERM" | grep -q "^\w\+-[0-9]"; then
            termstub="${TERM%%-*}"; else
            termstub="${TERM#*-}"; fi
        if infocmp "$termstub-direct" >/dev/null 2>&1; then
            TERM="$termstub-direct"; else
            TERM="xterm-direct"; fi # should be fairly safe
    emacsclient --tty -create-frame --alternate-editor="$ALTERNATE_EDITOR" "${args[@]}"
    if ! $force_wait; then
        args+=(--no-wait); fi
    emacsclient -create-frame --alternate-editor="$ALTERNATE_EDITOR" "${args[@]}"

Now, to set an alias to use e with magit, and then for maximum laziness we can set aliases for the terminal-forced variants.

Shell Script
alias m='e --eval "(progn (magit-status) (delete-other-windows))"'
alias mt="m -t"
alias et="e -t"

2.4.6. Prompt to run setup script

At various points in this config, content is conditionally tangled to ./ It’s no good just putting content there if it isn’t run though. To help remind me to run it when needed, let’s add a little prompt when there’s anything to be run.

run-setupEmacs Lisp
(if (file-exists-p "")
    (if (string-empty-p (string-trim (with-temp-buffer (insert-file-contents "") (buffer-string)) "#!/usr/bin/env bash"))
        (message ";; Setup script is empty")
      (message ";; Detected content in the setup script")
       `(unless noninteractive
          (defun +config-run-setup ()
            (when (yes-or-no-p (format "%s The setup script has content. Check and run the script?"
                                       (propertize "Warning!" 'face '(bold warning))))
              (find-file (expand-file-name "" doom-private-dir))
              (when (yes-or-no-p "Would you like to run this script?")
                (async-shell-command "./"))))
          (add-hook! 'doom-init-ui-hook
            (run-at-time nil nil #'+config-run-setup)))))
  (message ";; did not exist during tangle. Tangle again.")
   `(unless noninteractive
      (add-hook! 'doom-init-ui-hook #'+literate-tangle-async-h))))
Emacs Lisp

3. Packages

3.1. Loading instructions

This is where you install packages, by declaring them with the package! macro in packages.el, then running doom refresh on the command line. This file shouldn’t be byte compiled.

Emacs Lisp
;; -*- no-byte-compile: t; -*-

You’ll then need to restart Emacs for your changes to take effect! Or at least, run M-x doom/reload.

Warning: Don’t disable core packages listed in ~/.emacs.d/core/packages.el. Doom requires these, and disabling them may have terrible side effects.

3.1.1. Packages in MELPA/ELPA/emacsmirror

To install some-package from MELPA, ELPA or emacsmirror:

Emacs Lisp
(package! some-package)

3.1.2. Packages from git repositories

To install a package directly from a particular repo, you’ll need to specify a :recipe. You’ll find documentation on what :recipe accepts here:

Emacs Lisp
(package! another-package
  :recipe (:host github :repo "username/repo"))

If the package you are trying to install does not contain a PACKAGENAME.el file, or is located in a subdirectory of the repo, you’ll need to specify :files in the :recipe:

Emacs Lisp
(package! this-package
  :recipe (:host github :repo "username/repo"
           :files ("some-file.el" "src/lisp/*.el")))

3.1.3. Disabling built-in packages

If you’d like to disable a package included with Doom, for whatever reason, you can do so here with the :disable property:

Emacs Lisp
(package! builtin-package :disable t)

You can override the recipe of a built in package without having to specify all the properties for :recipe. These will inherit the rest of its recipe from Doom or MELPA/ELPA/Emacsmirror:

Emacs Lisp
(package! builtin-package :recipe (:nonrecursive t))
(package! builtin-package-2 :recipe (:repo "myfork/package"))

Specify a :branch to install a package from a particular branch or tag.

Emacs Lisp
(package! builtin-package :recipe (:branch "develop"))

3.2. Convenience

3.2.1. Avy

From the :config default module.

What a wonderful way to jump to buffer positions, and it uses the QWERTY home-row for jumping. Very convenient … except I’m using Colemak.

Emacs Lisp
(after! avy
  ;; home row priorities: 8 6 4 5 - - 1 2 3 7
  (setq avy-keys '(?n ?e ?i ?s ?t ?r ?i ?a)))

3.2.2. Rotate (window management)

The rotate package just adds the ability to rotate window layouts, but that sounds nice to me.

Emacs Lisp
(package! rotate :pin "4e9ac3ff800880bd9b705794ef0f7c99d72900a6")

3.2.3. Emacs Everywhere

The name says it all. It’s loaded and set up (a bit) by :app everywhere, however as I develop this I want the unpinned version I have as a submodule.

Emacs Lisp
(package! emacs-everywhere :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/emacs-everywhere"))
(unpin! emacs-everywhere)

Additionally, I’m going to make some personal choices that aren’t made in the Doom module.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! emacs-everywhere
  :if (daemonp)
  (require 'spell-fu)
  (setq emacs-everywhere-major-mode-function #'org-mode
        emacs-everywhere-frame-name-format "Edit ∷ %s — %s")
  (defadvice! emacs-everywhere-raise-frame ()
    :after #'emacs-everywhere-set-frame-name
    (setq emacs-everywhere-frame-name (format emacs-everywhere-frame-name-format
                                (emacs-everywhere-app-class emacs-everywhere-current-app)
                                 (emacs-everywhere-app-title emacs-everywhere-current-app)
                                 45 nil nil "…")))
    ;; need to wait till frame refresh happen before really set
    (run-with-timer 0.1 nil #'emacs-everywhere-raise-frame-1))
  (defun emacs-everywhere-raise-frame-1 ()
    (call-process "wmctrl" nil nil nil "-a" emacs-everywhere-frame-name)))

3.2.4. Which-key

From the :core packages module.

Let’s make this popup a bit faster

Emacs Lisp
(setq which-key-idle-delay 0.5) ;; I need the help, I really do

I also think that having evil- appear in so many popups is a bit too verbose, let’s change that, and do a few other similar tweaks while we’re at it.

Emacs Lisp
(setq which-key-allow-multiple-replacements t)
(after! which-key
   '(("" . "\\`+?evil[-:]?\\(?:a-\\)?\\(.*\\)") . (nil . "◂\\1"))
   '(("\\`g s" . "\\`evilem--?motion-\\(.*\\)") . (nil . "◃\\1"))
Whichkey triggered on an evil motion

3.3. Tools

3.3.1. Abbrev

Thanks to use a single abbrev-table for multiple modes? - Emacs Stack Exchange I have the following.

Emacs Lisp
(add-hook 'doom-first-buffer-hook
          (defun +abbrev-file-name ()
            (setq-default abbrev-mode t)
            (setq abbrev-file-name (expand-file-name "abbrev.el" doom-private-dir))))

3.3.2. Very large files

The very large files mode loads large files in chunks, allowing one to open ridiculously large files.

Emacs Lisp
(package! vlf :recipe (:host github :repo "m00natic/vlfi" :files ("*.el"))
  :pin "cc02f2533782d6b9b628cec7e2dcf25b2d05a27c" :disable t)

To make VLF available without delaying startup, we’ll just load it in quiet moments.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! vlf-setup
  :defer-incrementally vlf-tune vlf-base vlf-write vlf-search vlf-occur vlf-follow vlf-ediff vlf)

3.3.3. Eros

From the :tools eval module.

This package enables the very nice inline evaluation with gr and gR. The prefix could be slightly nicer though.

Emacs Lisp
(setq eros-eval-result-prefix "⟹ ") ; default =>

3.3.4. EVIL

From the :editor evil module.

When I want to make a substitution, I want it to be global more often than not — so let’s make that the default.

Now, EVIL cares a fair bit about keeping compatibility with Vim’s default behaviour. I don’t. There are some particular settings that I’d rather be something else, so let’s change them.

Emacs Lisp
(after! evil
  (setq evil-ex-substitute-global t     ; I like my s/../.. to by global by default
        evil-move-cursor-back nil       ; Don't move the block cursor when toggling insert mode
        evil-kill-on-visual-paste nil)) ; Don't put overwritten text in the kill ring

I don’t use evil-escape-mode, so I may as well turn it off, I’ve heard it contributes a typing delay. I’m not sure it’s much, but it is an extra pre-command-hook that I don’t benefit from, so… It seems that there’s a dedicated package for this, so instead of just disabling the mode on startup, let’s prevent installation of the package.

Emacs Lisp
(package! evil-escape :disable t)

3.3.5. Consult

From the :completion vertico module.

Since we’re using 3.4.9 too, the separation between buffers and files is already clear, and there’s no need for a different face.

Emacs Lisp
(after! consult
  (set-face-attribute 'consult-file nil :inherit 'consult-buffer)
  (setf (plist-get (alist-get 'perl consult-async-split-styles-alist) :initial) ";"))

3.3.6. Magit

From the :tools magit module.


Magit is great as-is, thanks for making such a lovely package Jonas! Commit message templates

One little thing I want to add is some per-project commit message templates.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar +magit-project-commit-templates-alist nil
  "Alist of toplevel dirs and template strings/functions.")
(after! magit
  (defun +magit-fill-in-commit-template ()
    "Insert template from `+magit-fill-in-commit-template' if applicable."
    (when-let ((template (and (save-excursion (goto-char (point-min)) (string-match-p "\\`\\s-*$" (thing-at-point 'line)))
                              (cdr (assoc (file-name-base (directory-file-name (magit-toplevel)))
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (insert (if (stringp template) template (funcall template)))
      (goto-char (point-min))
  (add-hook 'git-commit-setup-hook #'+magit-fill-in-commit-template 90))

This is particularly useful when creating commits for Org, as they need to follow a certain format and sometimes I forget elements (oops!).

Emacs Lisp
(after! magit
  (defun +org-commit-message-template ()
    "Create a skeleton for an Org commit message based on the staged diff."
    (let (change-data last-file file-changes temp-point)
        (apply #'call-process magit-git-executable
               nil t nil
                (list "diff" "--cached")))
        (goto-char (point-min))
        (while (re-search-forward "^@@\\|^\\+\\+\\+ b/" nil t)
          (if (looking-back "^\\+\\+\\+ b/" (line-beginning-position))
                (push (list last-file file-changes) change-data)
                (setq last-file (buffer-substring-no-properties (point) (line-end-position))
                      file-changes nil))
            (setq temp-point (line-beginning-position))
            (re-search-forward "^\\+\\|^-" nil t)
             ((string-match-p "\\.el$" last-file)
              (when (re-search-backward "^\\(?:[+-]? *\\|@@[ +-\\d,]+@@ \\)(\\(?:cl-\\)?\\(?:defun\\|defvar\\|defmacro\\|defcustom\\)" temp-point t)
                (re-search-forward "\\(?:cl-\\)?\\(?:defun\\|defvar\\|defmacro\\|defcustom\\) " nil t)
                (add-to-list 'file-changes (buffer-substring-no-properties (point) (forward-symbol 1)))))
             ((string-match-p "\\.org$" last-file)
              (when (re-search-backward "^[+-]\\*+ \\|^@@[ +-\\d,]+@@ \\*+ " temp-point t)
                (re-search-forward "@@ \\*+ " nil t)
                (add-to-list 'file-changes (buffer-substring-no-properties (point) (line-end-position)))))))))
      (push (list last-file file-changes) change-data)
      (setq change-data (delete '(nil nil) change-data))
       (if (= 1 (length change-data))
           (replace-regexp-in-string "^.*/\\|.[a-z]+$" "" (caar change-data))
       ": \n\n"
        (lambda (file-changes)
          (if (cadr file-changes)
              (format "* %s (%s): "
                      (car file-changes)
                      (mapconcat #'identity (cadr file-changes) ", "))
            (format "* %s: " (car file-changes))))

  (add-to-list '+magit-project-commit-templates-alist (cons "org-mode" #'+org-commit-message-template)))

This relies on two small entries in the git config files which improves the hunk heading line selection for elisp and Org files.

[diff "lisp"]
  xfuncname = "^(((;;;+ )|\\(|([ \t]+\\(((cl-|el-patch-)?def(un|var|macro|method|custom)|gb/))).*)$"

[diff "org"]
  xfuncname = "^(\\*+ +.*)$"

3.3.7. Magit delta

Delta is a git diff syntax highlighter written in rust. The author also wrote a package to hook this into the magit diff view (which don’t get any syntax highlighting by default). This requires the delta binary. It’s packaged on some distributions, but most reliably installed through Rust’s package manager cargo.

Shell Script
cargo install git-delta

Now we can make use of the package for this.

Emacs Lisp
;; (package! magit-delta :recipe (:host github :repo "dandavison/magit-delta") :pin "56cdffd377279589aa0cb1df99455c098f1848cf")

All that’s left is to hook it into magit

Emacs Lisp
;; (after! magit
;;   (magit-delta-mode +1))

Unfortunately this currently seems to mess things up, which is something I’ll want to look into later.

3.3.8. Smerge

For repeated operations, a hydra would be helpful. But I prefer transient.

Emacs Lisp
(defun smerge-repeatedly ()
  "Perform smerge actions again and again"
  (smerge-mode 1)
(after! transient
  (transient-define-prefix smerge-transient ()
      ("n" "next" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-next)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("p" "previous" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-prev)) (smerge-repeatedly)))]
      ("b" "base" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-keep-base)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("u" "upper" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-keep-upper)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("l" "lower" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-keep-lower)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("a" "all" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-keep-all)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("RET" "current" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-keep-current)) (smerge-repeatedly)))]
      ("<" "upper/base" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-diff-base-upper)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("=" "upper/lower" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-diff-upper-lower)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      (">" "base/lower" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-diff-base-lower)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("R" "refine" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-refine)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("E" "ediff" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-ediff)) (smerge-repeatedly)))]
      ("c" "combine" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-combine-with-next)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("r" "resolve" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-resolve)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("k" "kill current" (lambda () (interactive) (ignore-errors (smerge-kill-current)) (smerge-repeatedly)))
      ("q" "quit" (lambda () (interactive) (smerge-auto-leave)))]]))

3.3.9. Company

From the :completion company module.

It’s nice to have completions almost all the time, in my opinion. Key strokes are just waiting to be saved!

Emacs Lisp
(after! company
  (setq company-idle-delay 0.5
        company-minimum-prefix-length 2)
  (setq company-show-numbers t)
  (add-hook 'evil-normal-state-entry-hook #'company-abort)) ;; make aborting less annoying.

Now, the improvements from precedent are mostly from remembering history, so let’s improve that memory.

Emacs Lisp
(setq-default history-length 1000)
(setq-default prescient-history-length 1000) Plain Text

Ispell is nice, let’s have it in text, markdown, and GFM.

Emacs Lisp

We then configure the dictionary we’re using in Ispell. ESS

company-dabbrev-code is nice. Let’s have it.

Emacs Lisp
(set-company-backend! 'ess-r-mode '(company-R-args company-R-objects company-dabbrev-code :separate))

3.3.10. Projectile

From the :core packages module.

Looking at documentation via SPC h f and SPC h v and looking at the source can add package src directories to projectile. This isn’t desirable in my opinion.

Emacs Lisp
(setq projectile-ignored-projects '("~/" "/tmp" "~/.emacs.d/.local/straight/repos/"))
(defun projectile-ignored-project-function (filepath)
  "Return t if FILEPATH is within any of `projectile-ignored-projects'"
  (or (mapcar (lambda (p) (s-starts-with-p p filepath)) projectile-ignored-projects)))

3.3.11. Ispell Downloading dictionaries

Let’s get a nice big dictionary from SCOWL Custom List/Dictionary Creator with the following configuration

80 (huge)
British(-ise) and Australian
spelling variants level
extra lists
hacker, roman numerals Hunspell
Shell Script
cd /tmp
curl -o "" ''
unzip ""

sudo chown root:root en-custom.*
sudo mv en-custom.{aff,dic} /usr/share/myspell/ Aspell
Shell Script
cd /tmp
curl -o "aspell6-en-custom.tar.bz2" ''
tar -xjf "aspell6-en-custom.tar.bz2"

cd aspell6-en-custom
./configure && make && sudo make install Configuration
Emacs Lisp
(setq ispell-dictionary "en-custom")

Oh, and by the way, if company-ispell-dictionary is nil, then ispell-complete-word-dict is used instead, which once again when nil is ispell-alternate-dictionary, which at the moment maps to a plaintext version of the above.

It seems reasonable to want to keep an eye on my personal dict, let’s have it nearby (also means that if I change the ’main’ dictionary I keep my addition).

Emacs Lisp
(setq ispell-personal-dictionary (expand-file-name ".ispell_personal" doom-private-dir))

3.3.12. TRAMP

Another lovely Emacs feature, TRAMP stands for Transparent Remote Access, Multiple Protocol. In brief, it’s a lovely way to wander around outside your local filesystem. Prompt recognition

Unfortunately, when connecting to remote machines Tramp can be a wee pit picky with the prompt format. Let’s try to get Bash, and be a bit more permissive with prompt recognition.

Emacs Lisp
(after! tramp
  (setenv "SHELL" "/bin/bash")
  (setq tramp-shell-prompt-pattern "\\(?:^\\|
\\)[^]#$%>\n]*#?[]#$%>] *\\(\\[[0-9;]*[a-zA-Z] *\\)*")) ;; default +  Troubleshooting

In case the remote shell is misbehaving, here are some things to try Zsh

There are some escape code you don’t want, let’s make it behave more considerately.

Shell Script
if [[ "$TERM" == "dumb" ]]; then
    unset zle_bracketed_paste
    unset zle
    PS1='$ '
fi Guix

Guix puts some binaries that TRAMP looks for in unexpected locations. That’s no problem though, we just need to help TRAMP find them.

Emacs Lisp
(after! tramp
  (appendq! tramp-remote-path
            '("~/.guix-profile/bin" "~/.guix-profile/sbin"

3.3.13. Auto activating snippets

Sometimes pressing TAB is just too much.

Emacs Lisp
(package! aas :recipe (:host github :repo "ymarco/auto-activating-snippets")
  :pin "566944e3b336c29d3ac11cd739a954c9d112f3fb")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! aas
  :commands aas-mode)

3.3.14. Screenshot

This makes it a breeze to take lovely screenshots.

Emacs Lisp
(package! screenshot :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/screenshot"))
Example screenshot.el screenshot

Some light configuring is all we need, so we can make use of the 0x0 wrapper file uploading script (which I’ve renamed to upload).

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! screenshot
  :defer t
  :config (setq screenshot-upload-fn "upload %s 2>/dev/null"))

3.3.15. Etrace

The Emacs Lisp Profiler (ELP) does a nice job recording information, but it isn’t the best for looking at results. etrace converts ELP’s results to the “Chromium Catapult Trace Event Format”. This means that the output of etrace can be loaded in something like the speedscope webapp for easier profile investigation.

Emacs Lisp
(package! etrace :recipe (:host github :repo "aspiers/etrace")
  :pin "2291ccf2f2ccc80a6aac4664e8ede736ceb672b7")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! etrace
  :after elp)

3.3.16. YASnippet

From the :editor snippets module.

Nested snippets are good, so let’s enable that.

Emacs Lisp
(setq yas-triggers-in-field t)

3.3.17. String inflection

For when you want to change the case pattern for a symbol.

Emacs Lisp
(package! string-inflection :pin "fd7926ac17293e9124b31f706a4e8f38f6a9b855")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! string-inflection
  :commands (string-inflection-all-cycle
  (map! :leader :prefix ("c~" . "naming convention")
        :desc "cycle" "~" #'string-inflection-all-cycle
        :desc "toggle" "t" #'string-inflection-toggle
        :desc "CamelCase" "c" #'string-inflection-camelcase
        :desc "downCase" "d" #'string-inflection-lower-camelcase
        :desc "kebab-case" "k" #'string-inflection-kebab-case
        :desc "under_score" "_" #'string-inflection-underscore
        :desc "Upper_Score" "u" #'string-inflection-capital-underscore
        :desc "UP_CASE" "U" #'string-inflection-upcase)
  (after! evil
    (evil-define-operator evil-operator-string-inflection (beg end _type)
      "Define a new evil operator that cycles symbol casing."
      :move-point nil
      (interactive "<R>")
      (setq evil-repeat-info '([?g ?~])))
    (define-key evil-normal-state-map (kbd "g~") 'evil-operator-string-inflection)))

3.3.18. Smart parentheses

From the :core packages module.

Emacs Lisp
 "<<" ">>"
 :actions '(insert))

3.4. Visuals

3.4.1. Info colours

This makes manual pages nicer to look at by adding variable pitch fontification and colouring ๐Ÿ™‚.

Example info-colours page.
Emacs Lisp
(package! info-colors :pin "47ee73cc19b1049eef32c9f3e264ea7ef2aaf8a5")

To use this we’ll just hook it into Info.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! info-colors
  :commands (info-colors-fontify-node))

(add-hook 'Info-selection-hook 'info-colors-fontify-node)
Example colourised info page

3.4.2. Modus themes

Proteolas did a lovely job with the Modus themes, so much so that they were welcomed into Emacs 28. However, he is also rather attentive with updates, and so I’d like to make sure we have a recent version.

Emacs Lisp
(package! modus-themes :pin "a42c1710389eab741bb2921b575e3fa7b678eddd")

3.4.3. Theme magic

With all our fancy Emacs themes, my terminal is missing out!

Emacs Lisp
(package! theme-magic :pin "844c4311bd26ebafd4b6a1d72ddcc65d87f074e3")

This operates using pywal, which is present in some repositories, but most reliably installed with pip.

Shell Script
sudo python3 -m pip install pywal

Theme magic takes a look at a number of faces, the saturation levels, and colour differences to try to cleverly pick eight colours to use. However, it uses the same colours for the light variants, and doesn’t always make the best picks. Since we’re using doom-themes, our life is a little easier and we can use the colour utilities from Doom themes to easily grab sensible colours and generate lightened versions — let’s do that.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! theme-magic
  :commands theme-magic-from-emacs
  (defadvice! theme-magic--auto-extract-16-doom-colors ()
    :override #'theme-magic--auto-extract-16-colors
     (face-attribute 'default :background)
     (doom-color 'error)
     (doom-color 'success)
     (doom-color 'type)
     (doom-color 'keywords)
     (doom-color 'constants)
     (doom-color 'functions)
     (face-attribute 'default :foreground)
     (face-attribute 'shadow :foreground)
     (doom-blend 'base8 'error 0.1)
     (doom-blend 'base8 'success 0.1)
     (doom-blend 'base8 'type 0.1)
     (doom-blend 'base8 'keywords 0.1)
     (doom-blend 'base8 'constants 0.1)
     (doom-blend 'base8 'functions 0.1)
     (face-attribute 'default :foreground))))

3.4.4. Emojify

From the :ui emoji module.

For starters, twitter’s emojis look nicer than emoji-one. Other than that, this is pretty great OOTB ๐Ÿ˜€.

Emacs Lisp
(setq emojify-emoji-set "twemoji-v2")

One minor annoyance is the use of emojis over the default character when the default is actually preferred. This occurs with overlay symbols I use in Org mode, such as checkbox state, and a few other miscellaneous cases.

We can accommodate our preferences by deleting those entries from the emoji hash table

Emacs Lisp
(defvar emojify-disabled-emojis
  '(;; Org
    "◼" "☑" "☸" "⚙" "⏩" "⏪" "⬆" "⬇" "❓"
    ;; Terminal powerline
    ;; Box drawing
    "▶" "◀"
    ;; I just want to see this as text
    "©" "™")
  "Characters that should never be affected by `emojify-mode'.")

(defadvice! emojify-delete-from-data ()
  "Ensure `emojify-disabled-emojis' don't appear in `emojify-emojis'."
  :after #'emojify-set-emoji-data
  (dolist (emoji emojify-disabled-emojis)
    (remhash emoji emojify-emojis)))

Now, it would be good to have a minor mode which allowed you to type ascii/gh emojis and get them converted to unicode. Let’s make one.

Emacs Lisp
(defun emojify--replace-text-with-emoji (orig-fn emoji text buffer start end &optional target)
  "Modify `emojify--propertize-text-for-emoji' to replace ascii/github emoticons with unicode emojis, on the fly."
  (if (or (not emoticon-to-emoji) (= 1 (length text)))
      (funcall orig-fn emoji text buffer start end target)
    (delete-region start end)
    (insert (ht-get emoji "unicode"))))

(define-minor-mode emoticon-to-emoji
  "Write ascii/gh emojis, and have them converted to unicode live."
  :global nil
  :init-value nil
  (if emoticon-to-emoji
        (setq-local emojify-emoji-styles '(ascii github unicode))
        (advice-add 'emojify--propertize-text-for-emoji :around #'emojify--replace-text-with-emoji)
        (unless emojify-mode
    (setq-local emojify-emoji-styles (default-value 'emojify-emoji-styles))
    (advice-remove 'emojify--propertize-text-for-emoji #'emojify--replace-text-with-emoji)))

This new minor mode of ours will be nice for messages, so let’s hook it in for Email and IRC.

Emacs Lisp
(add-hook! '(mu4e-compose-mode org-msg-edit-mode circe-channel-mode) (emoticon-to-emoji 1))

3.4.5. Doom modeline

From the :ui modeline module.

Very nice and pretty, however I think the PDF modeline could do with tweaking. I raised an issue on this, however the response was basically “put your preferences in your personal config, the current default is sensible” — so here we are.

First up I’m going to want a segment for just the buffer file name, and a PDF icon. Then we’ll redefine two functions used to generate the modeline.

Emacs Lisp
(after! doom-modeline
  (doom-modeline-def-segment buffer-name
    "Display the current buffer's name, without any other information."

  (doom-modeline-def-segment pdf-icon
    "PDF icon from all-the-icons."
     (doom-modeline-icon 'octicon "file-pdf" nil nil
                         :face (if (doom-modeline--active)
                         :v-adjust 0.02)))

  (defun doom-modeline-update-pdf-pages ()
    "Update PDF pages."
    (setq doom-modeline--pdf-pages
          (let ((current-page-str (number-to-string (eval `(pdf-view-current-page))))
                (total-page-str (number-to-string (pdf-cache-number-of-pages))))
              (concat (make-string (- (length total-page-str) (length current-page-str)) ? )
                      " P" current-page-str)
              'face 'mode-line)
             (propertize (concat "/" total-page-str) 'face 'doom-modeline-buffer-minor-mode)))))

  (doom-modeline-def-segment pdf-pages
    "Display PDF pages."
    (if (doom-modeline--active) doom-modeline--pdf-pages
      (propertize doom-modeline--pdf-pages 'face 'mode-line-inactive)))

  (doom-modeline-def-modeline 'pdf
    '(bar window-number pdf-pages pdf-icon buffer-name)
    '(misc-info matches major-mode process vcs)))

3.4.6. Keycast

For some reason, I find myself demoing Emacs every now and then. Showing what keyboard stuff I’m doing on-screen seems helpful. While screenkey does exist, having something that doesn’t cover up screen content is nice.

Screenshot of Keycast-mode in action
Emacs Lisp
(package! keycast :pin "72d9add8ba16e0cae8cfcff7fc050fa75e493b4e")

Let’s just make sure this is lazy-loaded appropriately.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! keycast
  :commands keycast-mode
  (define-minor-mode keycast-mode
    "Show current command and its key binding in the mode line."
    :global t
    (if keycast-mode
          (add-hook 'pre-command-hook 'keycast--update t)
          (add-to-list 'global-mode-string '("" mode-line-keycast " ")))
      (remove-hook 'pre-command-hook 'keycast--update)
      (setq global-mode-string (remove '("" mode-line-keycast " ") global-mode-string))))
    '(keycast-command :inherit doom-modeline-debug
                      :height 0.9)
    '(keycast-key :inherit custom-modified
                  :height 1.1
                  :weight bold)))

3.4.7. Screencast

In a similar manner to 3.4.6, gif-screencast may come in handy.

Emacs Lisp
(package! gif-screencast :pin "5517a557a17d8016c9e26b0acb74197550f829b9")

We can lazy load this using the start/stop commands.

I initially installed scrot for this, since it was the default capture program. However it raised glib error: Saving to file ... failed each time it was run. Google didn’t reveal any easy fixed, so I switched to maim. We now need to pass it the window ID. This doesn’t change throughout the lifetime of an emacs instance, so as long as a single window is used xdotool getactivewindow will give a satisfactory result.

It seems that when new colours appear, that tends to make gifsicle introduce artefacts. To avoid this we pre-populate the colour map using the current doom theme.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! gif-screencast
  :commands gif-screencast-mode
  (map! :map gif-screencast-mode-map
        :g "<f8>" #'gif-screencast-toggle-pause
        :g "<f9>" #'gif-screencast-stop)
  (setq gif-screencast-program "maim"
        gif-screencast-args `("--quality" "3" "-i" ,(string-trim-right
                                                      "xdotool getactivewindow")))
        gif-screencast-optimize-args '("--batch" "--optimize=3" "--usecolormap=/tmp/doom-color-theme"))
  (defun gif-screencast-write-colormap ()
      "\n+" "\n"
      (mapconcat (lambda (c) (if (listp (cdr c))
                                 (cadr c))) doom-themes--colors "\n"))
     "/tmp/doom-color-theme" ))
  (add-hook 'doom-load-theme-hook #'gif-screencast-write-colormap))

3.4.8. Mixed pitch

From the :ui zen module.

We’d like to use mixed pitch in certain modes. If we simply add a hook, when directly opening a file with (a new) Emacs mixed-pitch-mode runs before UI initialisation, which is problematic. To resolve this, we create a hook that runs after UI initialisation and both

  • conditionally enables mixed-pitch-mode
  • sets up the mixed pitch hooks
Emacs Lisp
(defvar mixed-pitch-modes '(org-mode LaTeX-mode markdown-mode gfm-mode Info-mode)
  "Modes that `mixed-pitch-mode' should be enabled in, but only after UI initialisation.")
(defun init-mixed-pitch-h ()
  "Hook `mixed-pitch-mode' into each mode in `mixed-pitch-modes'.
Also immediately enables `mixed-pitch-modes' if currently in one of the modes."
  (when (memq major-mode mixed-pitch-modes)
    (mixed-pitch-mode 1))
  (dolist (hook mixed-pitch-modes)
    (add-hook (intern (concat (symbol-name hook) "-hook")) #'mixed-pitch-mode)))
(add-hook 'doom-init-ui-hook #'init-mixed-pitch-h)

As mixed pitch uses the variable mixed-pitch-face, we can create a new function to apply mixed pitch with a serif face instead of the default. This was created for writeroom mode.

Emacs Lisp
(autoload #'mixed-pitch-serif-mode "mixed-pitch"
  "Change the default face of the current buffer to a serifed variable pitch, while keeping some faces fixed pitch." t)

(after! mixed-pitch
  (defface variable-pitch-serif
    '((t (:family "serif")))
    "A variable-pitch face with serifs."
    :group 'basic-faces)
  (setq mixed-pitch-set-height t)
  (setq variable-pitch-serif-font (font-spec :family "Alegreya" :size 27))
  (set-face-attribute 'variable-pitch-serif nil :font variable-pitch-serif-font)
  (defun mixed-pitch-serif-mode (&optional arg)
    "Change the default face of the current buffer to a serifed variable pitch, while keeping some faces fixed pitch."
    (let ((mixed-pitch-face 'variable-pitch-serif))
      (mixed-pitch-mode (or arg 'toggle)))))

Now, as Harfbuzz is currently used in Emacs, we’ll be missing out on the following Alegreya ligatures:

ff ff ffi ffi ffj ffj ffl ffl fft fft fi fi fj fj ft ft Th Th

Thankfully, it isn’t to hard to add these to the composition-function-table.

Emacs Lisp
(set-char-table-range composition-function-table ?f '(["\\(?:ff?[fijlt]\\)" 0 font-shape-gstring]))
(set-char-table-range composition-function-table ?T '(["\\(?:Th\\)" 0 font-shape-gstring]))

3.4.9. Marginalia

Part of the :completion vertico module.

Marginalia is nice, but the file metadata annotations are a little too plain. Specifically, I have these gripes

  • File attributes would be nicer if coloured
  • I don’t care about the user/group information if the user/group is me
  • When a file time is recent, a relative age (e.g. 2h ago) is more useful than the date
  • An indication of file fatness would be nice

Thanks to the marginalia-annotator-registry, we don’t have to advise, we can just add a new file annotator.

Another small thing is the face used for docstrings. At the moment it’s (italic shadow), but I don’t like that.

Emacs Lisp
(after! marginalia
  (setq marginalia-censor-variables nil)

  (defadvice! +marginalia--anotate-local-file-colorful (cand)
    "Just a more colourful version of `marginalia--anotate-local-file'."
    :override #'marginalia--annotate-local-file
    (when-let (attrs (file-attributes (substitute-in-file-name
                                       (marginalia--full-candidate cand))
       ((marginalia--file-owner attrs)
        :width 12 :face 'marginalia-file-owner)
       ((marginalia--file-modes attrs))
       ((+marginalia-file-size-colorful (file-attribute-size attrs))
        :width 7)
       ((+marginalia--time-colorful (file-attribute-modification-time attrs))
        :width 12))))

  (defun +marginalia--time-colorful (time)
    (let* ((seconds (float-time (time-subtract (current-time) time)))
           (color (doom-blend
                   (face-attribute 'marginalia-date :foreground nil t)
                   (face-attribute 'marginalia-documentation :foreground nil t)
                   (/ 1.0 (log (+ 3 (/ (+ 1 seconds) 345600.0)))))))
      ;; 1 - log(3 + 1/(days + 1)) % grey
      (propertize (marginalia--time time) 'face (list :foreground color))))

  (defun +marginalia-file-size-colorful (size)
    (let* ((size-index (/ (log10 (+ 1 size)) 7.0))
           (color (if (< size-index 10000000) ; 10m
                      (doom-blend 'orange 'green size-index)
                    (doom-blend 'red 'orange (- size-index 1)))))
      (propertize (file-size-human-readable size) 'face (list :foreground color)))))

3.4.10. Centaur Tabs

From the :ui tabs module.

We want to make the tabs a nice, comfy size (36), with icons. The modifier marker is nice, but the particular default Unicode one causes a lag spike, so let’s just switch to an o, which still looks decent but doesn’t cause any issues. An ’active-bar’ is nice, so let’s have one of those. If we have it under needs us to turn on x-underline-at-decent though. For some reason this didn’t seem to work inside the (after! ... ) block ยฏ\_(ใƒ„)_/ยฏ. Then let’s change the font to a sans serif, but the default one doesn’t fit too well somehow, so let’s switch to ’P22 Underground Book’; it looks much nicer.

Emacs Lisp
(after! centaur-tabs
  (centaur-tabs-mode -1)
  (setq centaur-tabs-height 36
        centaur-tabs-set-icons t
        centaur-tabs-modified-marker "o"
        centaur-tabs-close-button "×"
        centaur-tabs-set-bar 'above
        centaur-tabs-gray-out-icons 'buffer)
  (centaur-tabs-change-fonts "P22 Underground Book" 160))
;; (setq x-underline-at-descent-line t)

3.4.11. All the icons

From the :core packages module.

all-the-icons does a generally great job giving file names icons. One minor niggle I have is that when I open a .m file, it’s much more likely to be Matlab than Objective-C. As such, it’ll be switching the icon associated with .m.

Emacs Lisp
(after! all-the-icons
  (setcdr (assoc "m" all-the-icons-extension-icon-alist)
          (cdr (assoc "matlab" all-the-icons-extension-icon-alist))))

3.4.12. Prettier page breaks

In some files, ^L appears as a page break character. This isn’t that visually appealing, and Steve Purcell has been nice enough to make a package to display these as horizontal rules.

Emacs Lisp
(package! page-break-lines :recipe (:host github :repo "purcell/page-break-lines")
  :pin "cc283621c64e4f1133a63e0945658a4abecf42ef")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! page-break-lines
  :commands page-break-lines-mode
  (autoload 'turn-on-page-break-lines-mode "page-break-lines")
  (setq page-break-lines-max-width fill-column)
  (map! :prefix "g"
        :desc "Prev page break" :nv "[" #'backward-page
        :desc "Next page break" :nv "]" #'forward-page))

3.4.13. Writeroom

From the :ui zen module.

For starters, I think Doom is a bit over-zealous when zooming in

Emacs Lisp
(setq +zen-text-scale 0.8)

Then, when using Org it would be nice to make a number of other aesthetic tweaks. Namely:

  • Use a serifed variable-pitch font
  • Hiding headline leading stars
  • Using fleurons as headline bullets
  • Hiding line numbers
  • Removing outline indentation
  • Centring the text
  • Turning on org-pretty-table-mode
Emacs Lisp
(defvar +zen-serif-p t
  "Whether to use a serifed font with `mixed-pitch-mode'.")
(after! writeroom-mode
  (defvar-local +zen--original-org-indent-mode-p nil)
  (defvar-local +zen--original-mixed-pitch-mode-p nil)
  (defvar-local +zen--original-org-pretty-table-mode-p nil)
  (defun +zen-enable-mixed-pitch-mode-h ()
    "Enable `mixed-pitch-mode' when in `+zen-mixed-pitch-modes'."
    (when (apply #'derived-mode-p +zen-mixed-pitch-modes)
      (if writeroom-mode
            (setq +zen--original-mixed-pitch-mode-p mixed-pitch-mode)
            (funcall (if +zen-serif-p #'mixed-pitch-serif-mode #'mixed-pitch-mode) 1))
        (funcall #'mixed-pitch-mode (if +zen--original-mixed-pitch-mode-p 1 -1)))))
  (pushnew! writeroom--local-variables
  (add-hook 'writeroom-mode-enable-hook
            (defun +zen-prose-org-h ()
              "Reformat the current Org buffer appearance for prose."
              (when (eq major-mode 'org-mode)
                (setq display-line-numbers nil
                      visual-fill-column-width 60
                      org-adapt-indentation nil)
                (when (featurep 'org-superstar)
                  (setq-local org-superstar-headline-bullets-list '("🙘" "🙙" "🙚" "🙛")
                              ;; org-superstar-headline-bullets-list '("🙐" "🙑" "🙒" "🙓" "🙔" "🙕" "🙖" "🙗")
                              org-superstar-remove-leading-stars t)
                 +zen--original-org-indent-mode-p org-indent-mode
                 +zen--original-org-pretty-table-mode-p (bound-and-true-p org-pretty-table-mode))
                (org-indent-mode -1)
                (org-pretty-table-mode 1))))
  (add-hook 'writeroom-mode-disable-hook
            (defun +zen-nonprose-org-h ()
              "Reverse the effect of `+zen-prose-org'."
              (when (eq major-mode 'org-mode)
                (when (featurep 'org-superstar)
                (when +zen--original-org-indent-mode-p (org-indent-mode 1))
                ;; (unless +zen--original-org-pretty-table-mode-p (org-pretty-table-mode -1))
Writeroom applied to an Org file

3.4.14. Treemacs

From the :ui treemacs module.

Quite often there are superfluous files I’m not that interested in. There’s no good reason for them to take up space. Let’s add a mechanism to ignore them.

Emacs Lisp
(after! treemacs
  (defvar treemacs-file-ignore-extensions '()
    "File extension which `treemacs-ignore-filter' will ensure are ignored")
  (defvar treemacs-file-ignore-globs '()
    "Globs which will are transformed to `treemacs-file-ignore-regexps' which `treemacs-ignore-filter' will ensure are ignored")
  (defvar treemacs-file-ignore-regexps '()
    "RegExps to be tested to ignore files, generated from `treeemacs-file-ignore-globs'")
  (defun treemacs-file-ignore-generate-regexps ()
    "Generate `treemacs-file-ignore-regexps' from `treemacs-file-ignore-globs'"
    (setq treemacs-file-ignore-regexps (mapcar 'dired-glob-regexp treemacs-file-ignore-globs)))
  (if (equal treemacs-file-ignore-globs '()) nil (treemacs-file-ignore-generate-regexps))
  (defun treemacs-ignore-filter (file full-path)
    "Ignore files specified by `treemacs-file-ignore-extensions', and `treemacs-file-ignore-regexps'"
    (or (member (file-name-extension file) treemacs-file-ignore-extensions)
        (let ((ignore-file nil))
          (dolist (regexp treemacs-file-ignore-regexps ignore-file)
            (setq ignore-file (or ignore-file (if (string-match-p regexp full-path) t nil)))))))
  (add-to-list 'treemacs-ignored-file-predicates #'treemacs-ignore-filter))

Now, we just identify the files in question.

Emacs Lisp
(setq treemacs-file-ignore-extensions
      '(;; LaTeX
        ;; LaTeX - glossary
        ;; LaTeX - pgfplots
        ;; LaTeX - pdfx
(setq treemacs-file-ignore-globs
      '(;; LaTeX
        ;; AucTeX

3.5. Frivolities

3.5.1. xkcd

XKCD comics are fun.

Emacs Lisp
(package! xkcd :pin "688d0b4ea234adda0c05784e6bb22ab9d71f0884")

We want to set this up so it loads nicely in Extra links.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! xkcd
  :commands (xkcd-get-json
             xkcd-download xkcd-get
             ;; now for funcs from my extension of this pkg
             +xkcd-find-and-copy +xkcd-find-and-view
             +xkcd-fetch-info +xkcd-select)
  (setq xkcd-cache-dir (expand-file-name "xkcd/" doom-cache-dir)
        xkcd-cache-latest (concat xkcd-cache-dir "latest"))
  (unless (file-exists-p xkcd-cache-dir)
    (make-directory xkcd-cache-dir))
  (after! evil-snipe
    (add-to-list 'evil-snipe-disabled-modes 'xkcd-mode))
  :general (:states 'normal
            :keymaps 'xkcd-mode-map
            "<right>" #'xkcd-next
            "n"       #'xkcd-next ; evil-ish
            "<left>"  #'xkcd-prev
            "N"       #'xkcd-prev ; evil-ish
            "r"       #'xkcd-rand
            "a"       #'xkcd-rand ; because image-rotate can interfere
            "t"       #'xkcd-alt-text
            "q"       #'xkcd-kill-buffer
            "o"       #'xkcd-open-browser
            "e"       #'xkcd-open-explanation-browser
            ;; extras
            "s"       #'+xkcd-find-and-view
            "/"       #'+xkcd-find-and-view
            "y"       #'+xkcd-copy))

Let’s also extend the functionality a whole bunch.

Emacs Lisp
(after! xkcd
  (require 'emacsql-sqlite)

  (defun +xkcd-select ()
    "Prompt the user for an xkcd using `completing-read' and `+xkcd-select-format'. Return the xkcd number or nil"
    (let* (prompt-lines
           (-dummy (maphash (lambda (key xkcd-info)
                              (push (+xkcd-select-format xkcd-info) prompt-lines))
           (num (completing-read (format "xkcd (%s): " xkcd-latest) prompt-lines)))
      (if (equal "" num) xkcd-latest
        (string-to-number (replace-regexp-in-string "\\([0-9]+\\).*" "\\1" num)))))

  (defun +xkcd-select-format (xkcd-info)
    "Creates each completing-read line from an xkcd info plist. Must start with the xkcd number"
    (format "%-4s  %-30s %s"
            (propertize (number-to-string (plist-get xkcd-info :num))
                        'face 'counsel-key-binding)
            (plist-get xkcd-info :title)
            (propertize (plist-get xkcd-info :alt)
                        'face '(variable-pitch font-lock-comment-face))))

  (defun +xkcd-fetch-info (&optional num)
    "Fetch the parsed json info for comic NUM. Fetches latest when omitted or 0"
    (require 'xkcd)
    (when (or (not num) (= num 0))
      (setq num xkcd-latest))
    (let ((res (or (gethash num +xkcd-stored-info)
                   (puthash num (+xkcd-db-read num) +xkcd-stored-info))))
      (unless res
         (let* ((url (format "" num))
                 (if (gethash num +xkcd-stored-info)
                     (gethash num +xkcd-stored-info)
                   (json-read-from-string (xkcd-get-json url num)))))
        (setq res (+xkcd-db-read num)))

  ;; since we've done this, we may as well go one little step further
  (defun +xkcd-find-and-copy ()
    "Prompt for an xkcd using `+xkcd-select' and copy url to clipboard"
    (+xkcd-copy (+xkcd-select)))

  (defun +xkcd-copy (&optional num)
    "Copy a url to xkcd NUM to the clipboard"
    (interactive "i")
    (let ((num (or num xkcd-cur)))
      (gui-select-text (format "" num))
      (message " copied to clipboard" num)))

  (defun +xkcd-find-and-view ()
    "Prompt for an xkcd using `+xkcd-select' and view it"
    (xkcd-get (+xkcd-select))
    (switch-to-buffer "*xkcd*"))

  (defvar +xkcd-latest-max-age (* 60 60) ; 1 hour
    "Time after which xkcd-latest should be refreshed, in seconds")

  ;; initialise `xkcd-latest' and `+xkcd-stored-info' with latest xkcd
  (add-transient-hook! '+xkcd-select
    (require 'xkcd)
    (+xkcd-fetch-info xkcd-latest)
    (setq +xkcd-stored-info (+xkcd-db-read-all)))

  (add-transient-hook! '+xkcd-fetch-info

  (defun +xkcd-check-latest ()
    "Use value in `xkcd-cache-latest' as long as it isn't older thabn `+xkcd-latest-max-age'"
    (unless (and (file-exists-p xkcd-cache-latest)
                 (< (- (time-to-seconds (current-time))
                       (time-to-seconds (file-attribute-modification-time (file-attributes xkcd-cache-latest))))
      (let* ((out (xkcd-get-json "" 0))
             (json-assoc (json-read-from-string out))
             (latest (cdr (assoc 'num json-assoc))))
        (when (/= xkcd-latest latest)
          (+xkcd-db-write json-assoc)
          (with-current-buffer (find-file xkcd-cache-latest)
            (setq xkcd-latest latest)
            (insert (number-to-string latest))
            (kill-buffer (current-buffer)))))
      (shell-command (format "touch %s" xkcd-cache-latest))))

  (defvar +xkcd-stored-info (make-hash-table :test 'eql)
    "Basic info on downloaded xkcds, in the form of a hashtable")

  (defadvice! xkcd-get-json--and-cache (url &optional num)
    "Fetch the Json coming from URL.
If the file NUM.json exists, use it instead.
If NUM is 0, always download from URL.
The return value is a string."
    :override #'xkcd-get-json
    (let* ((file (format "%s%d.json" xkcd-cache-dir num))
           (cached (and (file-exists-p file) (not (eq num 0))))
           (out (with-current-buffer (if cached
                                         (find-file file)
                                       (url-retrieve-synchronously url))
                  (goto-char (point-min))
                  (unless cached (re-search-forward "^$"))
                      (buffer-substring-no-properties (point) (point-max))
                    (kill-buffer (current-buffer))))))
      (unless (or cached (eq num 0))
        (xkcd-cache-json num out))

  (defadvice! +xkcd-get (num)
    "Get the xkcd number NUM."
    :override 'xkcd-get
    (interactive "nEnter comic number: ")
    (get-buffer-create "*xkcd*")
    (switch-to-buffer "*xkcd*")
    (let (buffer-read-only)
      (setq xkcd-cur num)
      (let* ((xkcd-data (+xkcd-fetch-info num))
             (num (plist-get xkcd-data :num))
             (img (plist-get xkcd-data :img))
             (safe-title (plist-get xkcd-data :safe-title))
             (alt (plist-get xkcd-data :alt))
             title file)
        (message "Getting comic...")
        (setq file (xkcd-download img num))
        (setq title (format "%d: %s" num safe-title))
        (insert (propertize title
                            'face 'outline-1))
        (insert "\n")
        (xkcd-insert-image file num)
        (if (eq xkcd-cur 0)
            (setq xkcd-cur num))
        (setq xkcd-alt alt)
        (message "%s" title))))

  (defconst +xkcd-db--sqlite-available-p
    (with-demoted-errors "+org-xkcd initialization: %S"

  (defvar +xkcd-db--connection (make-hash-table :test #'equal)
    "Database connection to +org-xkcd database.")

  (defun +xkcd-db--get ()
    "Return the sqlite db file."
    (expand-file-name "xkcd.db" xkcd-cache-dir))

  (defun +xkcd-db--get-connection ()
    "Return the database connection, if any."
    (gethash (file-truename xkcd-cache-dir)

  (defconst +xkcd-db--table-schema
       [(num integer :unique :primary-key)
        (year        :not-null)
        (month       :not-null)
        (link        :not-null)
        (news        :not-null)
        (safe_title  :not-null)
        (title       :not-null)
        (transcript  :not-null)
        (alt         :not-null)
        (img         :not-null)])))

  (defun +xkcd-db--init (db)
    "Initialize database DB with the correct schema and user version."
    (emacsql-with-transaction db
      (pcase-dolist (`(,table . ,schema) +xkcd-db--table-schema)
        (emacsql db [:create-table $i1 $S2] table schema))))

  (defun +xkcd-db ()
    "Entrypoint to the +org-xkcd sqlite database.
Initializes and stores the database, and the database connection.
Performs a database upgrade when required."
    (unless (and (+xkcd-db--get-connection)
                 (emacsql-live-p (+xkcd-db--get-connection)))
      (let* ((db-file (+xkcd-db--get))
             (init-db (not (file-exists-p db-file))))
        (make-directory (file-name-directory db-file) t)
        (let ((conn (emacsql-sqlite db-file)))
          (set-process-query-on-exit-flag (emacsql-process conn) nil)
          (puthash (file-truename xkcd-cache-dir)
          (when init-db
            (+xkcd-db--init conn)))))

  (defun +xkcd-db-query (sql &rest args)
    "Run SQL query on +org-xkcd database with ARGS.
SQL can be either the emacsql vector representation, or a string."
    (if  (stringp sql)
        (emacsql (+xkcd-db) (apply #'format sql args))
      (apply #'emacsql (+xkcd-db) sql args)))

  (defun +xkcd-db-read (num)
    (when-let ((res
                (car (+xkcd-db-query [:select * :from xkcds
                                      :where (= num $s1)]
                                     :limit 1))))
      (+xkcd-db-list-to-plist res)))

  (defun +xkcd-db-read-all ()
    (let ((xkcd-table (make-hash-table :test 'eql :size 4000)))
      (mapcar (lambda (xkcd-info-list)
                (puthash (car xkcd-info-list) (+xkcd-db-list-to-plist xkcd-info-list) xkcd-table))
              (+xkcd-db-query [:select * :from xkcds]))

  (defun +xkcd-db-list-to-plist (xkcd-datalist)
    `(:num ,(nth 0 xkcd-datalist)
      :year ,(nth 1 xkcd-datalist)
      :month ,(nth 2 xkcd-datalist)
      :link ,(nth 3 xkcd-datalist)
      :news ,(nth 4 xkcd-datalist)
      :safe-title ,(nth 5 xkcd-datalist)
      :title ,(nth 6 xkcd-datalist)
      :transcript ,(nth 7 xkcd-datalist)
      :alt ,(nth 8 xkcd-datalist)
      :img ,(nth 9 xkcd-datalist)))

  (defun +xkcd-db-write (data)
    (+xkcd-db-query [:insert-into xkcds
                     :values $v1]
                    (list (vector
                           (cdr (assoc 'num        data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'year       data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'month      data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'link       data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'news       data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'safe_title data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'title      data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'transcript data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'alt        data))
                           (cdr (assoc 'img        data))

3.5.2. Selectric

Every so often, you want everyone else to know that you’re typing, or just to amuse oneself. Introducing: typewriter sounds!

Emacs Lisp
(package! selectric-mode :pin "1840de71f7414b7cd6ce425747c8e26a413233aa")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! selectic-mode
  :commands selectic-mode)

3.5.3. Wttrin

Hey, let’s get the weather in here while we’re at it. Unfortunately this seems slightly unmaintained (few open bugfix PRs) so let’s roll our own version.

Emacs Lisp
(package! wttrin :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/wttrin"))
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! wttrin
  :commands wttrin)

3.5.4. Spray

Why not flash words on the screen. Why not — hey, it could be fun.

Emacs Lisp
(package! spray :pin "74d9dcfa2e8b38f96a43de9ab0eb13364300cb46")

It would be nice if Spray’s default speed suited me better, and the keybindings worked in evil mode. Let’s do that and make the display slightly nicer while we’re at it.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! spray
  :commands spray-mode
  (setq spray-wpm 600
        spray-height 800)
  (defun spray-mode-hide-cursor ()
    "Hide or unhide the cursor as is appropriate."
    (if spray-mode
        (setq-local spray--last-evil-cursor-state evil-normal-state-cursor
                    evil-normal-state-cursor '(nil))
      (setq-local evil-normal-state-cursor spray--last-evil-cursor-state)))
  (add-hook 'spray-mode-hook #'spray-mode-hide-cursor)
  (map! :map spray-mode-map
        "<return>" #'spray-start/stop
        "f" #'spray-faster
        "s" #'spray-slower
        "t" #'spray-time
        "<right>" #'spray-forward-word
        "h" #'spray-forward-word
        "<left>" #'spray-backward-word
        "l" #'spray-backward-word
        "q" #'spray-quit))

3.5.5. Elcord

What’s even the point of using Emacs unless you’re constantly telling everyone about it?

Emacs Lisp
(package! elcord :pin "70fd716e673b724b30b921f4cfa0033f9c02d0f2")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! elcord
  :commands elcord-mode
  (setq elcord-use-major-mode-as-main-icon t))

3.6. File types

3.6.1. Authinfo

My patch giving my patch giving authinfo-mode syntax highlighting is only available in Emacs28+. For older versions, I’ve got a package I can use.

Emacs Lisp
(package! authinfo-color-mode
  :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/authinfo-color-mode"))

Now we just need to load it appropriately.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! authinfo-color-mode
  :mode ("authinfo.gpg\\'" . authinfo-color-mode)
  :init (advice-add 'authinfo-mode :override #'authinfo-color-mode))

3.6.2. Systemd

For editing systemd unit files

Emacs Lisp
(package! systemd :pin "b6ae63a236605b1c5e1069f7d3afe06ae32a7bae")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! systemd
  :defer t)

4. Applications

4.1. Ebooks


For managing my ebooks, I’ll hook into the well-established ebook library manager calibre. A number of Emacs clients for this exist, but this seems like a good option.

Emacs Lisp
(package! calibredb :pin "8a6148a264e5e57e11824a238ae7b92bb3b6c9ab")

Then for reading them, the only currently viable options seems to be nov.el.

Emacs Lisp
(package! nov :pin "8f5b42e9d9f304b422c1a7918b43ee323a7d3532")

Together these should give me a rather good experience reading ebooks.

calibredb lets us use calibre through Emacs, because who wouldn’t want to use something through Emacs?

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! calibredb
  :commands calibredb
  (setq calibredb-root-dir "~/Desktop/TEC/Other/Ebooks"
        calibredb-db-dir (expand-file-name "metadata.db" calibredb-root-dir))
  (map! :map calibredb-show-mode-map
        :ne "?" #'calibredb-entry-dispatch
        :ne "o" #'calibredb-find-file
        :ne "O" #'calibredb-find-file-other-frame
        :ne "V" #'calibredb-open-file-with-default-tool
        :ne "s" #'calibredb-set-metadata-dispatch
        :ne "e" #'calibredb-export-dispatch
        :ne "q" #'calibredb-entry-quit
        :ne "." #'calibredb-open-dired
        :ne [tab] #'calibredb-toggle-view-at-point
        :ne "M-t" #'calibredb-set-metadata--tags
        :ne "M-a" #'calibredb-set-metadata--author_sort
        :ne "M-A" #'calibredb-set-metadata--authors
        :ne "M-T" #'calibredb-set-metadata--title
        :ne "M-c" #'calibredb-set-metadata--comments)
  (map! :map calibredb-search-mode-map
        :ne [mouse-3] #'calibredb-search-mouse
        :ne "RET" #'calibredb-find-file
        :ne "?" #'calibredb-dispatch
        :ne "a" #'calibredb-add
        :ne "A" #'calibredb-add-dir
        :ne "c" #'calibredb-clone
        :ne "d" #'calibredb-remove
        :ne "D" #'calibredb-remove-marked-items
        :ne "j" #'calibredb-next-entry
        :ne "k" #'calibredb-previous-entry
        :ne "l" #'calibredb-virtual-library-list
        :ne "L" #'calibredb-library-list
        :ne "n" #'calibredb-virtual-library-next
        :ne "N" #'calibredb-library-next
        :ne "p" #'calibredb-virtual-library-previous
        :ne "P" #'calibredb-library-previous
        :ne "s" #'calibredb-set-metadata-dispatch
        :ne "S" #'calibredb-switch-library
        :ne "o" #'calibredb-find-file
        :ne "O" #'calibredb-find-file-other-frame
        :ne "v" #'calibredb-view
        :ne "V" #'calibredb-open-file-with-default-tool
        :ne "." #'calibredb-open-dired
        :ne "b" #'calibredb-catalog-bib-dispatch
        :ne "e" #'calibredb-export-dispatch
        :ne "r" #'calibredb-search-refresh-and-clear-filter
        :ne "R" #'calibredb-search-clear-filter
        :ne "q" #'calibredb-search-quit
        :ne "m" #'calibredb-mark-and-forward
        :ne "f" #'calibredb-toggle-favorite-at-point
        :ne "x" #'calibredb-toggle-archive-at-point
        :ne "h" #'calibredb-toggle-highlight-at-point
        :ne "u" #'calibredb-unmark-and-forward
        :ne "i" #'calibredb-edit-annotation
        :ne "DEL" #'calibredb-unmark-and-backward
        :ne [backtab] #'calibredb-toggle-view
        :ne [tab] #'calibredb-toggle-view-at-point
        :ne "M-n" #'calibredb-show-next-entry
        :ne "M-p" #'calibredb-show-previous-entry
        :ne "/" #'calibredb-search-live-filter
        :ne "M-t" #'calibredb-set-metadata--tags
        :ne "M-a" #'calibredb-set-metadata--author_sort
        :ne "M-A" #'calibredb-set-metadata--authors
        :ne "M-T" #'calibredb-set-metadata--title
        :ne "M-c" #'calibredb-set-metadata--comments))

Then, to actually read the ebooks we use nov.

Excerpt of the GNU Emacs manual viewed through nov.el
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! nov
  :mode ("\\.epub\\'" . nov-mode)
  (map! :map nov-mode-map
        :n "RET" #'nov-scroll-up)

  (defun doom-modeline-segment--nov-info ()
     " "
      (cdr (assoc 'creator nov-metadata))
      'face 'doom-modeline-project-parent-dir)
     " "
     (cdr (assoc 'title nov-metadata))
     " "
      (format "%d/%d"
              (1+ nov-documents-index)
              (length nov-documents))
      'face 'doom-modeline-info)))

  (advice-add 'nov-render-title :override #'ignore)

  (defun +nov-mode-setup ()
    (face-remap-add-relative 'variable-pitch
                             :family "Merriweather"
                             :height 1.4
                             :width 'semi-expanded)
    (face-remap-add-relative 'default :height 1.3)
    (setq-local line-spacing 0.2
                next-screen-context-lines 4
                shr-use-colors nil)
    (require 'visual-fill-column nil t)
    (setq-local visual-fill-column-center-text t
                visual-fill-column-width 81
                nov-text-width 80)
    (visual-fill-column-mode 1)
    (hl-line-mode -1)

    (add-to-list '+lookup-definition-functions #'+lookup/dictionary-definition)

    (setq-local mode-line-format
                    " %P "
                    'face 'doom-modeline-buffer-minor-mode)
                    " "
                    'face (if (doom-modeline--active) 'mode-line 'mode-line-inactive)
                    'display `((space
                                (- (+ right right-fringe right-margin)
                                   ,(* (let ((width (doom-modeline--font-width)))
                                         (or (and (= width 1) 1)
                                             (/ width (frame-char-width) 1.0)))
                                        (format-mode-line (cons "" '(:eval (doom-modeline-segment--major-mode))))))))))
                  (:eval (doom-modeline-segment--major-mode)))))

  (add-hook 'nov-mode-hook #'+nov-mode-setup))

4.2. Calculator

Emacs includes the venerable calc, which is a pretty impressive RPN (Reverse Polish Notation) calculator. However, we can do a bit to improve the experience.

4.2.1. Defaults

Any sane person prefers radians and exact values.

Emacs Lisp
(setq calc-angle-mode 'rad  ; radians are rad
      calc-symbolic-mode t) ; keeps expressions like \sqrt{2} irrational for as long as possible

4.2.2. CalcTeX

Everybody knows that mathematical expressions look best with LaTeX, so calc’s ability to create LaTeX representations of its expressions provides a lovely opportunity which is taken advantage of in the CalcTeX package.

Emacs Lisp
(package! calctex :recipe (:host github :repo "johnbcoughlin/calctex"
                           :files ("*.el" "calctex/*.el" "calctex-contrib/*.el" "org-calctex/*.el" "vendor"))
  :pin "67a2e76847a9ea9eff1f8e4eb37607f84b380ebb")
Demonstration of calc, prettified by calctex.

We’d like to use CalcTeX too, so let’s set that up, and fix some glaring inadequacies — why on earth would you commit a hard-coded path to an executable that only works on your local machine, consequently breaking the package for everyone else!?

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! calctex
  :commands calctex-mode
  (add-hook 'calc-mode-hook #'calctex-mode)
  (setq calctex-additional-latex-packages "
        (concat calctex-additional-latex-macros
  (defadvice! no-messaging-a (orig-fn &rest args)
    :around #'calctex-default-dispatching-render-process
    (let ((inhibit-message t) message-log-max)
      (apply orig-fn args)))
  ;; Fix hardcoded dvichop path (whyyyyyyy)
  (let ((vendor-folder (concat (file-truename doom-local-dir)
                               (format "build-%s" emacs-version)
    (setq calctex-dvichop-sty (concat vendor-folder "texd/dvichop")
          calctex-dvichop-bin (concat vendor-folder "texd/dvichop")))
  (unless (file-exists-p calctex-dvichop-bin)
    (message "CalcTeX: Building dvichop binary")
    (let ((default-directory (file-name-directory calctex-dvichop-bin)))
      (call-process "make" nil nil nil))))

4.2.3. Embedded calc

Embedded calc is a lovely feature which let’s us use calc to operate on LaTeX maths expressions. The standard keybinding is a bit janky however (C-x * e), so we’ll add a localleader-based alternative.

Emacs Lisp
(map! :map calc-mode-map
      :after calc
      :desc "Embedded calc (toggle)" "e" #'calc-embedded)
(map! :map org-mode-map
      :after org
      :desc "Embedded calc (toggle)" "E" #'calc-embedded)
(map! :map latex-mode-map
      :after latex
      :desc "Embedded calc (toggle)" "e" #'calc-embedded)

Unfortunately this operates without the (rather informative) calculator and trail buffers, but we can advice it that we would rather like those in a side panel.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar calc-embedded-trail-window nil)
(defvar calc-embedded-calculator-window nil)

(defadvice! calc-embedded-with-side-pannel (&rest _)
  :after #'calc-do-embedded
  (when calc-embedded-trail-window
      (delete-window calc-embedded-trail-window))
    (setq calc-embedded-trail-window nil))
  (when calc-embedded-calculator-window
      (delete-window calc-embedded-calculator-window))
    (setq calc-embedded-calculator-window nil))
  (when (and calc-embedded-info
             (> (* (window-width) (window-height)) 1200))
    (let ((main-window (selected-window))
          (vertical-p (> (window-width) 80)))
       (setq calc-embedded-trail-window
             (if vertical-p
                 (split-window-horizontally (- (max 30 (/ (window-width) 3))))
               (split-window-vertically (- (max 8 (/ (window-height) 4)))))))
      (switch-to-buffer "*Calc Trail*")
       (setq calc-embedded-calculator-window
             (if vertical-p
                 (split-window-vertically -6)
               (split-window-horizontally (- (/ (window-width) 2))))))
      (switch-to-buffer "*Calculator*")
      (select-window main-window))))

4.3. IRC

circe is a client for IRC in Emacs (hey, isn’t that a nice project name+acronym), and a greek enchantress who turned humans into animals.

Let’s use the former to chat to recluses discerning individuals online.

Team Chat

Before we start seeing and sending messages, we need to authenticate with our IRC servers. The circe manual provided a snippet for putting some of the auth details in .authinfo.gpg — but I think we should go further than that: have the entire server info in our authinfo.

First, a reasonable format by which we can specify:

  • server
  • port
  • SASL username
  • SASL password
  • channels to join

We can have these stored like so

machine login USERNAME password PASSWORD port PORT for irc channels emacs,org-mode

The for irc bit is used so we can uniquely identify all IRC auth info. By omitting the # in channel names we can have a list of channels comma-separated (no space!) which the secrets API will return as a single string.

irc-authinfo-readerEmacs Lisp
(defun auth-server-pass (server)
  (if-let ((secret (plist-get (car (auth-source-search :host server)) :secret)))
      (if (functionp secret)
          (funcall secret) secret)
    (error "Could not fetch password for host %s" server)))

(defun register-irc-auths ()
  (require 'circe)
  (require 'dash)
  (let ((accounts (-filter (lambda (a) (string= "irc" (plist-get a :for)))
                           (auth-source-search :require '(:for) :max 10))))
    (appendq! circe-network-options
              (mapcar (lambda (entry)
                        (let* ((host (plist-get entry :host))
                               (label (or (plist-get entry :label) host))
                               (_ports (mapcar #'string-to-number
                                               (s-split "," (plist-get entry :port))))
                               (port (if (= 1 (length _ports)) (car _ports) _ports))
                               (user (plist-get entry :user))
                               (nick (or (plist-get entry :nick) user))
                               (channels (mapcar (lambda (c) (concat "#" c))
                                                 (s-split "," (plist-get entry :channels)))))
                            :host ,host :port ,port :nick ,nick
                            :sasl-username ,user :sasl-password auth-server-pass
                            :channels ,channels)))

We’ll just call (register-irc-auths) on a hook when we start Circe up.

Now we’re ready to go, let’s actually wire-up Circe, with one or two configuration tweaks.

Emacs Lisp
(after! circe
  (setq-default circe-use-tls t)
  (setq circe-notifications-alert-icon "/usr/share/icons/breeze/actions/24/network-connect.svg"
        lui-logging-directory "~/.emacs.d/.local/etc/irc"
        lui-logging-file-format "{buffer}/%Y/%m-%d.txt"
        circe-format-self-say "{nick:+13s} ┃ {body}")

    '(circe-my-message-face :weight unspecified))




  (defun named-circe-prompt ()
     (concat (propertize (format "%13s > " (circe-nick))
                         'face 'circe-prompt-face)
  (add-hook 'circe-chat-mode-hook #'named-circe-prompt)

  (appendq! all-the-icons-mode-icon-alist
            '((circe-channel-mode all-the-icons-material "message" :face all-the-icons-lblue)
              (circe-server-mode all-the-icons-material "chat_bubble_outline" :face all-the-icons-purple))))


(add-transient-hook! #'=irc (register-irc-auths))

4.3.1. Org-style emphasis

Let’s do our bold, italic, and underline in org-syntax, using IRC control characters.

org-emph-to-ircEmacs Lisp
(defun lui-org-to-irc ()
  "Examine a buffer with simple org-mode formatting, and converts the empasis:
*bold*, /italic/, and _underline_ to IRC semi-standard escape codes.
=code= is converted to inverse (highlighted) text."
  (goto-char (point-min))
  (while (re-search-forward "\\_<\\(?1:[*/_=]\\)\\(?2:[^[:space:]]\\(?:.*?[^[:space:]]\\)?\\)\\1\\_>" nil t)
     (concat (pcase (match-string 1)
               ("*" "")
               ("/" "")
               ("_" "")
               ("=" ""))
             (match-string 2)
             "") nil nil)))

(add-hook 'lui-pre-input-hook #'lui-org-to-irc)

4.3.2. Emojis

Let’s setup Circe to use some emojis

circe-emojisEmacs Lisp
(defun lui-ascii-to-emoji ()
  (goto-char (point-min))
  (while (re-search-forward "\\( \\)?::?\\([^[:space:]:]+\\):\\( \\)?" nil t)
      (match-string 1)
      (or (cdr (assoc (match-string 2) lui-emojis-alist))
          (concat ":" (match-string 2) ":"))
      (match-string 3))
     nil nil)))

(defun lui-emoticon-to-emoji ()
  (dolist (emoticon lui-emoticons-alist)
    (goto-char (point-min))
    (while (re-search-forward (concat " " (car emoticon) "\\( \\)?") nil t)
      (replace-match (concat " "
                             (cdr (assoc (cdr emoticon) lui-emojis-alist))
                             (match-string 1))))))

(define-minor-mode lui-emojify
  "Replace :emojis: and ;) emoticons with unicode emoji chars."
  :global t
  :init-value t
  (if lui-emojify
      (add-hook! lui-pre-input #'lui-ascii-to-emoji #'lui-emoticon-to-emoji)
    (remove-hook! lui-pre-input #'lui-ascii-to-emoji #'lui-emoticon-to-emoji)))

Now, some actual emojis to use.

circe-emoji-alistsEmacs Lisp
(defvar lui-emojis-alist
  '(("grinning"                      . "😀")
    ("smiley"                        . "😃")
    ("smile"                         . "😄")
    ("grin"                          . "😁")
    ("laughing"                      . "😆")
    ("sweat_smile"                   . "😅")
    ("joy"                           . "😂")
    ("rofl"                          . "🤣")
    ("relaxed"                       . "☺️")
    ("blush"                         . "😊")
    ("innocent"                      . "😇")
    ("slight_smile"                  . "🙂")
    ("upside_down"                   . "🙃")
    ("wink"                          . "😉")
    ("relieved"                      . "😌")
    ("heart_eyes"                    . "😍")
    ("yum"                           . "😋")
    ("stuck_out_tongue"              . "😛")
    ("stuck_out_tongue_closed_eyes"  . "😝")
    ("stuck_out_tongue_wink"         . "😜")
    ("zanzy"                         . "🤪")
    ("raised_eyebrow"                . "🤨")
    ("monocle"                       . "🧐")
    ("nerd"                          . "🤓")
    ("cool"                          . "😎")
    ("star_struck"                   . "🤩")
    ("party"                         . "🥳")
    ("smirk"                         . "😏")
    ("unamused"                      . "😒")
    ("disapointed"                   . "😞")
    ("pensive"                       . "😔")
    ("worried"                       . "😟")
    ("confused"                      . "😕")
    ("slight_frown"                  . "🙁")
    ("frown"                         . "☹️")
    ("persevere"                     . "😣")
    ("confounded"                    . "😖")
    ("tired"                         . "😫")
    ("weary"                         . "😩")
    ("pleading"                      . "🥺")
    ("tear"                          . "😢")
    ("cry"                           . "😢")
    ("sob"                           . "😭")
    ("triumph"                       . "😤")
    ("angry"                         . "😠")
    ("rage"                          . "😡")
    ("exploding_head"                . "🤯")
    ("flushed"                       . "😳")
    ("hot"                           . "🥵")
    ("cold"                          . "🥶")
    ("scream"                        . "😱")
    ("fearful"                       . "😨")
    ("disapointed"                   . "😰")
    ("relieved"                      . "😥")
    ("sweat"                         . "😓")
    ("thinking"                      . "🤔")
    ("shush"                         . "🤫")
    ("liar"                          . "🤥")
    ("blank_face"                    . "😶")
    ("neutral"                       . "😐")
    ("expressionless"                . "😑")
    ("grimace"                       . "😬")
    ("rolling_eyes"                  . "🙄")
    ("hushed"                        . "😯")
    ("frowning"                      . "😦")
    ("anguished"                     . "😧")
    ("wow"                           . "😮")
    ("astonished"                    . "😲")
    ("sleeping"                      . "😴")
    ("drooling"                      . "🤤")
    ("sleepy"                        . "😪")
    ("dizzy"                         . "😵")
    ("zipper_mouth"                  . "🤐")
    ("woozy"                         . "🥴")
    ("sick"                          . "🤢")
    ("vomiting"                      . "🤮")
    ("sneeze"                        . "🤧")
    ("mask"                          . "😷")
    ("bandaged_head"                 . "🤕")
    ("money_face"                    . "🤑")
    ("cowboy"                        . "🤠")
    ("imp"                           . "😈")
    ("ghost"                         . "👻")
    ("alien"                         . "👽")
    ("robot"                         . "🤖")
    ("clap"                          . "👏")
    ("thumpup"                       . "👍")
    ("+1"                            . "👍")
    ("thumbdown"                     . "👎")
    ("-1"                            . "👎")
    ("ok"                            . "👌")
    ("pinch"                         . "🤏")
    ("left"                          . "👈")
    ("right"                         . "👉")
    ("down"                          . "👇")
    ("wave"                          . "👋")
    ("pray"                          . "🙏")
    ("eyes"                          . "👀")
    ("brain"                         . "🧠")
    ("facepalm"                      . "🤦")
    ("tada"                          . "🎉")
    ("fire"                          . "🔥")
    ("flying_money"                  . "💸")
    ("lighbulb"                      . "💡")
    ("heart"                         . "❤️")
    ("sparkling_heart"               . "💖")
    ("heartbreak"                    . "💔")
    ("100"                           . "💯")))

(defvar lui-emoticons-alist
  '((":)"   . "slight_smile")
    (";)"   . "wink")
    (":D"   . "smile")
    ("=D"   . "grin")
    ("xD"   . "laughing")
    (";("   . "joy")
    (":P"   . "stuck_out_tongue")
    (";D"   . "stuck_out_tongue_wink")
    ("xP"   . "stuck_out_tongue_closed_eyes")
    (":("   . "slight_frown")
    (";("   . "cry")
    (";'("  . "sob")
    (">:("  . "angry")
    (">>:(" . "rage")
    (":o"   . "wow")
    (":O"   . "astonished")
    (":/"   . "confused")
    (":-/"  . "thinking")
    (":|"   . "neutral")
    (":-|"  . "expressionless")))

4.4. Newsfeed

RSS feeds are still a thing. Why not make use of them with elfeed. I really like what fuxialexander has going on, but I don’t think I need a custom module. Let’s just try to patch on the main things I like the look of.

Example elfeed entry

4.4.1. Keybindings

Emacs Lisp
(map! :map elfeed-search-mode-map
      :after elfeed-search
      [remap kill-this-buffer] "q"
      [remap kill-buffer] "q"
      :n doom-leader-key nil
      :n "q" #'+rss/quit
      :n "e" #'elfeed-update
      :n "r" #'elfeed-search-untag-all-unread
      :n "u" #'elfeed-search-tag-all-unread
      :n "s" #'elfeed-search-live-filter
      :n "RET" #'elfeed-search-show-entry
      :n "p" #'elfeed-show-pdf
      :n "+" #'elfeed-search-tag-all
      :n "-" #'elfeed-search-untag-all
      :n "S" #'elfeed-search-set-filter
      :n "b" #'elfeed-search-browse-url
      :n "y" #'elfeed-search-yank)
(map! :map elfeed-show-mode-map
      :after elfeed-show
      [remap kill-this-buffer] "q"
      [remap kill-buffer] "q"
      :n doom-leader-key nil
      :nm "q" #'+rss/delete-pane
      :nm "o" #'ace-link-elfeed
      :nm "RET" #'org-ref-elfeed-add
      :nm "n" #'elfeed-show-next
      :nm "N" #'elfeed-show-prev
      :nm "p" #'elfeed-show-pdf
      :nm "+" #'elfeed-show-tag
      :nm "-" #'elfeed-show-untag
      :nm "s" #'elfeed-show-new-live-search
      :nm "y" #'elfeed-show-yank)

4.4.2. Usability enhancements

Emacs Lisp
(after! elfeed-search
  (set-evil-initial-state! 'elfeed-search-mode 'normal))
(after! elfeed-show-mode
  (set-evil-initial-state! 'elfeed-show-mode   'normal))

(after! evil-snipe
  (push 'elfeed-show-mode   evil-snipe-disabled-modes)
  (push 'elfeed-search-mode evil-snipe-disabled-modes))

4.4.3. Visual enhancements

Emacs Lisp
(after! elfeed

  (use-package! elfeed-link)

  (setq elfeed-search-filter "@1-week-ago +unread"
        elfeed-search-print-entry-function '+rss/elfeed-search-print-entry
        elfeed-search-title-min-width 80
        elfeed-show-entry-switch #'pop-to-buffer
        elfeed-show-entry-delete #'+rss/delete-pane
        elfeed-show-refresh-function #'+rss/elfeed-show-refresh--better-style
        shr-max-image-proportion 0.6)

  (add-hook! 'elfeed-show-mode-hook (hide-mode-line-mode 1))
  (add-hook! 'elfeed-search-update-hook #'hide-mode-line-mode)

  (defface elfeed-show-title-face '((t (:weight ultrabold :slant italic :height 1.5)))
    "title face in elfeed show buffer"
    :group 'elfeed)
  (defface elfeed-show-author-face `((t (:weight light)))
    "title face in elfeed show buffer"
    :group 'elfeed)
  (set-face-attribute 'elfeed-search-title-face nil
                      :foreground 'nil
                      :weight 'light)

  (defadvice! +rss-elfeed-wrap-h-nicer ()
    "Enhances an elfeed entry's readability by wrapping it to a width of
`fill-column' and centering it with `visual-fill-column-mode'."
    :override #'+rss-elfeed-wrap-h
    (setq-local truncate-lines nil
                shr-width 120
                visual-fill-column-center-text t
                default-text-properties '(line-height 1.1))
    (let ((inhibit-read-only t)
          (inhibit-modification-hooks t))
      ;; (setq-local shr-current-font '(:family "Merriweather" :height 1.2))
      (set-buffer-modified-p nil)))

  (defun +rss/elfeed-search-print-entry (entry)
    "Print ENTRY to the buffer."
    (let* ((elfeed-goodies/tag-column-width 40)
           (elfeed-goodies/feed-source-column-width 30)
           (title (or (elfeed-meta entry :title) (elfeed-entry-title entry) ""))
           (title-faces (elfeed-search--faces (elfeed-entry-tags entry)))
           (feed (elfeed-entry-feed entry))
            (when feed
              (or (elfeed-meta feed :title) (elfeed-feed-title feed))))
           (tags (mapcar #'symbol-name (elfeed-entry-tags entry)))
           (tags-str (concat (mapconcat 'identity tags ",")))
           (title-width (- (window-width) elfeed-goodies/feed-source-column-width
                           elfeed-goodies/tag-column-width 4))

           (tag-column (elfeed-format-column
                        tags-str (elfeed-clamp (length tags-str)
           (feed-column (elfeed-format-column
                         feed-title (elfeed-clamp elfeed-goodies/feed-source-column-width

      (insert (propertize feed-column 'face 'elfeed-search-feed-face) " ")
      (insert (propertize tag-column 'face 'elfeed-search-tag-face) " ")
      (insert (propertize title 'face title-faces 'kbd-help title))
      (setq-local line-spacing 0.2)))

  (defun +rss/elfeed-show-refresh--better-style ()
    "Update the buffer to match the selected entry, using a mail-style."
    (let* ((inhibit-read-only t)
           (title (elfeed-entry-title elfeed-show-entry))
           (date (seconds-to-time (elfeed-entry-date elfeed-show-entry)))
           (author (elfeed-meta elfeed-show-entry :author))
           (link (elfeed-entry-link elfeed-show-entry))
           (tags (elfeed-entry-tags elfeed-show-entry))
           (tagsstr (mapconcat #'symbol-name tags ", "))
           (nicedate (format-time-string "%a, %e %b %Y %T %Z" date))
           (content (elfeed-deref (elfeed-entry-content elfeed-show-entry)))
           (type (elfeed-entry-content-type elfeed-show-entry))
           (feed (elfeed-entry-feed elfeed-show-entry))
           (feed-title (elfeed-feed-title feed))
           (base (and feed (elfeed-compute-base (elfeed-feed-url feed)))))
      (insert "\n")
      (insert (format "%s\n\n" (propertize title 'face 'elfeed-show-title-face)))
      (insert (format "%s\t" (propertize feed-title 'face 'elfeed-search-feed-face)))
      (when (and author elfeed-show-entry-author)
        (insert (format "%s\n" (propertize author 'face 'elfeed-show-author-face))))
      (insert (format "%s\n\n" (propertize nicedate 'face 'elfeed-log-date-face)))
      (when tags
        (insert (format "%s\n"
                        (propertize tagsstr 'face 'elfeed-search-tag-face))))
      ;; (insert (propertize "Link: " 'face 'message-header-name))
      ;; (elfeed-insert-link link link)
      ;; (insert "\n")
      (cl-loop for enclosure in (elfeed-entry-enclosures elfeed-show-entry)
               do (insert (propertize "Enclosure: " 'face 'message-header-name))
               do (elfeed-insert-link (car enclosure))
               do (insert "\n"))
      (insert "\n")
      (if content
          (if (eq type 'html)
              (elfeed-insert-html content base)
            (insert content))
        (insert (propertize "(empty)\n" 'face 'italic)))
      (goto-char (point-min))))


4.4.4. Functionality enhancements

Emacs Lisp
(after! elfeed-show
  (require 'url)

  (defvar elfeed-pdf-dir
    (expand-file-name "pdfs/"
                      (file-name-directory (directory-file-name elfeed-enclosure-default-dir))))

  (defvar elfeed-link-pdfs
    '(("\\([^/]+\\)" . "\\1/v\\1.pdf")
      ("\\([^/]+\\)" . "\\1.pdf"))
    "List of alists of the form (REGEX-FOR-LINK . FORM-FOR-PDF)")

  (defun elfeed-show-pdf (entry)
     (list (or elfeed-show-entry (elfeed-search-selected :ignore-region))))
    (let ((link (elfeed-entry-link entry))
          (feed-name (plist-get (elfeed-feed-meta (elfeed-entry-feed entry)) :title))
          (title (elfeed-entry-title entry))
           (lambda (f)
             (when elfeed-show-entry
             (pop-to-buffer (find-file-noselect f))))

      (let ((file (expand-file-name
                   (concat (subst-char-in-string ?/ ?, title) ".pdf")
                   (expand-file-name (subst-char-in-string ?/ ?, feed-name)
        (if (file-exists-p file)
            (funcall file-view-function file)
          (dolist (link-pdf elfeed-link-pdfs)
            (when (and (string-match-p (car link-pdf) link)
                       (not pdf))
              (setq pdf (replace-regexp-in-string (car link-pdf) (cdr link-pdf) link))))
          (if (not pdf)
              (message "No associated PDF for entry")
            (message "Fetching %s" pdf)
            (unless (file-exists-p (file-name-directory file))
              (make-directory (file-name-directory file) t))
            (url-copy-file pdf file)
            (funcall file-view-function file))))))


4.5. Dictionary

Doom already loads define-word, and provides it’s own definition service using wordnut. However, using an offline dictionary possess a few compelling advantages, namely:

  • speed
  • integration of multiple dictionaries

GoldenDict seems like the best option currently available, but lacks a CLI. Hence, we’ll fall back to sdcv (a CLI version of StarDict) for now. To interface with this, we’ll use a my lexic package.

Screenshot of the lexic-mode view of "literate"
Emacs Lisp
(package! lexic :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/lexic"))

Given that a request for a CLI is the most upvoted issue on GitHub for GoldenDict, it’s likely we’ll be able to switch from sdcv to that in the future.

Since GoldenDict supports StarDict files, I expect this will be a relatively painless switch.

We start off by loading lexic, then we’ll integrate it into pre-existing definition functionality (like +lookup/dictionary-definition).

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! lexic
  :commands lexic-search lexic-list-dictionary
  (map! :map lexic-mode-map
        :n "q" #'lexic-return-from-lexic
        :nv "RET" #'lexic-search-word-at-point
        :n "a" #'outline-show-all
        :n "h" (cmd! (outline-hide-sublevels 3))
        :n "o" #'lexic-toggle-entry
        :n "n" #'lexic-next-entry
        :n "N" (cmd! (lexic-next-entry t))
        :n "p" #'lexic-previous-entry
        :n "P" (cmd! (lexic-previous-entry t))
        :n "E" (cmd! (lexic-return-from-lexic) ; expand
                     (switch-to-buffer (lexic-get-buffer)))
        :n "M" (cmd! (lexic-return-from-lexic) ; minimise
        :n "C-p" #'lexic-search-history-backwards
        :n "C-n" #'lexic-search-history-forwards
        :n "/" (cmd! (call-interactively #'lexic-search))))

Now let’s use this instead of wordnet.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! +lookup/dictionary-definition-lexic (identifier &optional arg)
  "Look up the definition of the word at point (or selection) using `lexic-search'."
  :override #'+lookup/dictionary-definition
   (list (or (doom-thing-at-point-or-region 'word)
             (read-string "Look up in dictionary: "))
  (lexic-search identifier nil nil t))

Lastly, I want to make sure I have some dictionaries set up. I’ve put a tarball of dictionaries online which we can download if none seem to be present on the system.

Shell Script
if [ ! -d "$DIC_FOLDER" ]; then
    TMP="$(mktemp -d /tmp/dict-XXX)"
    cd "$TMP"
    curl -A "Mozilla/4.0" -o "stardict.tar.gz" ""
    tar -xf "stardict.tar.gz"
    rm "stardict.tar.gz"
    mkdir -p "$DIC_FOLDER"
    mv * "$DIC_FOLDER"

4.6. Mail


4.6.1. Fetching

The contenders for this seem to be:

From perusing r/emacs the prevailing opinion seems to be that

  • isync is faster
  • isync works more reliably

So let’s use that.

The config was straightforward, and is located at ~/.mbsyncrc. I’m currently successfully connecting to: Gmail, office365mail, and dovecot. I’m also shoving passwords in my authinfo.gpg and fetching them using PassCmd:

Shell Script
gpg2 -q --for-your-eyes-only --no-tty -d ~/.authinfo.gpg | awk '/machine IMAP_SERCER login EMAIL_ADDR/ {print $NF}'

We can run mbsync -a in a systemd service file or something, but we can do better than that. vsemyonoff/easymail seems like the sort of thing we want, but is written for notmuch unfortunately. We can still use it for inspiration though. Using goimapnotify we should be able to sync just after new mail. Unfortunately this means yet another config file :(

We install with

Shell Script
go get -u
ln -s ~/.local/share/go/bin/goimapnotify ~/.local/bin/

Here’s the general plan:

  1. Use goimapnotify to monitor mailboxes This needs it’s own set of configs, and systemd services, which is a pain. We remove this pain by writing a python script (found below) to setup these config files, and systemd services by parsing the ~/.mbsyncrc file.
  2. On new mail, call mbsync --pull --new ACCOUNT:BOX We try to be as specific as possible, so mbsync returns as soon as possible, and we can get those emails as soon as possible.
  3. Try to call mu index --lazy-fetch. This fails if mu4e is already open (due to a write lock on the database), so in that case we just touch a tmp file (/tmp/mu_reindex_now).
  4. Separately, we set up Emacs to check for the existance of /tmp/mu_reindex_now once a second while mu4e is running, and (after deleting the file) call mu4e-update-index.

Let’s start off by handling the elisp side of things Rebuild mail index while using mu4e
Emacs Lisp
(after! mu4e
  (defvar mu4e-reindex-request-file "/tmp/mu_reindex_now"
    "Location of the reindex request, signaled by existance")
  (defvar mu4e-reindex-request-min-seperation 5.0
    "Don't refresh again until this many second have elapsed.
Prevents a series of redisplays from being called (when set to an appropriate value)")

  (defvar mu4e-reindex-request--file-watcher nil)
  (defvar mu4e-reindex-request--file-just-deleted nil)
  (defvar mu4e-reindex-request--last-time 0)

  (defun mu4e-reindex-request--add-watcher ()
    (setq mu4e-reindex-request--file-just-deleted nil)
    (setq mu4e-reindex-request--file-watcher
          (file-notify-add-watch mu4e-reindex-request-file

  (defadvice! mu4e-stop-watching-for-reindex-request ()
    :after #'mu4e~proc-kill
    (if mu4e-reindex-request--file-watcher
        (file-notify-rm-watch mu4e-reindex-request--file-watcher)))

  (defadvice! mu4e-watch-for-reindex-request ()
    :after #'mu4e~proc-start
    (when (file-exists-p mu4e-reindex-request-file)
      (delete-file mu4e-reindex-request-file))

  (defun mu4e-file-reindex-request (event)
    "Act based on the existance of `mu4e-reindex-request-file'"
    (if mu4e-reindex-request--file-just-deleted
      (when (equal (nth 1 event) 'created)
        (delete-file mu4e-reindex-request-file)
        (setq mu4e-reindex-request--file-just-deleted t)
        (mu4e-reindex-maybe t))))

  (defun mu4e-reindex-maybe (&optional new-request)
    "Run `mu4e~proc-index' if it's been more than
`mu4e-reindex-request-min-seperation'seconds since the last request,"
    (let ((time-since-last-request (- (float-time)
      (when new-request
        (setq mu4e-reindex-request--last-time (float-time)))
      (if (> time-since-last-request mu4e-reindex-request-min-seperation)
          (mu4e~proc-index nil t)
        (when new-request
          (run-at-time (* 1.1 mu4e-reindex-request-min-seperation) nil
                       #'mu4e-reindex-maybe)))))) Config transcoding & service management

As long as the mbsyncrc file exists, this is as easy as running

Shell Script

When run without flags this will perform the following actions

  • Read, and parse ~/.mbsyncrc, specifically recognising the following properties
    • IMAPAccount
    • Host
    • Port
    • User
    • Password
    • PassCmd
    • Patterns
  • Call mbsync --list ACCOUNT, and filter results according to Patterns
  • Construct a imapnotify config for each account, with the following hooks
  • Compare accounts list to previous accounts, enable/disable the relevant systemd services, called with the --now flag (start/stop services as well)

This script also supports the following flags

  • --status to get the status of the relevant systemd services supports active, failing, and disabled
  • --enable to enable all relevant systemd services
  • --disable to disable all relevant systemd services
from pathlib import Path
import json
import re
import shutil
import subprocess
import sys
import fnmatch

mbsyncFile = Path("~/.mbsyncrc").expanduser()

imapnotifyConfigFolder = Path("~/.config/imapnotify/").expanduser()
imapnotifyConfigFilename = "notify.conf"

imapnotifyDefault = {
    "host": "",
    "port": 993,
    "tls": True,
    "tlsOptions": {"rejectUnauthorized": True},
    "onNewMail": "",
    "onNewMailPost": "if mu index --lazy-check; then test -f /tmp/mu_reindex_now && rm /tmp/mu_reindex_now; else touch /tmp/mu_reindex_now; fi",

def stripQuotes(string):
    if string[0] == '"' and string[-1] == '"':
        return string[1:-1].replace('\\"', '"')

mbsyncInotifyMapping = {
    "Host": (str, "host"),
    "Port": (int, "port"),
    "User": (str, "username"),
    "Password": (str, "password"),
    "PassCmd": (stripQuotes, "passwordCmd"),
    "Patterns": (str, "_patterns"),

oldAccounts = [ for d in imapnotifyConfigFolder.iterdir() if d.is_dir()]

currentAccount = ""
currentAccountData = {}

successfulAdditions = []

def processLine(line):
    newAcc = re.match(r"^IMAPAccount ([^#]+)", line)

    linecontent = re.sub(r"(^|[^\\])#.*", "", line).split(" ", 1)
    if len(linecontent) != 2:

    parameter, value = linecontent

    if parameter == "IMAPAccount":
        if currentAccountNumber > 0:
    elif parameter in mbsyncInotifyMapping.keys():
        parser, key = mbsyncInotifyMapping[parameter]
        currentAccountData[key] = parser(value)
    elif parameter == "Channel":
        currentAccountData["onNewMail"] = f"mbsync --pull --new {value}:'%s'"

def newAccount(name):
    global currentAccountNumber
    global currentAccount
    global currentAccountData
    currentAccountNumber += 1
    currentAccount = name
    currentAccountData = {}
    print(f"\n\033[1;32m{currentAccountNumber}\033[0;32m - {name}\033[0;37m")

def accountToFoldername(name):
    return re.sub(r"[^A-Za-z0-9]", "", name)

def finaliseAccount():
    if currentAccountNumber == 0:

    global currentAccountData
        currentAccountData["boxes"] = getMailBoxes(currentAccount)
    except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
            f"\033[1;31mError:\033[0;31m failed to fetch mailboxes (skipping): "
            + f"`{' '.join(e.cmd)}' returned code {e.returncode}\033[0;37m"
    except subprocess.TimeoutExpired as e:
            f"\033[1;31mError:\033[0;31m failed to fetch mailboxes (skipping): "
            + f"`{' '.join(e.cmd)}' timed out after {e.timeout:.2f} seconds\033[0;37m"

    if "_patterns" in currentAccountData:
        currentAccountData["boxes"] = applyPatternFilter(
            currentAccountData["_patterns"], currentAccountData["boxes"]

    # strip not-to-be-exported data
    currentAccountData = {
        k: currentAccountData[k] for k in currentAccountData if k[0] != "_"

    parametersSet = currentAccountData.keys()
    currentAccountData = {**imapnotifyDefault, **currentAccountData}
    for key, val in currentAccountData.items():
        valColor = "\033[0;33m" if key in parametersSet else "\033[0;37m"
        print(f"  \033[1;37m{key:<13} {valColor}{val}\033[0;37m")

    if (
            len(currentAccountData["boxes"]) > 15
            and "" in currentAccountData["username"]
            "  \033[1;31mWarning:\033[0;31m Gmail raises an error when more than"
            + "\033[1;31m15\033[0;31m simultanious connections are attempted."
            + "\n           You are attempting to monitor "
            + f"\033[1;31m{len(currentAccountData['boxes'])}\033[0;31m mailboxes.\033[0;37m"

    configFile = (
        / accountToFoldername(currentAccount)
        / imapnotifyConfigFilename

    json.dump(currentAccountData, open(configFile, "w"), indent=2)
    print(f" \033[0;35mConfig generated and saved to {configFile}\033[0;37m")

    global successfulAdditions

def getMailBoxes(account):
    boxes =
        ["mbsync", "--list", account], check=True, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, timeout=10.0
    return boxes.stdout.decode("utf-8").strip().split("\n")

def applyPatternFilter(pattern, mailboxes):
    patternRegexs = getPatternRegexes(pattern)
    return [m for m in mailboxes if testPatternRegexs(patternRegexs, m)]

def getPatternRegexes(pattern):
    def addGlob(b):
        blobs.append(b.replace('\\"', '"'))
        return ""

    blobs = []
    pattern = re.sub(r' ?"([^"]+)"', lambda m: addGlob(m.groups()[0]), pattern)
    blobs.extend(pattern.split(" "))
    blobs = [
        (-1, fnmatch.translate(b[1::])) if b[0] == "!" else (1, fnmatch.translate(b))
        for b in blobs
    return blobs

def testPatternRegexs(regexCond, case):
    for factor, regex in regexCond:
        if factor * bool(re.match(regex, case)) < 0:
            return False
    return True

def processSystemdServices():
    keptAccounts = [acc for acc in successfulAdditions if acc in oldAccounts]
    freshAccounts = [acc for acc in successfulAdditions if acc not in oldAccounts]
    staleAccounts = [acc for acc in oldAccounts if acc not in successfulAdditions]

    if keptAccounts:
        print(f"\033[1;34m{len(keptAccounts)}\033[0;34m kept accounts:\033[0;37m")

    if freshAccounts:
        print(f"\033[1;32m{len(freshAccounts)}\033[0;32m new accounts:\033[0;37m")
        print(f"\033[0;32mNo new accounts.\033[0;37m")

    notActuallyEnabledAccounts = [
        acc for acc in successfulAdditions if not getAccountServiceState(acc)["enabled"]
    if notActuallyEnabledAccounts:
            f"\033[1;32m{len(notActuallyEnabledAccounts)}\033[0;32m accounts need re-enabling:\033[0;37m"

    if staleAccounts:
        print(f"\033[1;33m{len(staleAccounts)}\033[0;33m removed accounts:\033[0;37m")
        print(f"\033[0;33mNo removed accounts.\033[0;37m")

def enableAccountSystemdServices(accounts):
    for account in accounts:
        print(f" \033[0;32m - \033[1;37m{account:<18}", end="\033[0;37m", flush=True)
        if setSystemdServiceState(
                "enable", f"goimapnotify@{accountToFoldername(account)}.service"
            print("\033[1;32m enabled")

def disableAccountSystemdServices(accounts):
    for account in accounts:
        print(f" \033[0;33m - \033[1;37m{account:<18}", end="\033[0;37m", flush=True)
        if setSystemdServiceState(
                "disable", f"goimapnotify@{accountToFoldername(account)}.service"
            print("\033[1;33m disabled")

def restartAccountSystemdServices(accounts):
    for account in accounts:
        print(f" \033[0;34m - \033[1;37m{account:<18}", end="\033[0;37m", flush=True)
        if setSystemdServiceState(
                "restart", f"goimapnotify@{accountToFoldername(account)}.service"
            print("\033[1;34m restarted")

def setSystemdServiceState(state, service):
        enabler =
            ["systemctl", "--user", state, service, "--now"],
        return True
    except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
            f" \033[1;31mfailed\033[0;31m to {state}, `{' '.join(e.cmd)}'"
            + f"returned code {e.returncode}\033[0;37m"
    except subprocess.TimeoutExpired as e:
        print(f" \033[1;31mtimed out after {e.timeout:.2f} seconds\033[0;37m")
        return False

def getAccountServiceState(account):
    return {
        state: bool(
        for state in ("enabled", "active", "failing")

def getAccountServiceStates(accounts):
    for account in accounts:
        enabled, active, failing = getAccountServiceState(account).values()
        print(f"  - \033[1;37m{account:<18}\033[0;37m ", end="", flush=True)
        if not enabled:
        elif active:
        elif failing:
            print("\033[1;35min an unrecognised state\033[0;37m")

if len(sys.argv) > 1:
    if sys.argv[1]   in ["-e", "--enable"]:
    elif sys.argv[1] in ["-d", "--disable"]:
    elif sys.argv[1] in ["-r", "--restart"]:
    elif sys.argv[1] in ["-s", "--status"]:
    elif sys.argv[1] in ["-h", "--help"]:
        print("""\033[1;37mMbsync to IMAP Notify config generator.\033[0;37m

Usage: mbsync-imapnotify [options]

    -e, --enable       enable all services
    -d, --disable      disable all services
    -r, --restart      restart all services
    -s, --status       fetch the status for all services
    -h, --help         show this help
""", end='')
        print(f"\033[0;31mFlag {sys.argv[1]} not recognised, try --help\033[0;37m")

mbsyncData = open(mbsyncFile, "r").read()

currentAccountNumber = 0

totalAccounts = len(re.findall(r"^IMAPAccount", mbsyncData, re.M))

def main():
    print("\033[1;34m:: MbSync to Go IMAP notify config file creator ::\033[0;37m")

    print("\033[1;30mImap Notify config dir purged\033[0;37m")

    print(f"Identified \033[1;32m{totalAccounts}\033[0;32m accounts.\033[0;37m")

    for line in mbsyncData.split("\n"):


        f"\nConfig files generated for \033[1;36m{len(successfulAdditions)}\033[0;36m"
        + f" out of \033[1;36m{totalAccounts}\033[0;37m accounts.\n"


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main() Systemd

We then have a service file to run goimapnotify on all of these generated config files. We’ll use a template service file so we can enable a unit per-account.

Description=IMAP notifier using IDLE, golang version.

ExecStart=%h/.local/bin/goimapnotify -conf %h/.config/imapnotify/%I/notify.conf


Enabling the service is actually taken care of by that python script.

From one or two small tests, this can bring the delay down to as low as five seconds, which I’m quite happy with.

This works well for fetching new mail, but we also want to propagate other changes (e.g. marking mail as read), and make sure we’re up to date at the start, so for that I’ll do the ’normal’ thing and run mbsync -all every so often — let’s say five minutes.

We can accomplish this via a systemd timer, and service file.

Description=call mbsync on all accounts every 5 minutes


Description=mbsync service, sync all mail

ExecStart=/usr/bin/mbsync -c %h/.mbsyncrc --all


Enabling (and starting) this is as simple as

Shell Script
systemctl --user enable mbsync.timer --now

4.6.2. Indexing/Searching

This is performed by Mu. This is a tool for finding emails stored in the Maildir format. According to the homepage, it’s main features are

  • Fast indexing
  • Good searching
  • Support for encrypted and signed messages
  • Rich CLI tooling
  • accent/case normalisation
  • strong integration with email clients

Unfortunately mu is not currently packaged from me. Oh well, I guess I’m building it from source then. I needed to install these packages

  • gmime-devel
  • xapian-core-devel
Install mu from sourceShell Script
cd ~/.local/lib/
git clone
cd ./mu
sudo make install

To check how my version compares to the latest published:

Shell Script
curl --silent "" | grep '"tag_name":' | sed -E 's/.*"([^"]+)".*/\1/'
mu --version | head -n 1 | sed 's/.* version //'

4.6.3. Sending

SmtpMail seems to be the ’default’ starting point, but that’s not packaged for me. msmtp is however, so I’ll give that a shot. Reading around a bit (googling “msmtp vs sendmail” for example) almost every comparison mentioned seems to suggest msmtp to be a better choice. I have seen the following points raised

  • sendmail has several vulnerabilities
  • sendmail is tedious to configure
  • ssmtp is no longer maintained
  • msmtp is a maintained alternative to ssmtp
  • msmtp is easier to configure

The config file is ~/.config/msmtp/config. System hackery

Unfortunately, I seem to have run into a bug present in my packaged version, so we’ll just install the latest from source.

For full use of the auth options, I need GNU SASL, which isn’t packaged for me. I don’t think I want it, but in case I do, I’ll need to do this.

Install gsasl from sourceShell Script
export GSASL_VERSION=1.8.1
cd ~/.local/lib/
curl "$GSASL_VERSION.tar.gz" | tar xz
curl "$GSASL_VERSION.tar.gz" | tar xz
cd "./libgsasl-$GSASL_VERSION"
sudo make install
cd ..
cd "./gsasl-$VERSION"
sudo make install
cd ..

Now actually compile msmtp.

Install msmtp from sourceShell Script
cd ~/.local/lib/
git clone ./msmtp
cd ./msmtp
libtoolize --force
automake --force-missing --add-missing
# if using GSASL
# PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig ./configure --with-libgsasl
sudo make install

If using GSASL (from earlier) we need to make ensure that the dynamic library in in the library path. We can do by adding an executable with the same name earlier on in my $PATH.

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib exec /usr/local/bin/msmtp "$@"

4.6.4. Mu4e

Webmail clients are nice and all, but I still don’t believe that SPAs in my browser can replaced desktop apps … sorry Gmail. I’m also liking google less and less.

Mailspring is a decent desktop client, quite lightweight for electron (apparently the backend is in C, which probably helps), however I miss Emacs stuff.

While Notmuch seems very promising, and I’ve heard good things about it, it doesn’t seem to make any changes to the emails themselves. All data is stored in Notmuch’s database. While this is a very interesting model, occasionally I need to pull up an email on say my phone, and so not I want the tagging/folders etc. to be applied to the mail itself — not stored in a database.

On the other hand Mu4e is also talked about a lot in positive terms, and seems to possess a similarly strong feature set — and modifies the mail itself (I.e. information is accessible without the database). Mu4e also seems to have a large user base, which tends to correlate with better support and attention.

As I installed mu4e from source, I need to add the /usr/local/ loadpath so Mu4e has a chance of loading

Emacs Lisp
(add-to-list 'load-path "/usr/local/share/emacs/site-lisp/mu4e")

Alternatively, I may need to add the /usr/share/ path.

Emacs Lisp
(add-to-list 'load-path "/usr/share/emacs/site-lisp/mu4e")

Let’s also just shove all the Elisp code here in an (after! ...) block.

Emacs Lisp
(after! mu4e
) Viewing Mail

There seem to be some advantages with using Gnus’ article view (such as inline images), and judging from djcb/mu!1442 (comment) this seems to be the ’way of the future’ for mu4e.

There are some all-the-icons font related issues, so we need to redefine the fancy chars, and make sure they get the correct width.

To account for the increase width of each flag character, and make perform a few more visual tweaks, we’ll tweak the headers a bit

Emacs Lisp
(setq mu4e-headers-fields
      '((:flags . 6)
        (:account-stripe . 2)
        (:from-or-to . 25)
        (:folder . 10)
        (:recipnum . 2)
        (:subject . 80)
        (:human-date . 8))
      +mu4e-min-header-frame-width 142
      mu4e-headers-date-format "%d/%m/%y"
      mu4e-headers-time-format "⧖ %H:%M"
      mu4e-headers-results-limit 1000
      mu4e-index-cleanup t)

(add-to-list 'mu4e-bookmarks
             '(:name "Yesterday's messages" :query "date:2d..1d" :key ?y) t)

(defvar +mu4e-header--folder-colors nil)
(appendq! mu4e-header-info-custom
          '((:folder .
             (:name "Folder" :shortname "Folder" :help "Lowest level folder" :function
              (lambda (msg)
                 (replace-regexp-in-string "\\`.*/" "" (mu4e-message-field msg :maildir))

We’ll also use a nicer alert icon

Emacs Lisp
(setq mu4e-alert-icon "/usr/share/icons/Papirus/64x64/apps/evolution.svg") Sending Mail

Let’s send emails too.

Emacs Lisp
(setq sendmail-program "/usr/bin/msmtp"
      send-mail-function #'smtpmail-send-it
      message-sendmail-f-is-evil t
      message-sendmail-extra-arguments '("--read-envelope-from"); , "--read-recipients")
      message-send-mail-function #'message-send-mail-with-sendmail)

It’s also nice to avoid accidentally sending emails with the wrong account. If we can send from the address in the To field, let’s do that. Opening a prompt otherwise also seems sensible.

We can register Emacs as a potential email client with a desktop file. We could put an emacsclient ... entry in the Exec field, but I’ve found this a bit dodgy. Instead let’s package the emacslient behaviour in a little executable ~/.local/bin/emacsmail.

Shell Script
emacsclient -create-frame --alternate-editor='' --no-wait --eval \
"(progn (x-focus-frame nil) (mu4e-compose-from-mailto \"$1\" t))"

Now we can just call that in a desktop file.

Configuration File
[Desktop Entry]
GenericName=Compose a new message with Mu4e in Emacs
Comment=Open mu4e compose window
Exec=emacsmail %u

To register this, just call

Shell Script
update-desktop-database ~/.local/share/applications

We also want to define mu4e-compose-from-mailto.

Emacs Lisp
(defun mu4e-compose-from-mailto (mailto-string &optional quit-frame-after)
  (require 'mu4e)
  (unless mu4e~server-props (mu4e t) (sleep-for 0.1))
  (let* ((mailto (message-parse-mailto-url mailto-string))
         (to (cdr (assoc "To" mailto)))
         (subject (or (cdr (assoc "Subject" mailto)) ""))
         (body (cdr (assoc "Body" mailto)))
         (headers (-filter (lambda (spec) (not (-contains-p '("To" "Subject" "Body") (car spec)))) mailto)))
    (when-let ((mu4e-main (get-buffer mu4e-main-buffer-name)))
      (switch-to-buffer mu4e-main))
    (mu4e~compose-mail to subject headers)
    (when body
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (if (eq major-mode 'org-msg-edit-mode)
      (insert body))
    (goto-char (point-min))
    (cond ((null to) (search-forward "To: "))
          ((string= "" subject) (search-forward "Subject: "))
          (t (if (eq major-mode 'org-msg-edit-mode)
    (when evil-normal-state-minor-mode
      (evil-append 1))
    (when quit-frame-after
      (add-hook 'kill-buffer-hook
                `(lambda ()
                   (when (eq (selected-frame) ,(selected-frame))

It would also be nice to change the name pre-filled in From: when drafting.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar mu4e-from-name "Timothy"
  "Name used in \"From:\" template.")
(defadvice! mu4e~draft-from-construct-renamed (orig-fn)
  "Wrap `mu4e~draft-from-construct-renamed' to change the name."
  :around #'mu4e~draft-from-construct
  (let ((user-full-name mu4e-from-name))
    (funcall orig-fn)))

We can also use this a signature,

Emacs Lisp
(setq message-signature mu4e-from-name) Working with the Org mailing list Adding X-Woof headers

I’m fairly active on the Org mailing list (ML). The Org ML has a linked bug/patch tracker, managed by Woof. However, I feel like I spend too much time looking up what the appropriate headers are for updating the status of bugs and patches. What I need, is some sort of convenient tool. Let’s write one.

First, a function that asks what I want to do and returns the appropriate X-Woof header.

Emacs Lisp
(defun +mu4e-get-woof-header ()
  (pcase (read-char
          (format "\
  %s Declare %s Applied %s Aborted
  %s Confirm %s Fixed
  %s Request %s Resolved

%s remove X-Woof header"
                  (propertize "Patch" 'face 'outline-3)
                  (propertize "p" 'face '(bold consult-key))
                  (propertize "a" 'face '(bold consult-key))
                  (propertize "c" 'face '(bold consult-key))
                  (propertize "Bug" 'face 'outline-3)
                  (propertize "b" 'face '(bold consult-key))
                  (propertize "f" 'face '(bold consult-key))
                  (propertize "Help" 'face 'outline-3)
                  (propertize "h" 'face '(bold consult-key))
                  (propertize "r" 'face '(bold consult-key))
                  (propertize "x" 'face '(bold error))))
    (?p "X-Woof-Patch: confirmed")
    (?a "X-Woof-Patch: applied")
    (?c "X-Woof-Patch: cancelled")
    (?b "X-Woof-Bug: confirmed")
    (?f "X-Woof-Bug: fixed")
    (?h "X-Woof-Help: confirmed")
    (?r "X-Woof-Help: cancelled")
    (?x 'delete)))

Now we just need a function which will add such a header to a buffer

Emacs Lisp
(defun +mu4e-insert-woof-header ()
  "Insert an X-Woof header into the current message."
  (when-let ((header (+mu4e-get-woof-header)))
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (search-forward "--text follows this line--")
      (unless (eq header 'delete)
        (insert header "\n")
        (forward-line -1))
      (when (re-search-backward "^X-Woof-" nil t)

(map! :map mu4e-compose-mode-map
      :desc "Insert X-Woof Header" "w" #'+mu4e-insert-woof-header)

(map! :map org-msg-edit-mode-map
      :after org-msg
      :desc "Insert X-Woof Header" "w" #'+mu4e-insert-woof-header)

Lovely! That should make adding these headers a breeze. Patch workflow

Testing patches from the ML is currently more hassle than it needs to be. Let’s change that.

Emacs Lisp
(after! mu4e
  (defvar +org-ml-target-dir "~/.emacs.d/.local/straight/repos/org-mode/")
  (defvar +org-ml-max-age 600
    "Maximum permissible age in seconds.")
  (defvar +org-ml--cache-timestamp 0)
  (defvar +org-ml--cache nil)

  (define-minor-mode +org-ml-patchy-mood-mode
    "Apply patches to Org in bulk."
    :global t
    (let ((action (cons "apply patch to org" #'+org-ml-apply-patch)))
      (if +org-ml-patchy-mood-mode
          (add-to-list 'mu4e-view-actions action)
        (setq mu4e-view-actions (delete action mu4e-view-actions)))))

  (defun +org-ml-apply-patch (msg)
    "Apply the patch in the current message to Org."
    (unless msg (setq msg (mu4e-message-at-point)))
    (with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create "*Shell: Org apply patches*")
      (let* ((default-directory +org-ml-target-dir)
             (exit-code (call-process "git" nil t nil "am" (mu4e-message-field msg :path))))
        (when (not (= 0 exit-code))

  (defun +org-ml-current-patches ()
    "Get the currently open patches, as a list of alists.
Entries of the form (subject . id)."
    (delq nil
           (lambda (entry)
             (unless (plist-get entry :fixed)
                (format "%-8s  %s"
                         (replace-regexp-in-string "T.*" ""
                                                   (plist-get entry :date))
                         'face 'font-lock-doc-face)
                         (replace-regexp-in-string "\\[PATCH\\] ?" ""
                                                   (plist-get entry :summary))
                         'face 'font-lock-keyword-face))
                (plist-get entry :id))))
           (with-current-buffer (url-retrieve-synchronously "")
             (goto-char url-http-end-of-headers)
             (json-parse-buffer :object-type 'plist)))))

  (defun +org-ml-select-patch-thread ()
    "Find and apply a proposed Org patch."
    (let* ((current-workspace (+workspace-current))
           (patches (progn
                      (when (or (not +org-ml--cache)
                                (> (- (float-time) +org-ml--cache-timestamp)
                        (setq +org-ml--cache (+org-ml-current-patches)
                              +org-ml--cache-timestamp (float-time)))
           (msg-id (cdr (assoc (completing-read
                                "Thread: " (mapcar #'car patches))
      (+workspace-switch +mu4e-workspace-name)
      (mu4e-view-message-with-message-id msg-id)
      (unless +org-ml-patchy-mood-mode
        (add-to-list 'mu4e-view-actions
                     (cons "apply patch to org" #'+org-ml-transient-mu4e-action)))))

  (defun +org-ml-transient-mu4e-action (msg)
    (setq mu4e-view-actions
          (delete (cons "apply patch to org" #'+org-ml-transient-mu4e-action)
    (magit-status +org-ml-target-dir)
    (+org-ml-apply-patch msg))) Mail list archive links

The other thing which it’s good to be easily able to do is grab a link to the current message on

Emacs Lisp
(after! mu4e
  (defun +mu4e-ml-message-link (msg)
    "Copy the link to MSG on the mailing list archives."
    (let* ((list-addr (or (mu4e-message-field msg :mailing-list)
                          (cdar (mu4e-message-field-raw msg :list-post))
                          (thread-last (append (mu4e-message-field msg :to)
                                               (mu4e-message-field msg :cc))
                            (mapcar #'last)
                            (mapcar #'cdr)
                            (mapcar (lambda (addr)
                                      (when (string-match-p "emacs.*@gnu\\.org$" addr)
                                        (replace-regexp-in-string "@" "." addr))))
                            (delq nil)
             ((string= "" list-addr)
              (format "" (mu4e-message-field msg :message-id)))
             (t (user-error "Mailing list %s not supported" list-addr)))))
      (message "Link %s copied to clipboard" (gui-select-text msg-url))

  (add-to-list 'mu4e-view-actions (cons "link to message ML" #'+mu4e-ml-message-link) t))

In a similar manner, when clicking on such a link (say when someone uses a link to the archive to refer to an earlier email) I’d much rather look at it in mu4e.

Emacs Lisp
(defun +browse-url-orgmode-ml (url &optional _)
  "Open an orgmode list url using notmuch."
  (let ((id (and (or (string-match "^https?://orgmode\\.org/list/\\([^/]+\\)" url)
                     (string-match "^https?://list\\.orgmode\\.org/\\([^/]+\\)" url))
                 (match-string 1 url))))
    (mu4e-view-message-with-message-id id)))

(add-to-list 'browse-url-handlers (cons "^https?://orgmode\\.org/list" #'+browse-url-orgmode-ml))
(add-to-list 'browse-url-handlers (cons "^https?://list\\.orgmode\\.org/" #'+browse-url-orgmode-ml))

4.6.5. Org Msg

Doom does a fantastic stuff with the defaults with this, so we only make a few minor tweaks.

Emacs Lisp
(setq +org-msg-accent-color "#1a5fb4"
      org-msg-greeting-fmt "\nHi%s,\n\n"
      org-msg-signature "\n\n#+begin_signature\nAll the best,\\\\\n@@html:<b>@@Timothy@@html:</b>@@\n#+end_signature")
(map! :map org-msg-edit-mode-map
      :after org-msg
      :n "G" #'org-msg-goto-body)

5. Language configuration

5.1. General

5.1.1. File Templates

For some file types, we overwrite defaults in the snippets directory, others need to have a template assigned.

Emacs Lisp
(set-file-template! "\\.tex$" :trigger "__" :mode 'latex-mode)
(set-file-template! "\\.org$" :trigger "__" :mode 'org-mode)
(set-file-template! "/LICEN[CS]E$" :trigger '+file-templates/insert-license)

5.2. Plaintext

It’s nice to see ANSI colour codes displayed. However, until Emacs 28 it’s not possible to do this without modifying the buffer, so let’s condition this block on that.

Emacs Lisp
(after! text-mode
  (add-hook! 'text-mode-hook
             ;; Apply ANSI color codes
               (ansi-color-apply-on-region (point-min) (point-max) t))))

5.3. Org

I really like org mode, I’ve given some thought to why, and below is the result.

Format Fine-grained control Initial ease of use Syntax simplicity Editor Support Integrations Ease-of-referencing Versatility
Word 2 4 4 2 3 2 2
LaTeX 4 1 1 3 2 4 3
Org Mode 4 2 3.5 1 4 4 4
Markdown 1 3 3 4 3 3 1
Markdown + Pandoc 2.5 2.5 2.5 3 3 3 2
Radar chart comparing my opinions of document formats.

Beyond the elegance in the markup language, tremendously rich integrations with Emacs allow for some fantastic features, such as what seems to be the best support for literate programming of any currently available technology.

      โ•ญโ”€โ•ดCodeโ•ถโ”€โ•ฎ            โ•ญโ”€โ•ดRaw Codeโ•ถโ”€โ–ถ Computer
Ideasโ•บโ”ฅ        โ”โ”โ–ถ Org Modeโ•บโ”ฅ
      โ•ฐโ”€โ•ดTextโ•ถโ”€โ•ฏ            โ•ฐโ”€โ•ดDocumentโ•ถโ”€โ–ถ People

An .org file can contain blocks of code (with noweb templating support), which can be tangled to dedicated source code files, and woven into a document (report, documentation, presentation, etc.) through various (extensible) methods. These source blocks may even create images or other content to be included in the document, or generate source code.

                   โ•ญโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ–ถ .pdf โŽซ
                  pdfLaTeX โ–ถโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•ฎ                 โŽช
                   โ•ฟ     โ•ฟ                  โ”Š                 โŽช
                   โ”‚     โ”Š                  โ”Š                 โŽช
                 .tex    โ”Š                  โ”Š                 โŽช
                   โ•ฟ     โ”Š                  โ”Š                 โŽช
                โ•ญโ”€โ”€โ”ดโ•Œโ•Œโ•ฎ  โ”Š                  โ”Š style.scss      โŽฌ Weaving
graphc.png โ”€โ•ฎ   โ”‚  embedded TeX             โ”Š      โ•ฝ          โŽช (Documents)
image.jpeg โ”€โ”ค filters   โ•ฟ                   โ”Š    .css         โŽช
            โ•Ž     โ•ฟ     โ”Š                   โ”Š     โ–พโ•Ž          โŽช
figure.pngโ•ถโ”€โ•งโ”€โ–ถ PROJECT.ORG โ–ถโ”€โ”€โ”€โ•ดfiltersโ•ถโ”€โ”€โ”€โ•งโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ•ชโ”€โ”€โ–ถ .html โŽช
     โ•ฟ           โ•ฟโ”Š โ•‘ โ”‚ โ•ฐโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ–ทโ•Œโ•Œ embedded html โ–ถโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•ฏ          โŽช
     โ”œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ–ทโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•ฏโ”Š โ•‘ โ”‚                                       โŽช
    resultโ•ถโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•ฎ โ”Š โ•‘ โ”œโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ•ดfiltersโ•ถโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ–ถ .txt  โŽช
     โ”Šโ–ด         โ”Š โ”Š โ•‘ โ”‚                                       โŽช
    execution   โ”Š โ”Š โ•‘ โ•ฐโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ•ดfiltersโ•ถโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ–ถ .md   โŽญ
     โ”Šโ–ด         โ”Š โ”Š โ•‘
    code blocksโ—€โ•ฏ โ”Š โ•Ÿโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ–ถ .c    โŽซ
     โ•ฐโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ—โ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•Œโ•ฏ โ•Ÿโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ–ถ .sh   โŽฌ Tangling
                    โ•Ÿโ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ–ถ .hs   โŽช (Code)
                    โ•™โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ–ถ .el   โŽญ

Finally, because this section is fairly expensive to initialise, we’ll wrap it in an (after! ...) block.

Emacs Lisp
(after! org

5.3.1. System config Mime types

Org mode isn’t recognised as it’s own mime type by default, but that can easily be changed with the following file. For system-wide changes try /usr/share/mime/packages/org.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<mime-info xmlns=''>
  <mime-type type="text/org">
    <comment>Emacs Org-mode File</comment>
    <glob pattern="*.org"/>
    <alias type="text/org"/>

What’s nice is that Papirus now has an icon for text/org. One simply needs to refresh their mime database

Shell Script
update-mime-database ~/.local/share/mime

Then set Emacs as the default editor

Shell Script
xdg-mime default emacs.desktop text/org Git diffs

Protesilaos wrote a very helpful article in which he explains how to change the git diff chunk heading to something more useful than just the immediate line above the hunk — like the parent heading.

This can be achieved by first adding a new diff mode to git in ~/.config/git/attributes

*.org   diff=org

Then adding a regex for it to ~/.config/git/config

[diff "org"]
  xfuncname = "^(\\*+ +.*)$"

5.3.2. Packages Org itself

There are actually three possible package statements I may want to use for Org.

If I’m on a machine where I can push changes, I want to be able to develop Org. I can check this by checking the content of the SSH key ~/.ssh/

  1. If this key exists and there isn’t a repo at $straight-base-dir/straight/repos/org-mode with the right remote, we should install it as such.
  2. If the key exists and repo are both set up, the package should just be ignored.
  3. If the key does not exist, the Org’s HEAD should just be used

To account for this situation properly, we need a short script to determine the correct package statement needed.

org-pkg-statementEmacs Lisp
(load (expand-file-name "core/core.el" user-emacs-directory) nil t) ; for `doom-local-dir'
(let ((dev-key (and (file-exists-p "~/.ssh/")
                    (= 0 (shell-command "cat ~/.ssh/ | grep -q AAAAC3NzaC1lZDI1NTE5AAAAIOZZqcJOLdN+QFHKyW8ST2zz750+8TdvO9IT5geXpQVt"))))
      (dev-pkg (let ((default-directory (expand-file-name "straight/repos/org-mode" doom-local-dir)))
                 (and (file-exists-p default-directory)
                      (string= "\n" (shell-command-to-string "git remote get-url origin")))))
      (recipe-common '(:files ("*.el" "lisp/*.el" "etc")
                       (with-temp-file (doom-path (straight--repos-dir "org-mode") "org-version.el")
                         (insert "(fset 'org-release (lambda () \"9.5\"))\n"
                                 (format "(fset 'org-git-version (lambda () \"%s\"))\n"
                                         (substring (shell-command-to-string "git rev-parse --short HEAD") 0 -1))
                                 "(provide 'org-version)\n"))
                       :includes org)))
   `(package! org-mode
      :recipe (,@(cond ((and dev-key dev-pkg)
                        (list :host nil :repo nil :local-repo (expand-file-name "straight/repos/org-mode" doom-local-dir)))
                        (list :host nil :repo ""))
                        (list :host 'github :repo "emacs-straight/org-mode")))
      :pin nil)))
Emacs Lisp
(unpin! org-mode) ; there be bugs
(package! org-contrib
  :recipe (:host nil :repo ""
           :files ("lisp/*.el"))
  :pin "e6cb6ca42f5bbb74825e81fd645b00e17a673da4") Visuals Tables

Org tables aren’t the prettiest thing to look at. This package is supposed to redraw them in the buffer with box-drawing characters. Sounds like an improvement to me! We’ll make use of this with writeroom-mode.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-pretty-table
  :recipe (:host github :repo "Fuco1/org-pretty-table") :pin "7bd68b420d3402826fea16ee5099d04aa9879b78")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-pretty-table
  :commands (org-pretty-table-mode global-org-pretty-table-mode)) Emphasis markers

While org-hide-emphasis-markers is very nice, it can sometimes make edits which occur at the border a bit more fiddley. We can improve this situation without sacrificing visual amenities with the org-appear package.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-appear :recipe (:host github :repo "awth13/org-appear")
  :pin "8dd1e564153d8007ebc4bb4e14250bde84e26a34")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-appear
  :hook (org-mode . org-appear-mode)
  (setq org-appear-autoemphasis t
        org-appear-autosubmarkers t
        org-appear-autolinks nil)
  ;; for proper first-time setup, `org-appear--set-elements'
  ;; needs to be run after other hooks have acted.
  (run-at-time nil nil #'org-appear--set-elements)) Heading structure

Speaking of headlines, a nice package for viewing and managing the heading structure has come to my attention.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-ol-tree :recipe (:host github :repo "Townk/org-ol-tree")
  :pin "207c748aa5fea8626be619e8c55bdb1c16118c25")

We’ll bind this to O on the org-mode localleader, and manually apply a PR recognising the pgtk window system.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-ol-tree
  :commands org-ol-tree
  (defadvice! org-ol-tree-system--graphical-frame-p--pgtk ()
    :override #'org-ol-tree-system--graphical-frame-p
    (memq window-system '(pgtk x w32 ns))))

(map! :map org-mode-map
      :after org
      :desc "Outline" "O" #'org-ol-tree) Extra functionality Julia support

ob-julia is currently a bit borked, but there’s an effort to improve this.

Emacs Lisp
(package! ob-julia :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/ob-julia" :files ("*.el" "julia")))
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! ob-julia
  :commands org-babel-execute:julia
  (setq org-babel-julia-command-arguments
          ,(when-let ((img "~/.local/lib/")
                      (exists? (file-exists-p img)))
             (expand-file-name img))
          ,(number-to-string (- (doom-system-cpus) 2))
          "--banner=no"))) HTTP requests

I like the idea of being able to make HTTP requests with Babel.

Emacs Lisp
(package! ob-http :pin "b1428ea2a63bcb510e7382a1bf5fe82b19c104a7")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! ob-http
  :commands org-babel-execute:http) Transclusion

There’s a really cool package in development to transclude Org document content.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-transclusion :recipe (:host github :repo "nobiot/org-transclusion")
  :pin "ccc0aaa72732ea633bf52bcc8a0345cd3ac178fd")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-transclusion
  :commands org-transclusion-mode
  (map! :after org :map org-mode-map
        "<f12>" #'org-transclusion-mode)) Heading graph

Came across this and … it’s cool

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-graph-view :recipe (:host github :repo "alphapapa/org-graph-view") :pin "233c6708c1f37fc60604de49ca192497aef39757") Cooking recipes

I need this in my life. It take a URL to a recipe from a common site, and inserts an org-ified version at point. Isn’t that just great.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-chef :pin "6a786e77e67a715b3cd4f5128b59d501614928af")

Loading after org seems a bit premature. Let’s just load it when we try to use it, either by command or in a capture template.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-chef
  :commands (org-chef-insert-recipe org-chef-get-recipe-from-url)) Importing with Pandoc

Sometimes I’m given non-org files, that’s very sad. Luckily Pandoc offers a way to make that right again, and this package makes that even easier to do.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-pandoc-import :recipe
  (:local-repo "lisp/org-pandoc-import" :files ("*.el" "filters" "preprocessors")))
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-pandoc-import
  :after org) Document comparison

It’s quite nice to compare Org files, and the richest way to compare content is probably latexdiff. There are a few annoying steps involved here, and so I’ve written a package to streamline the process.

Emacs Lisp
(package! orgdiff :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/orgdiff"))

The only little annoyance is the fact that latexdiff uses #FF0000 and #0000FF as the red/blue change indication colours. We can make this a bit nicer by post-processing the latexdiff result.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! orgdiff
  :defer t
  (defun +orgdiff-nicer-change-colours ()
    (goto-char (point-min))
    ;; Set red/blue based on whether chameleon is being used
    (if (search-forward "%% make document follow Emacs theme" nil t)
        (setq red  (substring (doom-blend 'red 'fg 0.8) 1)
              blue (substring (doom-blend 'blue 'teal 0.6) 1))
      (setq red  "c82829"
            blue "00618a"))
    (when (and (search-forward "%DIF PREAMBLE EXTENSION ADDED BY LATEXDIFF" nil t)
               (search-forward "\\RequirePackage{color}" nil t))
      (when (re-search-forward "definecolor{red}{rgb}{1,0,0}" (cdr (bounds-of-thing-at-point 'line)) t)
        (replace-match (format "definecolor{red}{HTML}{%s}" red)))
      (when (re-search-forward "definecolor{blue}{rgb}{0,0,1}" (cdr (bounds-of-thing-at-point 'line)) t)
        (replace-match (format "definecolor{blue}{HTML}{%s}" blue)))))
  (add-to-list 'orgdiff-latexdiff-postprocess-hooks #'+orgdiff-nicer-change-colours)) Org music

It’s nice to be able to link to music

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-music :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/org-music"))
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-music
  :after org
  (setq org-music-mpris-player "Lollypop"
        org-music-track-search-method 'beets
        org-music-beets-db "~/Music/library.db"))

5.3.3. Behaviour

Automation Tweaking defaults
Emacs Lisp
(setq org-directory "~/.org"                      ; let's put files here
      org-use-property-inheritance t              ; it's convenient to have properties inherited
      org-log-done 'time                          ; having the time a item is done sounds convenient
      org-list-allow-alphabetical t               ; have a. A. a) A) list bullets
      org-export-in-background t                  ; run export processes in external emacs process
      org-catch-invisible-edits 'smart            ; try not to accidently do weird stuff in invisible regions
      org-export-with-sub-superscripts '{})       ; don't treat lone _ / ^ as sub/superscripts, require _{} / ^{}

I also like the :comments header-argument, so let’s make that a default.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-babel-default-header-args
      '((:session . "none")
        (:results . "replace")
        (:exports . "code")
        (:cache . "no")
        (:noweb . "no")
        (:hlines . "no")
        (:tangle . "no")
        (:comments . "link")))

By default, visual-line-mode is turned on, and auto-fill-mode off by a hook. However this messes with tables in Org-mode, and other plaintext files (e.g. markdown, \LaTeX) so I’ll turn it off for this, and manually enable it for more specific modes as desired.

Emacs Lisp
(remove-hook 'text-mode-hook #'visual-line-mode)
(add-hook 'text-mode-hook #'auto-fill-mode)

There also seem to be a few keybindings which use hjkl, but miss arrow key equivalents.

Emacs Lisp
(map! :map evil-org-mode-map
      :after evil-org
      :n "g <up>" #'org-backward-heading-same-level
      :n "g <down>" #'org-forward-heading-same-level
      :n "g <left>" #'org-up-element
      :n "g <right>" #'org-down-element) Extra functionality Org buffer creation

Let’s also make creating an org buffer just that little bit easier.

Emacs Lisp
(evil-define-command evil-buffer-org-new (count file)
  "Creates a new ORG buffer replacing the current window, optionally
   editing a certain FILE"
  :repeat nil
  (interactive "P<f>")
  (if file
      (evil-edit file)
    (let ((buffer (generate-new-buffer "*new org*")))
      (set-window-buffer nil buffer)
      (with-current-buffer buffer
(map! :leader
      (:prefix "b"
       :desc "New empty ORG buffer" "o" #'evil-buffer-org-new)) The utility of zero-width spaces

Occasionally in Org you run into annoyances where you want to have two seperate blocks right together without a space. For example, to emphasise part of a word, or put a currency symbol immediately before an inline source block. There is a solution to this, it just sounds slightly hacky — zero width spaces. Because this is Emacs, we can make this feel much less hacky by making a minor addition to the Org key map ๐Ÿ™‚.

Emacs Lisp
(map! :map org-mode-map
      :nie "M-SPC M-SPC" (cmd! (insert "\u200B")))

We then want to stop the space from being included in exports, which can be done with a little filter.

Emacs Lisp
(defun +org-export-remove-zero-width-space (text _backend _info)
  "Remove zero width spaces from TEXT."
  (unless (org-export-derived-backend-p 'org)
    (replace-regexp-in-string "\u200B" "" text)))

(after! ox
  (add-to-list 'org-export-filter-final-output-functions #'+org-export-remove-zero-width-space t)) List bullet sequence

I think it makes sense to have list bullets change with depth

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-list-demote-modify-bullet '(("+" . "-") ("-" . "+") ("*" . "+") ("1." . "a."))) Citation

Occasionally I want to cite something, and org-ref is the package for that.

Unfortunately, it ignores the file = {...} .bib keys though. Let’s fix that. I separate files on ;, which may just be a Zotero/BetterBibLaTeX thing, but it’s a good idea in my case at least.

Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-ref
  ;; :after org
  :defer t
  (defadvice! org-ref-open-bibtex-pdf-a ()
    :override #'org-ref-open-bibtex-pdf
      (let* ((bibtex-expand-strings t)
             (entry (bibtex-parse-entry t))
             (key (reftex-get-bib-field "=key=" entry))
             (pdf (or
                   (car (-filter (lambda (f) (string-match-p "\\.pdf$" f))
                                 (split-string (reftex-get-bib-field "file" entry) ";")))
                   (funcall org-ref-get-pdf-filename-function key))))
        (if (file-exists-p pdf)
            (org-open-file pdf)
  (defadvice! org-ref-open-pdf-at-point-a ()
    "Open the pdf for bibtex key under point if it exists."
    :override #'org-ref-open-pdf-at-point
    (let* ((results (org-ref-get-bibtex-key-and-file))
           (key (car results))
           (pdf-file (funcall org-ref-get-pdf-filename-function key)))
      (with-current-buffer (find-file-noselect (cdr results))
          (bibtex-search-entry (car results))

There’s also the new org-cite though. It would be nice to try that out.

To improve org-cite.

Emacs Lisp
(package! citar :pin "b391e6de49e00cffa8f60a089a01d663b627a678")
(package! citeproc :pin "ba49516265fa24b138346c4918d39d19b4de8a62")
(package! org-cite-csl-activate :recipe (:host github :repo "andras-simonyi/org-cite-csl-activate") :pin "4fdb61c0f83b5d6db0d07dfd64d2a177fd46e931")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! citar
  :when (featurep! :completion vertico)
  (org-cite-insert-processor 'citar)
  (org-cite-follow-processor 'citar)
  (org-cite-activate-processor 'citar)
  (setq citar-bibliography
        (let ((libfile-search-names '("library.json" "Library.json" "library.bib" "Library.bib"))
              (libfile-dir "~/Zotero")
          (dolist (libfile libfile-search-names)
            (when (and (not paths)
                       (file-exists-p (expand-file-name libfile libfile-dir)))
              (setq paths (list (expand-file-name libfile libfile-dir)))))
  (setq citar-symbols
      `((file ,(all-the-icons-faicon "file-o" :face 'all-the-icons-green :v-adjust -0.1) . " ")
        (note ,(all-the-icons-material "speaker_notes" :face 'all-the-icons-blue :v-adjust -0.3) . " ")
        (link ,(all-the-icons-octicon "link" :face 'all-the-icons-orange :v-adjust 0.01) . " "))))

(use-package! citeproc
  :defer t)

;;; Org-Cite configuration

(map! :after org
      :map org-mode-map
      :desc "Insert citation" "@" #'org-cite-insert)

(use-package! oc
  :after org citar
  (require 'ox)
  (setq org-cite-global-bibliography
        (let ((paths (or citar-bibliography
                         (bound-and-true-p bibtex-completion-bibliography))))
          ;; Always return bibliography paths as list for org-cite.
          (if (stringp paths) (list paths) paths)))
  ;; setup export processor; default csl/citeproc-el, with biblatex for latex
  (setq org-cite-export-processors
        '((t csl))))

  ;;; Org-cite processors
(use-package! oc-biblatex
  :after oc)

(use-package! oc-csl
  :after oc
  (setq org-cite-csl-styles-dir "~/Zotero/styles"))

(use-package! oc-natbib
  :after oc)

(use-package! oc-csl-activate
  :after oc
  (setq org-cite-csl-activate-use-document-style t)
  (defun +org-cite-csl-activate/enable ()
    (setq org-cite-activate-processor 'csl-activate)
    (add-hook! 'org-mode-hook '((lambda () (cursor-sensor-mode 1)) org-cite-csl-activate-render-all))
    (defadvice! +org-cite-csl-activate-render-all-silent (orig-fn)
      :around #'org-cite-csl-activate-render-all
      (with-silent-modifications (funcall orig-fn)))
    (when (eq major-mode 'org-mode)
          (goto-char (point-min))
          (org-cite-activate (point-max)))
    (fmakunbound #'+org-cite-csl-activate/enable)))

I think it would be nice to have a function to convert org-ref citations to org-cite

Emacs Lisp
(after! oc
  (defun org-ref-to-org-cite ()
    "Attempt to convert org-ref citations to org-cite syntax."
    (let* ((cite-conversions '(("cite" . "//b") ("Cite" . "//bc")
                               ("nocite" . "/n")
                               ("citep" . "") ("citep*" . "//f")
                               ("parencite" . "") ("Parencite" . "//c")
                               ("citeauthor" . "/a/f") ("citeauthor*" . "/a")
                               ("citeyear" . "/na/b")
                               ("Citep" . "//c") ("Citealp" . "//bc")
                               ("Citeauthor" . "/a/cf") ("Citeauthor*" . "/a/c")
                               ("autocite" . "") ("Autocite" . "//c")
                               ("notecite" . "/l/b") ("Notecite" . "/l/bc")
                               ("pnotecite" . "/l") ("Pnotecite" . "/l/bc")))
           (cite-regexp (rx (regexp (regexp-opt (mapcar #'car cite-conversions) t))
                            ":" (group (+ (not (any "\n     ,.)]}")))))))
        (goto-char (point-min))
        (while (re-search-forward cite-regexp nil t)
          (message (format "[cite%s:@%s]"
                                 (cdr (assoc (match-string 1) cite-conversions))
                                 (match-string 2)))
          (replace-match (format "[cite%s:@%s]"
                                 (cdr (assoc (match-string 1) cite-conversions))
                                 (match-string 2)))))))) cdlatex

It’s also nice to be able to use cdlatex.

Emacs Lisp
(add-hook 'org-mode-hook 'turn-on-org-cdlatex)

It’s handy to be able to quickly insert environments with C-c }. I almost always want to edit them afterwards though, so let’s make that happen by default.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-edit-latex-emv-after-insert ()
  :after #'org-cdlatex-environment-indent

At some point in the future it could be good to investigate splitting org blocks. Likewise this looks good for symbols. Spellcheck

My spelling is atrocious, so let’s get flycheck going.

Emacs Lisp
(add-hook 'org-mode-hook 'turn-on-flyspell) LSP support in src blocks

Now, by default, LSPs don’t really function at all in src blocks.

Emacs Lisp
(cl-defmacro lsp-org-babel-enable (lang)
  "Support LANG in org source code block."
  (setq centaur-lsp 'lsp-mode)
  (cl-check-type lang stringp)
  (let* ((edit-pre (intern (format "org-babel-edit-prep:%s" lang)))
         (intern-pre (intern (format "lsp--%s" (symbol-name edit-pre)))))
       (defun ,intern-pre (info)
         (let ((file-name (->> info caddr (alist-get :file))))
           (unless file-name
             (setq file-name (make-temp-file "babel-lsp-")))
           (setq buffer-file-name file-name)
       (put ',intern-pre 'function-documentation
            (format "Enable lsp-mode in the buffer of org source block (%s)."
                    (upcase ,lang)))
       (if (fboundp ',edit-pre)
           (advice-add ',edit-pre :after ',intern-pre)
           (defun ,edit-pre (info)
             (,intern-pre info))
           (put ',edit-pre 'function-documentation
                (format "Prepare local buffer environment for org source block (%s)."
                        (upcase ,lang))))))))
(defvar org-babel-lang-list
  '("go" "python" "ipython" "bash" "sh"))
(dolist (lang org-babel-lang-list)
  (eval `(lsp-org-babel-enable ,lang))) View exported file

'localeader v has no pre-existing binding, so I may as well use it with the same functionality as in LaTeX. Let’s try viewing possible output files with this.

Emacs Lisp
(map! :map org-mode-map
      :desc "View exported file" "v" #'org-view-output-file)

(defun org-view-output-file (&optional org-file-path)
  "Visit buffer open on the first output file (if any) found, using `org-view-output-file-extensions'"
  (let* ((org-file-path (or org-file-path (buffer-file-name) ""))
         (dir (file-name-directory org-file-path))
         (basename (file-name-base org-file-path))
         (output-file nil))
    (dolist (ext org-view-output-file-extensions)
      (unless output-file
        (when (file-exists-p
               (concat dir basename "." ext))
          (setq output-file (concat dir basename "." ext)))))
    (if output-file
        (if (member (file-name-extension output-file) org-view-external-file-extensions)
            (browse-url-xdg-open output-file)
          (pop-to-buffer (or (find-buffer-visiting output-file)
                             (find-file-noselect output-file))))
      (message "No exported file found"))))

(defvar org-view-output-file-extensions '("pdf" "md" "rst" "txt" "tex" "html")
  "Search for output files with these extensions, in order, viewing the first that matches")
(defvar org-view-external-file-extensions '("html")
  "File formats that should be opened externally.") Super agenda

The agenda is nice, but a souped up version is nicer.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-super-agenda :pin "3108bc3f725818f0e868520d2c243abe9acbef4e")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-super-agenda
  :commands org-super-agenda-mode)
Emacs Lisp
(after! org-agenda

(setq org-agenda-skip-scheduled-if-done t
      org-agenda-skip-deadline-if-done t
      org-agenda-include-deadlines t
      org-agenda-block-separator nil
      org-agenda-tags-column 100 ;; from testing this seems to be a good value
      org-agenda-compact-blocks t)

(setq org-agenda-custom-commands
      '(("o" "Overview"
         ((agenda "" ((org-agenda-span 'day)
                       '((:name "Today"
                          :time-grid t
                          :date today
                          :todo "TODAY"
                          :scheduled today
                          :order 1)))))
          (alltodo "" ((org-agenda-overriding-header "")
                        '((:name "Next to do"
                           :todo "NEXT"
                           :order 1)
                          (:name "Important"
                           :tag "Important"
                           :priority "A"
                           :order 6)
                          (:name "Due Today"
                           :deadline today
                           :order 2)
                          (:name "Due Soon"
                           :deadline future
                           :order 8)
                          (:name "Overdue"
                           :deadline past
                           :face error
                           :order 7)
                          (:name "Assignments"
                           :tag "Assignment"
                           :order 10)
                          (:name "Issues"
                           :tag "Issue"
                           :order 12)
                          (:name "Emacs"
                           :tag "Emacs"
                           :order 13)
                          (:name "Projects"
                           :tag "Project"
                           :order 14)
                          (:name "Research"
                           :tag "Research"
                           :order 15)
                          (:name "To read"
                           :tag "Read"
                           :order 30)
                          (:name "Waiting"
                           :todo "WAITING"
                           :order 20)
                          (:name "University"
                           :tag "uni"
                           :order 32)
                          (:name "Trivial"
                           :priority<= "E"
                           :tag ("Trivial" "Unimportant")
                           :todo ("SOMEDAY" )
                           :order 90)
                          (:discard (:tag ("Chore" "Routine" "Daily"))))))))))) Capture

Let’s setup some org-capture templates, and make them visually nice to access.

My org-capture dialouge.

doct (Declarative Org Capture Templates) seems to be a nicer way to set up org-capture.

Emacs Lisp
(package! doct
  :recipe (:host github :repo "progfolio/doct")
  :pin "4033a8fd8681d3989550f7a2532d6b4e3c45bfe8")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! doct
  :commands doct)
Emacs Lisp
(after! org-capture

  (defun +doct-icon-declaration-to-icon (declaration)
    "Convert :icon declaration to icon"
    (let ((name (pop declaration))
          (set  (intern (concat "all-the-icons-" (plist-get declaration :set))))
          (face (intern (concat "all-the-icons-" (plist-get declaration :color))))
          (v-adjust (or (plist-get declaration :v-adjust) 0.01)))
      (apply set `(,name :face ,face :v-adjust ,v-adjust))))

  (defun +doct-iconify-capture-templates (groups)
    "Add declaration's :icon to each template group in GROUPS."
    (let ((templates (doct-flatten-lists-in groups)))
      (setq doct-templates (mapcar (lambda (template)
                                     (when-let* ((props (nthcdr (if (= (length template) 4) 2 5) template))
                                                 (spec (plist-get (plist-get props :doct) :icon)))
                                       (setf (nth 1 template) (concat (+doct-icon-declaration-to-icon spec)
                                                                      (nth 1 template))))

  (setq doct-after-conversion-functions '(+doct-iconify-capture-templates))

  (defvar +org-capture-recipies  "~/Desktop/TEC/Organisation/")

  (defun set-org-capture-templates ()
    (setq org-capture-templates
          (doct `(("Personal todo" :keys "t"
                   :icon ("checklist" :set "octicon" :color "green")
                   :file +org-capture-todo-file
                   :prepend t
                   :headline "Inbox"
                   :type entry
                   :template ("* TODO %?"
                              "%i %a"))
                  ("Personal note" :keys "n"
                   :icon ("sticky-note-o" :set "faicon" :color "green")
                   :file +org-capture-todo-file
                   :prepend t
                   :headline "Inbox"
                   :type entry
                   :template ("* %?"
                              "%i %a"))
                  ("Email" :keys "e"
                   :icon ("envelope" :set "faicon" :color "blue")
                   :file +org-capture-todo-file
                   :prepend t
                   :headline "Inbox"
                   :type entry
                   :template ("* TODO %^{type|reply to|contact} %\\3 %? :email:"
                              "Send an email %^{urgancy|soon|ASAP|anon|at some point|eventually} to %^{recipiant}"
                              "about %^{topic}"
                              "%U %i %a"))
                  ("Interesting" :keys "i"
                   :icon ("eye" :set "faicon" :color "lcyan")
                   :file +org-capture-todo-file
                   :prepend t
                   :headline "Interesting"
                   :type entry
                   :template ("* [ ] %{desc}%? :%{i-type}:"
                              "%i %a")
                   :children (("Webpage" :keys "w"
                               :icon ("globe" :set "faicon" :color "green")
                               :desc "%(org-cliplink-capture) "
                               :i-type "read:web")
                              ("Article" :keys "a"
                               :icon ("file-text" :set "octicon" :color "yellow")
                               :desc ""
                               :i-type "read:reaserch")
                              ("\tRecipie" :keys "r"
                               :icon ("spoon" :set "faicon" :color "dorange")
                               :file +org-capture-recipies
                               :headline "Unsorted"
                               :template "%(org-chef-get-recipe-from-url)")
                              ("Information" :keys "i"
                               :icon ("info-circle" :set "faicon" :color "blue")
                               :desc ""
                               :i-type "read:info")
                              ("Idea" :keys "I"
                               :icon ("bubble_chart" :set "material" :color "silver")
                               :desc ""
                               :i-type "idea")))
                  ("Tasks" :keys "k"
                   :icon ("inbox" :set "octicon" :color "yellow")
                   :file +org-capture-todo-file
                   :prepend t
                   :headline "Tasks"
                   :type entry
                   :template ("* TODO %? %^G%{extra}"
                              "%i %a")
                   :children (("General Task" :keys "k"
                               :icon ("inbox" :set "octicon" :color "yellow")
                               :extra "")
                              ("Task with deadline" :keys "d"
                               :icon ("timer" :set "material" :color "orange" :v-adjust -0.1)
                               :extra "\nDEADLINE: %^{Deadline:}t")
                              ("Scheduled Task" :keys "s"
                               :icon ("calendar" :set "octicon" :color "orange")
                               :extra "\nSCHEDULED: %^{Start time:}t")))
                  ("Project" :keys "p"
                   :icon ("repo" :set "octicon" :color "silver")
                   :prepend t
                   :type entry
                   :headline "Inbox"
                   :template ("* %{time-or-todo} %?"
                   :file ""
                   :custom (:time-or-todo "")
                   :children (("Project-local todo" :keys "t"
                               :icon ("checklist" :set "octicon" :color "green")
                               :time-or-todo "TODO"
                               :file +org-capture-project-todo-file)
                              ("Project-local note" :keys "n"
                               :icon ("sticky-note" :set "faicon" :color "yellow")
                               :time-or-todo "%U"
                               :file +org-capture-project-notes-file)
                              ("Project-local changelog" :keys "c"
                               :icon ("list" :set "faicon" :color "blue")
                               :time-or-todo "%U"
                               :heading "Unreleased"
                               :file +org-capture-project-changelog-file)))
                  ("\tCentralised project templates"
                   :keys "o"
                   :type entry
                   :prepend t
                   :template ("* %{time-or-todo} %?"
                   :children (("Project todo"
                               :keys "t"
                               :prepend nil
                               :time-or-todo "TODO"
                               :heading "Tasks"
                               :file +org-capture-central-project-todo-file)
                              ("Project note"
                               :keys "n"
                               :time-or-todo "%U"
                               :heading "Notes"
                               :file +org-capture-central-project-notes-file)
                              ("Project changelog"
                               :keys "c"
                               :time-or-todo "%U"
                               :heading "Unreleased"
                               :file +org-capture-central-project-changelog-file)))))))

  (unless (display-graphic-p)
    (add-hook 'server-after-make-frame-hook
              (defun org-capture-reinitialise-hook ()
                (when (display-graphic-p)
                  (remove-hook 'server-after-make-frame-hook

It would also be nice to improve how the capture dialogue looks

prettify-captureEmacs Lisp
(defun org-capture-select-template-prettier (&optional keys)
  "Select a capture template, in a prettier way than default
Lisp programs can force the template by setting KEYS to a string."
  (let ((org-capture-templates
         (or (org-contextualize-keys
              (org-capture-upgrade-templates org-capture-templates)
             '(("t" "Task" entry (file+headline "" "Tasks")
                "* TODO %?\n  %u\n  %a")))))
    (if keys
        (or (assoc keys org-capture-templates)
            (error "No capture template referred to by \"%s\" keys" keys))
      (org-mks org-capture-templates
               "Select a capture template\n━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━"
               "Template key: "
               `(("q" ,(concat (all-the-icons-octicon "stop" :face 'all-the-icons-red :v-adjust 0.01) "\tAbort")))))))
(advice-add 'org-capture-select-template :override #'org-capture-select-template-prettier)

(defun org-mks-pretty (table title &optional prompt specials)
  "Select a member of an alist with multiple keys. Prettified.

TABLE is the alist which should contain entries where the car is a string.
There should be two types of entries.

1. prefix descriptions like (\"a\" \"Description\")
   This indicates that `a' is a prefix key for multi-letter selection, and
   that there are entries following with keys like \"ab\", \"ax\"…

2. Select-able members must have more than two elements, with the first
   being the string of keys that lead to selecting it, and the second a
   short description string of the item.

The command will then make a temporary buffer listing all entries
that can be selected with a single key, and all the single key
prefixes.  When you press the key for a single-letter entry, it is selected.
When you press a prefix key, the commands (and maybe further prefixes)
under this key will be shown and offered for selection.

TITLE will be placed over the selection in the temporary buffer,
PROMPT will be used when prompting for a key.  SPECIALS is an
alist with (\"key\" \"description\") entries.  When one of these
is selected, only the bare key is returned."
    (let ((inhibit-quit t)
          (buffer (org-switch-to-buffer-other-window "*Org Select*"))
          (prompt (or prompt "Select: "))
          (catch 'exit
            (while t
              (setq-local evil-normal-state-cursor (list nil))
              (insert title "\n\n")
              (let ((des-keys nil)
                    (allowed-keys '("\C-g"))
                    (tab-alternatives '("\s" "\t" "\r"))
                    (cursor-type nil))
                ;; Populate allowed keys and descriptions keys
                ;; available with CURRENT selector.
                (let ((re (format "\\`%s\\(.\\)\\'"
                                  (if current (regexp-quote current) "")))
                      (prefix (if current (concat current " ") "")))
                  (dolist (entry table)
                    (pcase entry
                      ;; Description.
                      (`(,(and key (pred (string-match re))) ,desc)
                       (let ((k (match-string 1 key)))
                         (push k des-keys)
                         ;; Keys ending in tab, space or RET are equivalent.
                         (if (member k tab-alternatives)
                             (push "\t" allowed-keys)
                           (push k allowed-keys))
                         (insert (propertize prefix 'face 'font-lock-comment-face) (propertize k 'face 'bold) (propertize "›" 'face 'font-lock-comment-face) "  " desc "…" "\n")))
                      ;; Usable entry.
                      (`(,(and key (pred (string-match re))) ,desc . ,_)
                       (let ((k (match-string 1 key)))
                         (insert (propertize prefix 'face 'font-lock-comment-face) (propertize k 'face 'bold) "   " desc "\n")
                         (push k allowed-keys)))
                      (_ nil))))
                ;; Insert special entries, if any.
                (when specials
                  (insert "─────────────────────────\n")
                  (pcase-dolist (`(,key ,description) specials)
                    (insert (format "%s   %s\n" (propertize key 'face '(bold all-the-icons-red)) description))
                    (push key allowed-keys)))
                ;; Display UI and let user select an entry or
                ;; a sub-level prefix.
                (goto-char (point-min))
                (unless (pos-visible-in-window-p (point-max))
                (let ((pressed (org--mks-read-key allowed-keys
                                                  (not (pos-visible-in-window-p (1- (point-max)))))))
                  (setq current (concat current pressed))
                   ((equal pressed "\C-g") (user-error "Abort"))
                   ;; Selection is a prefix: open a new menu.
                   ((member pressed des-keys))
                   ;; Selection matches an association: return it.
                   ((let ((entry (assoc current table)))
                      (and entry (throw 'exit entry))))
                   ;; Selection matches a special entry: return the
                   ;; selection prefix.
                   ((assoc current specials) (throw 'exit current))
                   (t (error "No entry available")))))))
        (when buffer (kill-buffer buffer))))))
(advice-add 'org-mks :override #'org-mks-pretty)

The org-capture bin is rather nice, but I’d be nicer with a smaller frame, and no modeline.

Emacs Lisp
(setf (alist-get 'height +org-capture-frame-parameters) 15)
;; (alist-get 'name +org-capture-frame-parameters) "❖ Capture") ;; ATM hardcoded in other places, so changing breaks stuff
(setq +org-capture-fn
      (lambda ()
        (set-window-parameter nil 'mode-line-format 'none)
        (org-capture))) Roam Basic settings

I’ll just set this to be within Organisation folder for now, in the future it could be worth seeing if I could hook this up to a Nextcloud instance.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-roam-directory "~/Desktop/TEC/Organisation/Roam/")

That said, if the directory doesn’t exist we likely don’t want to be using roam. Since we don’t want to trigger errors (which will happen as soon as roam tries to initialise), let’s not load roam.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-roam :disable t) Modeline file name

All those numbers! It’s messy. Let’s adjust this in a similar way that I have in the Window title.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! doom-modeline--buffer-file-name-roam-aware-a (orig-fun)
  :around #'doom-modeline-buffer-file-name ; takes no args
  (if (s-contains-p org-roam-directory (or buffer-file-name ""))
       "🢔(\\1-\\2-\\3) "
       (subst-char-in-string ?_ ?  buffer-file-name))
    (funcall orig-fun))) Graph view

Org-roam is nice by itself, but there are so extra nice packages which integrate with it.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-roam-ui :recipe (:host github :repo "org-roam/org-roam-ui" :files ("*.el" "out")) :pin "9474a254390b1e42488a1801fed5826b32a8030b")
(package! websocket :pin "82b370602fa0158670b1c6c769f223159affce9b") ; dependency of `org-roam-ui'
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! websocket
  :after org-roam)

(use-package! org-roam-ui
  :after org-roam
  :commands org-roam-ui-open
  :hook (org-roam . org-roam-ui-mode)
  (require 'org-roam) ; in case autoloaded
  (defun org-roam-ui-open ()
    "Ensure the server is active, then open the roam graph."
    (unless org-roam-ui-mode (org-roam-ui-mode 1))
    (browse-url-xdg-open (format "http://localhost:%d" org-roam-ui-port)))) Nicer generated heading IDs

Thanks to alphapapa’s unpackaged.el.

By default, Org generated heading IDs like #org80fc2a5 which … works, but has two issues

  • It’s completely uninformative, I have no idea what’s being referenced
  • If I export the same file, everything will change. Now, while without hardcoded values it’s impossible to set references in stone, it would be nice for there to be a decent chance of staying the same.

Both of these issues can be addressed by generating IDs like #language-configuration, which is what I’ll do here.

It’s worth noting that alphapapa’s use of url-hexify-string seemed to cause me some issues. Replacing that in a53899 resolved this for me. To go one step further, I create a function for producing nice short links, like an inferior version of reftex-label.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-reference-contraction-max-words 3
  "Maximum number of words in a reference reference.")
(defvar org-reference-contraction-max-length 35
  "Maximum length of resulting reference reference, including joining characters.")
(defvar org-reference-contraction-stripped-words
  '("the" "on" "in" "off" "a" "for" "by" "of" "and" "is" "to")
  "Superfluous words to be removed from a reference.")
(defvar org-reference-contraction-joining-char "-"
  "Character used to join words in the reference reference.")

(defun org-reference-contraction-truncate-words (words)
  "Using `org-reference-contraction-max-length' as the total character 'budget' for the WORDS
and truncate individual words to conform to this budget.

To arrive at a budget that accounts for words undershooting their requisite average length,
the number of characters in the budget freed by short words is distributed among the words
exceeding the average length.  This adjusts the per-word budget to be the maximum feasable for
this particular situation, rather than the universal maximum average.

This budget-adjusted per-word maximum length is given by the mathematical expression below:

max length = \\floor{ \\frac{total length - chars for seperators - \\sum_{word \\leq average length} length(word) }{num(words) > average length} }"
  ;; trucate each word to a max word length determined by
  (let* ((total-length-budget (- org-reference-contraction-max-length  ; how many non-separator chars we can use
                                 (1- (length words))))
         (word-length-budget (/ total-length-budget                      ; max length of each word to keep within budget
         (num-overlong (-count (lambda (word)                            ; how many words exceed that budget
                                 (> (length word) word-length-budget))
         (total-short-length (-sum (mapcar (lambda (word)                ; total length of words under that budget
                                             (if (<= (length word) word-length-budget)
                                                 (length word) 0))
         (max-length (/ (- total-length-budget total-short-length)       ; max(max-length) that we can have to fit within the budget
    (mapcar (lambda (word)
              (if (<= (length word) max-length)
                (substring word 0 max-length)))

(defun org-reference-contraction (reference-string)
  "Give a contracted form of REFERENCE-STRING that is only contains alphanumeric characters.
Strips 'joining' words present in `org-reference-contraction-stripped-words',
and then limits the result to the first `org-reference-contraction-max-words' words.
If the total length is > `org-reference-contraction-max-length' then individual words are
truncated to fit within the limit using `org-reference-contraction-truncate-words'."
  (let ((reference-words
         (-filter (lambda (word)
                    (not (member word org-reference-contraction-stripped-words)))
                   (->> reference-string
                        (replace-regexp-in-string "\\[\\[[^]]+\\]\\[\\([^]]+\\)\\]\\]" "\\1") ; get description from org-link
                        (replace-regexp-in-string "[-/ ]+" " ") ; replace seperator-type chars with space
                        (replace-regexp-in-string "^xn--\\(.*?\\) ?-?\\([a-z0-9]+\\)$" "\\2 \\1") ; rearrange punycode
                        (replace-regexp-in-string "[^A-Za-z0-9 ]" "") ; strip chars which need %-encoding in a uri
                        ) " +"))))
    (when (> (length reference-words)
      (setq reference-words
            (cl-subseq reference-words 0 org-reference-contraction-max-words)))

    (when (> (apply #'+ (1- (length reference-words))
                    (mapcar #'length reference-words))
      (setq reference-words (org-reference-contraction-truncate-words reference-words)))

    (string-join reference-words org-reference-contraction-joining-char)))

Now here’s alphapapa’s subtly tweaked mode.

Emacs Lisp
(define-minor-mode unpackaged/org-export-html-with-useful-ids-mode
  "Attempt to export Org as HTML with useful link IDs.
Instead of random IDs like \"#orga1b2c3\", use heading titles,
made unique when necessary."
  :global t
  (if unpackaged/org-export-html-with-useful-ids-mode
      (advice-add #'org-export-get-reference :override #'unpackaged/org-export-get-reference)
    (advice-remove #'org-export-get-reference #'unpackaged/org-export-get-reference)))
(unpackaged/org-export-html-with-useful-ids-mode 1) ; ensure enabled, and advice run

(defun unpackaged/org-export-get-reference (datum info)
  "Like `org-export-get-reference', except uses heading titles instead of random numbers."
  (let ((cache (plist-get info :internal-references)))
    (or (car (rassq datum cache))
        (let* ((crossrefs (plist-get info :crossrefs))
               (cells (org-export-search-cells datum))
               ;; Preserve any pre-existing association between
               ;; a search cell and a reference, i.e., when some
               ;; previously published document referenced a location
               ;; within current file (see
               ;; `org-publish-resolve-external-link').
               ;; However, there is no guarantee that search cells are
               ;; unique, e.g., there might be duplicate custom ID or
               ;; two headings with the same title in the file.
               ;; As a consequence, before re-using any reference to
               ;; an element or object, we check that it doesn't refer
               ;; to a previous element or object.
               (new (or (cl-some
                         (lambda (cell)
                           (let ((stored (cdr (assoc cell crossrefs))))
                             (when stored
                               (let ((old (org-export-format-reference stored)))
                                 (and (not (assoc old cache)) stored)))))
                        (when (org-element-property :raw-value datum)
                          ;; Heading with a title
                          (unpackaged/org-export-new-named-reference datum cache))
                        (when (member (car datum) '(src-block table example fixed-width property-drawer))
                          ;; Nameable elements
                          (unpackaged/org-export-new-named-reference datum cache))
                        ;; NOTE: This probably breaks some Org Export
                        ;; feature, but if it does what I need, fine.
                         (org-export-new-reference cache))))
               (reference-string new))
          ;; Cache contains both data already associated to
          ;; a reference and in-use internal references, so as to make
          ;; unique references.
          (dolist (cell cells) (push (cons cell new) cache))
          ;; Retain a direct association between reference string and
          ;; DATUM since (1) not every object or element can be given
          ;; a search cell (2) it permits quick lookup.
          (push (cons reference-string datum) cache)
          (plist-put info :internal-references cache)

(defun unpackaged/org-export-new-named-reference (datum cache)
  "Return new reference for DATUM that is unique in CACHE."
  (cl-macrolet ((inc-suffixf (place)
                                (string-match (rx bos
                                                  (minimal-match (group (1+ anything)))
                                                  (optional "--" (group (1+ digit)))
                                ;; HACK: `s1' instead of a gensym.
                                (-let* (((s1 suffix) (list (match-string 1 ,place)
                                                           (match-string 2 ,place)))
                                        (suffix (if suffix
                                                    (string-to-number suffix)
                                  (setf ,place (format "%s--%s" s1 (cl-incf suffix)))))))
    (let* ((headline-p (eq (car datum) 'headline))
           (title (if headline-p
                      (org-element-property :raw-value datum)
                    (or (org-element-property :name datum)
                        (concat (org-element-property :raw-value
                                                      (org-element-property :parent
                                                                            (org-element-property :parent datum)))))))
           ;; get ascii-only form of title without needing percent-encoding
           (ref (concat (org-reference-contraction (substring-no-properties title))
                        (unless (or headline-p (org-element-property :name datum))
                          (concat ","
                                  (pcase (car datum)
                                    ('src-block "code")
                                    ('example "example")
                                    ('fixed-width "mono")
                                    ('property-drawer "properties")
                                    (_ (symbol-name (car datum))))
           (parent (when headline-p (org-element-property :parent datum))))
      (while (--any (equal ref (car it))
        ;; Title not unique: make it so.
        (if parent
            ;; Append ancestor title.
            (setf title (concat (org-element-property :raw-value parent)
                                "--" title)
                  ;; get ascii-only form of title without needing percent-encoding
                  ref (org-reference-contraction (substring-no-properties title))
                  parent (when headline-p (org-element-property :parent parent)))
          ;; No more ancestors: add and increment a number.
          (inc-suffixf ref)))

(add-hook 'org-load-hook #'unpackaged/org-export-html-with-useful-ids-mode)

We also need to redefine (org-export-format-reference) as it now may be passed a string as well as a number.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-export-format-reference-a (reference)
  "Format REFERENCE into a string.

REFERENCE is a either a number or a string representing a reference,
as returned by `org-export-new-reference'."
  :override #'org-export-format-reference
  (if (stringp reference) reference (format "org%07x" reference))) Nicer org-return

Once again, from unpackaged.el

Emacs Lisp
(defun unpackaged/org-element-descendant-of (type element)
  "Return non-nil if ELEMENT is a descendant of TYPE.
TYPE should be an element type, like `item' or `paragraph'.
ELEMENT should be a list like that returned by `org-element-context'."
  ;; MAYBE: Use `org-element-lineage'.
  (when-let* ((parent (org-element-property :parent element)))
    (or (eq type (car parent))
        (unpackaged/org-element-descendant-of type parent))))

(defun unpackaged/org-return-dwim (&optional default)
  "A helpful replacement for `org-return-indent'.  With prefix, call `org-return-indent'.

On headings, move point to position after entry content.  In
lists, insert a new item or end the list, with checkbox if
appropriate.  In tables, insert a new row or end the table."
  ;; Inspired by John Kitchin:
  (interactive "P")
  (if default
      (org-return t)
     ;; Act depending on context around point.

     ;; NOTE: I prefer RET to not follow links, but by uncommenting this block, links will be
     ;; followed.

     ;; ((eq 'link (car (org-element-context)))
     ;;  ;; Link: Open it.
     ;;  (org-open-at-point-global))

      ;; Heading: Move to position after entry content.
      ;; NOTE: This is probably the most interesting feature of this function.
      (let ((heading-start (org-entry-beginning-position)))
        (goto-char (org-entry-end-position))
        (cond ((and (org-at-heading-p)
                    (= heading-start (org-entry-beginning-position)))
               ;; Entry ends on its heading; add newline after
               (insert "\n\n"))
               ;; Entry ends after its heading; back up
               (forward-line -1)
               (when (org-at-heading-p)
                 ;; At the same heading
                 (insert "\n")
                 (forward-line -1))
               (while (not (looking-back "\\(?:[[:blank:]]?\n\\)\\{3\\}" nil))
                 (insert "\n"))
               (forward-line -1)))))

      ;; Checkbox: Insert new item with checkbox.
      (org-insert-todo-heading nil))

      ;; Plain list.  Yes, this gets a little complicated...
      (let ((context (org-element-context)))
        (if (or (eq 'plain-list (car context))  ; First item in list
                (and (eq 'item (car context))
                     (not (eq (org-element-property :contents-begin context)
                              (org-element-property :contents-end context))))
                (unpackaged/org-element-descendant-of 'item context))  ; Element in list item, e.g. a link
            ;; Non-empty item: Add new item.
          ;; Empty item: Close the list.
          ;; TODO: Do this with org functions rather than operating on the text. Can't seem to find the right function.
          (delete-region (line-beginning-position) (line-end-position))
          (insert "\n"))))

     ((when (fboundp 'org-inlinetask-in-task-p)
      ;; Inline task: Don't insert a new heading.
      (org-return t))

      (cond ((save-excursion
               ;; See `org-table-next-field'.
               (cl-loop with end = (line-end-position)
                        for cell = (org-element-table-cell-parser)
                        always (equal (org-element-property :contents-begin cell)
                                      (org-element-property :contents-end cell))
                        while (re-search-forward "|" end t)))
             ;; Empty row: end the table.
             (delete-region (line-beginning-position) (line-end-position))
             (org-return t))
             ;; Non-empty row: call `org-return-indent'.
             (org-return t))))
      ;; All other cases: call `org-return-indent'.
      (org-return t)))))

 :after evil-org
 :map evil-org-mode-map
 :i [return] #'unpackaged/org-return-dwim) Snippet Helpers

I often want to set src-block headers, and it’s a pain to

  • type them out
  • remember what the accepted values are
  • oh, and specifying the same language again and again

We can solve this in three steps

  • having one-letter snippets, conditioned on (point) being within a src header
  • creating a nice prompt showing accepted values and the current default
  • pre-filling the src-block language with the last language used

For header args, the keys I’ll use are

  • r for :results
  • e for :exports
  • v for :eval
  • s for :session
  • d for :dir
Emacs Lisp
(defun +yas/org-src-header-p ()
  "Determine whether `point' is within a src-block header or header-args."
  (pcase (org-element-type (org-element-context))
    ('src-block (< (point) ; before code part of the src-block
                   (save-excursion (goto-char (org-element-property :begin (org-element-context)))
                                   (forward-line 1)
    ('inline-src-block (< (point) ; before code part of the inline-src-block
                          (save-excursion (goto-char (org-element-property :begin (org-element-context)))
                                          (search-forward "]{")
    ('keyword (string-match-p "^header-args" (org-element-property :value (org-element-context))))))

Now let’s write a function we can reference in yasnippets to produce a nice interactive way to specify header args.

Emacs Lisp
(defun +yas/org-prompt-header-arg (arg question values)
  "Prompt the user to set ARG header property to one of VALUES with QUESTION.
The default value is identified and indicated. If either default is selected,
or no selection is made: nil is returned."
  (let* ((src-block-p (not (looking-back "^#\\+property:[ \t]+header-args:.*" (line-beginning-position))))
            (cdr (assoc arg
                        (if src-block-p
                            (nth 2 (org-babel-get-src-block-info t))
                           (let ((lang-headers
                                  (intern (concat "org-babel-default-header-args:"
                             (when (boundp lang-headers) (eval lang-headers t)))))))
    (setq values (mapcar
                  (lambda (value)
                    (if (string-match-p (regexp-quote value) default)
                        (setq default-value
                              (concat value " "
                                      (propertize "(default)" 'face 'font-lock-doc-face)))
    (let ((selection (consult--read values :prompt question :default default-value)))
      (unless (or (string-match-p "(default)$" selection)
                  (string= "" selection))

Finally, we fetch the language information for new source blocks.

Since we’re getting this info, we might as well go a step further and also provide the ability to determine the most popular language in the buffer that doesn’t have any header-args set for it (with #+properties).

Emacs Lisp
(defun +yas/org-src-lang ()
  "Try to find the current language of the src/header at `point'.
Return nil otherwise."
  (let ((context (org-element-context)))
    (pcase (org-element-type context)
      ('src-block (org-element-property :language context))
      ('inline-src-block (org-element-property :language context))
      ('keyword (when (string-match "^header-args:\\([^ ]+\\)" (org-element-property :value context))
                  (match-string 1 (org-element-property :value context)))))))

(defun +yas/org-last-src-lang ()
  "Return the language of the last src-block, if it exists."
    (when (re-search-backward "^[ \t]*#\\+begin_src" nil t)
      (org-element-property :language (org-element-context)))))

(defun +yas/org-most-common-no-property-lang ()
  "Find the lang with the most source blocks that has no global header-args, else nil."
  (let (src-langs header-langs)
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward "^[ \t]*#\\+begin_src" nil t)
        (push (+yas/org-src-lang) src-langs))
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (re-search-forward "^[ \t]*#\\+property: +header-args" nil t)
        (push (+yas/org-src-lang) header-langs)))

    (setq src-langs
          (mapcar #'car
                  ;; sort alist by frequency (desc.)
                   ;; generate alist with form (value . frequency)
                   (cl-loop for (n . m) in (seq-group-by #'identity src-langs)
                            collect (cons n (length m)))
                   (lambda (a b) (> (cdr a) (cdr b))))))

    (car (cl-set-difference src-langs header-langs :test #'string=)))) Translate capital keywords (old) to lower case (new)

Everyone used to use #+CAPITAL keywords. Then people realised that #+lowercase is actually both marginally easier and visually nicer, so now the capital version is just used in the manual.

Org is standardized on lower case. Uppercase is used in the manual as a poor man’s bold, and supported for historical reasons. — Nicolas Goaziou on the Org ML

To avoid sometimes having to choose between the hassle out of updating old documents and using mixed syntax, I’ll whip up a basic transcode-y function. It likely misses some edge cases, but should mostly work.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-syntax-convert-keyword-case-to-lower ()
  "Convert all #+KEYWORDS to #+keywords."
    (goto-char (point-min))
    (let ((count 0)
          (case-fold-search nil))
      (while (re-search-forward "^[ \t]*#\\+[A-Z_]+" nil t)
        (unless (s-matches-p "RESULTS" (match-string 0))
          (replace-match (downcase (match-string 0)) t)
          (setq count (1+ count))))
      (message "Replaced %d occurances" count)))) Fix problematic hooks

When one of the org-mode-hook functions errors, it halts the hook execution. This is problematic, and there are two hooks in particular which cause issues. Let’s make their failure less eventful.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! shut-up-org-problematic-hooks (orig-fn &rest args)
  :around #'org-fancy-priorities-mode
  :around #'org-superstar-mode
  (ignore-errors (apply orig-fn args))) Flycheck with org-lint

Org may be simple, but that doesn’t mean there’s no such thing as malformed Org. Thankfully, malformed Org is a much less annoying affair than malformed zipped XML (looks at DOCX/ODT…), particularly because there’s a rather helpful little tool called org-lint bundled with Org that can tell you about your mistakes.

Invisible Formatting

Flycheck doesn’t currently support Org, and there’s aren’t any packages to do so โ˜น. However, in an issue on org-lint there is some code which apparently works. Surely this is what the clipboard was invented for? With that said, let’s regurgitate the code, cross our fingers, and hope it works.

Emacs Lisp
(defconst flycheck-org-lint-form
    (require 'org)
    (require 'org-attach)
    (let ((source (car command-line-args-left))
          (process-default-directory default-directory))
        (insert-file-contents source 'visit)
        (setq buffer-file-name source)
        (setq default-directory process-default-directory)
        (delay-mode-hooks (org-mode))
        (setq delayed-mode-hooks nil)
        (dolist (err (org-lint))
          (let ((inf (cl-second err)))
            (princ (elt inf 0))
            (princ ": ")
            (princ (elt inf 2))

(defconst flycheck-org-lint-variables
  "Variables inherited by the org-lint subprocess.")

(defun flycheck-org-lint-variables-form ()
  (require 'org-attach)  ; Needed to make variables available
     ,@(seq-map (lambda (opt) `(setq-default ,opt ',(symbol-value opt)))
                (seq-filter #'boundp flycheck-org-lint-variables))))

(flycheck-define-checker org-lint
  "Org buffer checker using `org-lint'."
  :command ("emacs" (eval flycheck-emacs-args)
            "--eval" (eval (concat "(add-to-list 'load-path \""
                                   (file-name-directory (locate-library "org"))
            "--eval" (eval (flycheck-sexp-to-string
            "--eval" (eval (flycheck-sexp-to-string
            "--eval" (eval flycheck-org-lint-form)
            "--" source)
  ((error line-start line ": " (message) line-end))
  :modes org-mode)

Turns out it almost works. Running M-x flycheck-verify-setup after running that snippet produces the following:

The following syntax checkers are not registered:
  - org-lint
Try adding these syntax checkers to `flycheck-checkers'.

Well that’s very nice and helpful. We’ll just do that ๐Ÿ™‚.

Emacs Lisp
(add-to-list 'flycheck-checkers 'org-lint)

It was missing custom link types, but that’s easily fixed just by adding org-link-parameters to flycheck-org-lint-variables.

One remaining little annoyance is that it reports extra #+options that I’ve added to Org as errors. So we need to tell org-lint about them without having it load my whole config. Code duplication isn’t great, but at least this isn’t much.

org-syntax-modificationsEmacs Lisp
(defun flycheck-org-lint-customisations-form ()
     (require 'ox)
     (cl-pushnew '(:latex-cover-page nil "coverpage" nil)
                 (org-export-backend-options (org-export-get-backend 'latex)))
     (cl-pushnew '(:latex-font-set nil "fontset" nil)
                 (org-export-backend-options (org-export-get-backend 'latex)))))

5.3.4. Visuals

Here I try to do two things: improve the styling of the various documents, via font changes etc, and also propagate colours from the current theme.

Color Models Font Display

Mixed pitch is great. As is +org-pretty-mode, let’s use them.

Emacs Lisp
(add-hook 'org-mode-hook #'+org-pretty-mode)

Let’s make headings a bit bigger

Emacs Lisp
  '(outline-1 :weight extra-bold :height 1.25)
  '(outline-2 :weight bold :height 1.15)
  '(outline-3 :weight bold :height 1.12)
  '(outline-4 :weight semi-bold :height 1.09)
  '(outline-5 :weight semi-bold :height 1.06)
  '(outline-6 :weight semi-bold :height 1.03)
  '(outline-8 :weight semi-bold)
  '(outline-9 :weight semi-bold))

And the same with the title.

Emacs Lisp
  '(org-document-title :height 1.2))

It seems reasonable to have deadlines in the error face when they’re passed.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-agenda-deadline-faces
      '((1.001 . error)
        (1.0 . org-warning)
        (0.5 . org-upcoming-deadline)
        (0.0 . org-upcoming-distant-deadline)))

We can then have quote blocks stand out a bit more by making them italic.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-fontify-quote-and-verse-blocks t)

Org files can be rather nice to look at, particularly with some of the customisations here. This comes at a cost however, expensive font-lock. Feeling like you’re typing through molasses in large files is no fun, but there is a way I can defer font-locking when typing to make the experience more responsive.

Emacs Lisp
(defun locally-defer-font-lock ()
  "Set jit-lock defer and stealth, when buffer is over a certain size."
  (when (> (buffer-size) 50000)
    (setq-local jit-lock-defer-time 0.05
                jit-lock-stealth-time 1)))

(add-hook 'org-mode-hook #'locally-defer-font-lock)

Apparently this causes issues with some people, but I haven’t noticed anything problematic beyond the expected slight delay in some fontification, so until I do I’ll use the above. Fontifying inline src blocks

Org does lovely things with #+begin_src blocks, like using font-lock for language’s major-mode behind the scenes and pulling out the lovely colourful results. By contrast, inline src_ blocks are somewhat neglected.

I am not the first person to feel this way, thankfully others have taken to stackexchange to voice their desire for inline src fontification. I was going to steal their work, but unfortunately they didn’t perform true source code fontification, but simply applied the org-code face to the content.

We can do better than that, and we shall! Using org-src-font-lock-fontify-block we can apply language-appropriate syntax highlighting. Then, continuing on to {{{results(...)}}} , it can have the org-block face applied to match, and then the value-surrounding constructs hidden by mimicking the behaviour of prettify-symbols-mode.

This currently only highlights a single inline src block per line. I have no idea why it stops, but I’d rather it didn’t. If you have any idea what’s going on or how to fix this please get in touch.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-inline-src-prettify-results '("⟨" . "⟩"))

Doom theme’s extra fontification is more problematic than helpful.

Emacs Lisp
(setq doom-themes-org-fontify-special-tags nil) Symbols

It’s also nice to change the character used for collapsed items (by default โ€ฆ), I think โ–พ is better for indicating ’collapsed section’. and add an extra org-bullet to the default list of four. I’ve also added some fun alternatives, just commented out.

Emacs Lisp
(after! org-superstar
  (setq org-superstar-headline-bullets-list '("◉" "○" "✸" "✿" "✤" "✜" "◆" "▶")
        org-superstar-prettify-item-bullets t ))

(setq org-ellipsis " ▾ "
      org-hide-leading-stars t
      org-priority-highest ?A
      org-priority-lowest ?E
      '((?A . 'all-the-icons-red)
        (?B . 'all-the-icons-orange)
        (?C . 'all-the-icons-yellow)
        (?D . 'all-the-icons-green)
        (?E . 'all-the-icons-blue)))

It’s also nice to make use of the Unicode characters for check boxes, and other commands.

Emacs Lisp
(appendq! +ligatures-extra-symbols
          `(:checkbox      "☐"
            :pending       "◼"
            :checkedbox    "☑"
            :list_property "∷"
            :em_dash       "—"
            :ellipses      "…"
            :arrow_right   "→"
            :arrow_left    "←"
            :title         "𝙏"
            :subtitle      "𝙩"
            :author        "𝘼"
            :date          "𝘿"
            :property      "☸"
            :options       "⌥"
            :startup       "⏻"
            :macro         "𝓜"
            :html_head     "🅷"
            :html          "🅗"
            :latex_class   "🄻"
            :latex_header  "🅻"
            :beamer_header "🅑"
            :latex         "🅛"
            :attr_latex    "🄛"
            :attr_html     "🄗"
            :attr_org      "⒪"
            :begin_quote   "❝"
            :end_quote     "❞"
            :caption       "☰"
            :header        "›"
            :results       "🠶"
            :begin_export  "⏩"
            :end_export    "⏪"
            :properties    "⚙"
            :end           "∎"
            :priority_a   ,(propertize "⚑" 'face 'all-the-icons-red)
            :priority_b   ,(propertize "⬆" 'face 'all-the-icons-orange)
            :priority_c   ,(propertize "■" 'face 'all-the-icons-yellow)
            :priority_d   ,(propertize "⬇" 'face 'all-the-icons-green)
            :priority_e   ,(propertize "❓" 'face 'all-the-icons-blue)))
(set-ligatures! 'org-mode
  :merge t
  :checkbox      "[ ]"
  :pending       "[-]"
  :checkedbox    "[X]"
  :list_property "::"
  :em_dash       "---"
  :ellipsis      "..."
  :arrow_right   "->"
  :arrow_left    "<-"
  :title         "#+title:"
  :subtitle      "#+subtitle:"
  :author        "#+author:"
  :date          "#+date:"
  :property      "#+property:"
  :options       "#+options:"
  :startup       "#+startup:"
  :macro         "#+macro:"
  :html_head     "#+html_head:"
  :html          "#+html:"
  :latex_class   "#+latex_class:"
  :latex_header  "#+latex_header:"
  :beamer_header "#+beamer_header:"
  :latex         "#+latex:"
  :attr_latex    "#+attr_latex:"
  :attr_html     "#+attr_html:"
  :attr_org      "#+attr_org:"
  :begin_quote   "#+begin_quote"
  :end_quote     "#+end_quote"
  :caption       "#+caption:"
  :header        "#+header:"
  :begin_export  "#+begin_export"
  :end_export    "#+end_export"
  :results       "#+RESULTS:"
  :property      ":PROPERTIES:"
  :end           ":END:"
  :priority_a    "[#A]"
  :priority_b    "[#B]"
  :priority_c    "[#C]"
  :priority_d    "[#D]"
  :priority_e    "[#E]")
(plist-put +ligatures-extra-symbols :name "⁍")

org-superstar-mode is great. While we’re at it we may as well make tags prettier as well ๐Ÿ™‚

Emacs Lisp
;; (package! org-pretty-tags :pin "5c7521651b35ae9a7d3add4a66ae8cc176ae1c76")
Emacs Lisp
;; (use-package org-pretty-tags
;; :config
;;  (setq org-pretty-tags-surrogate-strings
;;        `(("uni"        . ,(all-the-icons-faicon   "graduation-cap" :face 'all-the-icons-purple  :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("ucc"        . ,(all-the-icons-material "computer"       :face 'all-the-icons-silver  :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("assignment" . ,(all-the-icons-material "library_books"  :face 'all-the-icons-orange  :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("test"       . ,(all-the-icons-material "timer"          :face 'all-the-icons-red     :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("lecture"    . ,(all-the-icons-fileicon "keynote"        :face 'all-the-icons-orange  :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("email"      . ,(all-the-icons-faicon   "envelope"       :face 'all-the-icons-blue    :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("read"       . ,(all-the-icons-octicon  "book"           :face 'all-the-icons-lblue   :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("article"    . ,(all-the-icons-octicon  "file-text"      :face 'all-the-icons-yellow  :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("web"        . ,(all-the-icons-faicon   "globe"          :face 'all-the-icons-green   :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("info"       . ,(all-the-icons-faicon   "info-circle"    :face 'all-the-icons-blue    :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("issue"      . ,(all-the-icons-faicon   "bug"            :face 'all-the-icons-red     :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("someday"    . ,(all-the-icons-faicon   "calendar-o"     :face 'all-the-icons-cyan    :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("idea"       . ,(all-the-icons-octicon  "light-bulb"     :face 'all-the-icons-yellow  :v-adjust 0.01))
;;          ("emacs"      . ,(all-the-icons-fileicon "emacs"          :face 'all-the-icons-lpurple :v-adjust 0.01))))
;;  (org-pretty-tags-global-mode)) LaTeX Fragments Prettier highlighting

First off, we want those fragments to look good.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-highlight-latex-and-related '(native script entities))

However, by using native highlighting the org-block face is added, and that doesn’t look too great — particularly when the fragments are previewed.

Ideally org-src-font-lock-fontify-block wouldn’t add the org-block face, but we can avoid advising that entire function by just adding another face with :inherit default which will override the background colour.

Inspecting org-do-latex-and-related shows that "latex" is the language argument passed, and so we can override the background as discussed above.

Emacs Lisp
(require 'org-src)
(add-to-list 'org-src-block-faces '("latex" (:inherit default :extend t))) More eager rendering

What’s better than syntax-highlighted LaTeX is rendered LaTeX though, and we can have this be performed automatically with org-fragtog.

Emacs Lisp
(package! org-fragtog :pin "680606189d5d28039e6f9301b55ec80517a24005")
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! org-fragtog
  :hook (org-mode . org-fragtog-mode)) Prettier rendering

It’s nice to customise the look of LaTeX fragments so they fit better in the text — like this \(\sqrt{\beta^2+3}-\sum_{\phi=1}^\infty \frac{x^\phi-1}{\Gamma(a)}\). Let’s start by adding a sans font. I’d also like to use some of the functionality from bmc-maths, so we’ll load that too.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-format-latex-header "\\documentclass{article}



\\pagestyle{empty}             % do not remove
% The settings below are copied from fullpage.sty
% my custom stuff

Since we can, instead of making the background colour match the default face, let’s make it transparent.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-format-latex-options
      (plist-put org-format-latex-options :background "Transparent")) Rendering speed tests

We can either render from a dvi or pdf file, so let’s benchmark latex and pdflatex.

latex time pdflatex time
135 ± 2 ms 215 ± 3 ms

On the rendering side, there are two .dvi-to-image converters which I am interested in: dvipng and dvisvgm. Then with the a .pdf we have pdf2svg. For inline preview we care about speed, while for exporting we care about file size and prefer a vector graphic.

Using the above latex expression and benchmarking lead to the following results:

dvipng time dvisvgm time pdf2svg time
89 ± 2 ms 178 ± 2 ms 12 ± 2 ms

Now let’s combine this to see what’s best

Tool chain Total time Resultant file size
latex + dvipng 226 ± 2 ms 7 KiB
latex + dvisvgm 392 ± 4 ms 8 KiB
pdflatex + pdf2svg 230 ± 2 ms 16 KiB

So, let’s use dvipng for previewing LaTeX fragments in-Emacs, but dvisvgm for

Unfortunately, it seems that SVG sizing is annoying ATM, so let’s actually not do this right now. Stolen from scimax (semi-working right now)

I want fragment justification

Emacs Lisp
(defun scimax-org-latex-fragment-justify (justification)
  "Justify the latex fragment at point with JUSTIFICATION.
JUSTIFICATION is a symbol for 'left, 'center or 'right."
   (list (intern-soft
          (completing-read "Justification (left): " '(left center right)
                           nil t nil nil 'left))))
  (let* ((ov (ov-at))
         (beg (ov-beg ov))
         (end (ov-end ov))
         (shift (- beg (line-beginning-position)))
         (img (overlay-get ov 'display))
         (img (and (and img (consp img) (eq (car img) 'image)
                        (image-type-available-p (plist-get (cdr img) :type)))
         space-left offset)
    (when (and img
               ;; This means the equation is at the start of the line
               (= beg (line-beginning-position))
                (string= "" (s-trim (buffer-substring end (line-end-position))))
                (eq 'latex-environment (car (org-element-context)))))
      (setq space-left (- (window-max-chars-per-line) (car (image-size img)))
            offset (floor (cond
                           ((eq justification 'center)
                            (- (/ space-left 2) shift))
                           ((eq justification 'right)
                            (- space-left shift))
      (when (>= offset 0)
        (overlay-put ov 'before-string (make-string offset ?\ ))))))

(defun scimax-org-latex-fragment-justify-advice (beg end image imagetype)
  "After advice function to justify fragments."
  (scimax-org-latex-fragment-justify (or (plist-get org-format-latex-options :justify) 'left)))

(defun scimax-toggle-latex-fragment-justification ()
  "Toggle if LaTeX fragment justification options can be used."
  (if (not (get 'scimax-org-latex-fragment-justify-advice 'enabled))
        (advice-add 'org--format-latex-make-overlay :after 'scimax-org-latex-fragment-justify-advice)
        (put 'scimax-org-latex-fragment-justify-advice 'enabled t)
        (message "Latex fragment justification enabled"))
    (advice-remove 'org--format-latex-make-overlay 'scimax-org-latex-fragment-justify-advice)
    (put 'scimax-org-latex-fragment-justify-advice 'enabled nil)
    (message "Latex fragment justification disabled")))

There’s also this lovely equation numbering stuff I’ll nick

Emacs Lisp
;; Numbered equations all have (1) as the number for fragments with vanilla
;; org-mode. This code injects the correct numbers into the previews so they
;; look good.
(defun scimax-org-renumber-environment (orig-func &rest args)
  "A function to inject numbers in LaTeX fragment previews."
  (let ((results '())
        (counter -1)
    (setq results (cl-loop for (begin . env) in
                           (org-element-map (org-element-parse-buffer) 'latex-environment
                             (lambda (env)
                                (org-element-property :begin env)
                                (org-element-property :value env))))
                            ((and (string-match "\\\\begin{equation}" env)
                                  (not (string-match "\\\\tag{" env)))
                             (cl-incf counter)
                             (cons begin counter))
                            ((string-match "\\\\begin{align}" env)
                                 (cl-incf counter)
                                 (cons begin counter)
                                 (insert env)
                                 (goto-char (point-min))
                                 ;; \\ is used for a new line. Each one leads to a number
                                 (cl-incf counter (count-matches "\\\\$"))
                                 ;; unless there are nonumbers.
                                 (goto-char (point-min))
                                 (cl-decf counter (count-matches "\\nonumber")))))
                             (cons begin nil)))))

    (when (setq numberp (cdr (assoc (point) results)))
      (setf (car args)
             (format "\\setcounter{equation}{%s}\n" numberp)
             (car args)))))

  (apply orig-func args))

(defun scimax-toggle-latex-equation-numbering ()
  "Toggle whether LaTeX fragments are numbered."
  (if (not (get 'scimax-org-renumber-environment 'enabled))
        (advice-add 'org-create-formula-image :around #'scimax-org-renumber-environment)
        (put 'scimax-org-renumber-environment 'enabled t)
        (message "Latex numbering enabled"))
    (advice-remove 'org-create-formula-image #'scimax-org-renumber-environment)
    (put 'scimax-org-renumber-environment 'enabled nil)
    (message "Latex numbering disabled.")))

(advice-add 'org-create-formula-image :around #'scimax-org-renumber-environment)
(put 'scimax-org-renumber-environment 'enabled t) Org Plot

We can use some of the variables in org-plot to use the current doom theme colours.

Emacs Lisp
(after! org-plot
  (defun org-plot/generate-theme (_type)
    "Use the current Doom theme colours to generate a GnuPlot preamble."
    (format "
fgt = \"textcolor rgb '%s'\" # foreground text
fgat = \"textcolor rgb '%s'\" # foreground alt text
fgl = \"linecolor rgb '%s'\" # foreground line
fgal = \"linecolor rgb '%s'\" # foreground alt line

# foreground colors
set border lc rgb '%s'
# change text colors of  tics
set xtics @fgt
set ytics @fgt
# change text colors of labels
set title @fgt
set xlabel @fgt
set ylabel @fgt
# change a text color of key
set key @fgt

# line styles
set linetype 1 lw 2 lc rgb '%s' # red
set linetype 2 lw 2 lc rgb '%s' # blue
set linetype 3 lw 2 lc rgb '%s' # green
set linetype 4 lw 2 lc rgb '%s' # magenta
set linetype 5 lw 2 lc rgb '%s' # orange
set linetype 6 lw 2 lc rgb '%s' # yellow
set linetype 7 lw 2 lc rgb '%s' # teal
set linetype 8 lw 2 lc rgb '%s' # violet

# border styles
set tics out nomirror
set border 3

# palette
set palette maxcolors 8
set palette defined ( 0 '%s',\
1 '%s',\
2 '%s',\
3 '%s',\
4 '%s',\
5 '%s',\
6 '%s',\
7 '%s' )
            (doom-color 'fg)
            (doom-color 'fg-alt)
            (doom-color 'fg)
            (doom-color 'fg-alt)
            (doom-color 'fg)
            ;; colours
            (doom-color 'red)
            (doom-color 'blue)
            (doom-color 'green)
            (doom-color 'magenta)
            (doom-color 'orange)
            (doom-color 'yellow)
            (doom-color 'teal)
            (doom-color 'violet)
            ;; duplicated
            (doom-color 'red)
            (doom-color 'blue)
            (doom-color 'green)
            (doom-color 'magenta)
            (doom-color 'orange)
            (doom-color 'yellow)
            (doom-color 'teal)
            (doom-color 'violet)
  (defun org-plot/gnuplot-term-properties (_type)
    (format "background rgb '%s' size 1050,650"
            (doom-color 'bg)))
  (setq org-plot/gnuplot-script-preamble #'org-plot/generate-theme)
  (setq org-plot/gnuplot-term-extra #'org-plot/gnuplot-term-properties))

5.3.5. Exporting General settings

By default Org only exports the first three levels of headings as … headings. This is rather unfortunate as my documents frequently stray far beyond three levels of depth. The two main formats I care about exporting to are LaTeX and HTML. When using an article class, LaTeX headlines go from \section, \subsection, \subsubsection, and \paragraph to \subgraphfive levels. HTML5 has six levels of headings (<h1> to <h6>), but first level Org headings get exported as <h2> elements — leaving five usable levels.

As such, it would seem to make sense to recognise the first five levels of Org headings when exporting.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-export-headline-levels 5) ; I like nesting

I’m also going to make use of an item in ox-extra so that I can add an :ignore: tag to headings for the content to be kept, but the heading itself ignored (unlike :noexport: which ignored both heading and content). This is useful when I want to use headings to provide a structure for writing that doesn’t appear in the final documents.

Emacs Lisp
(require 'ox-extra)
(ox-extras-activate '(ignore-headlines))

Since I (roughly) track Org HEAD, it makes sense to include the git version in the creator string.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-export-creator-string
      (format "Emacs %s (Org mode %s–%s)" emacs-version (org-release) (org-git-version))) Acronym formatting

I like automatically using spaced small caps for acronyms. For strings I want to be unaffected let’s use ; as a prefix to prevent the transformation — i.e. ;JFK (as one would want for two-letter geographic locations and names).

This has to be implemented on a per-format basis, currently HTML and LaTeX exports are supported.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-export-filter-text-acronym (text backend _info)
  "Wrap suspected acronyms in acronyms-specific formatting.
Treat sequences of 2+ capital letters (optionally succeeded by \"s\") as an acronym.
Ignore if preceeded by \";\" (for manual prevention) or \"\\\" (for LaTeX commands).

TODO abstract backend implementations."
  (let ((base-backend
          ((org-export-derived-backend-p backend 'latex) 'latex)
          ;; Markdown is derived from HTML, but we don't want to format it
          ((org-export-derived-backend-p backend 'md) nil)
          ((org-export-derived-backend-p backend 'html) 'html)))
        (case-fold-search nil))
    (when base-backend
       (lambda (all-caps-str)
         (cond ((equal (aref all-caps-str 0) ?\\) all-caps-str)                ; don't format LaTeX commands
               ((equal (aref all-caps-str 0) ?\;) (substring all-caps-str 1))  ; just remove not-acronym indicator char ";"
               (t (let* ((final-char (if (string-match-p "[^A-Za-z]" (substring all-caps-str -1 (length all-caps-str)))
                                         (substring all-caps-str -1 (length all-caps-str))
                                       nil)) ; needed to re-insert the [^A-Za-z] at the end
                         (trailing-s (equal (aref all-caps-str (- (length all-caps-str) (if final-char 2 1))) ?s))
                         (acr (if final-char
                                  (substring all-caps-str 0 (if trailing-s -2 -1))
                                (substring all-caps-str 0 (+ (if trailing-s -1 (length all-caps-str)))))))
                    (pcase base-backend
                      ('latex (concat "\\acr{" (s-downcase acr) "}" (when trailing-s "\\acrs{}") final-char))
                      ('html (concat "<span class='acr'>" acr "</span>" (when trailing-s "<small>s</small>") final-char)))))))
       text t t))))

(add-to-list 'org-export-filter-plain-text-functions

;; We won't use `org-export-filter-headline-functions' because it
;; passes (and formats) the entire section contents. That's no good.

(defun org-html-format-headline-acronymised (todo todo-type priority text tags info)
  "Like `org-html-format-headline-default-function', but with acronym formatting."
   todo todo-type priority (org-export-filter-text-acronym text 'html info) tags info))
(setq org-html-format-headline-function #'org-html-format-headline-acronymised)

(defun org-latex-format-headline-acronymised (todo todo-type priority text tags info)
  "Like `org-latex-format-headline-default-function', but with acronym formatting."
   todo todo-type priority (org-export-filter-text-acronym text 'latex info) tags info))
(setq org-latex-format-headline-function #'org-latex-format-headline-acronymised)

5.3.6. HTML Export

I want to tweak a whole bunch of things. While I’ll want my tweaks almost all the time, occasionally I may want to test how something turns out using a more default config. With that in mind, a global minor mode seems like the most appropriate architecture to use.

Emacs Lisp
(define-minor-mode org-fancy-html-export-mode
  "Toggle my fabulous org export tweaks. While this mode itself does a little bit,
the vast majority of the change in behaviour comes from switch statements in:
 - `org-html-template-fancier'
 - `org-html--build-meta-info-extended'
 - `org-html-src-block-collapsable'
 - `org-html-block-collapsable'
 - `org-html-table-wrapped'
 - `org-html--format-toc-headline-colapseable'
 - `org-html--toc-text-stripped-leaves'
 - `org-export-html-headline-anchor'"
  :global t
  :init-value t
  (if org-fancy-html-export-mode
      (setq org-html-style-default org-html-style-fancy
            org-html-meta-tags #'org-html-meta-tags-fancy
            org-html-checkbox-type 'html-span)
    (setq org-html-style-default org-html-style-plain
          org-html-meta-tags #'org-html-meta-tags-default
          org-html-checkbox-type 'html)))

There are quite a few instances where I want to modify variables defined in ox-html, so we’ll wrap the contents of this section in a (after! ox-html ...) block.

Emacs Lisp
(after! ox-html
) Extra header content

We want to tack on a few more bits to the start of the body. Unfortunately, there doesn’t seem to be any nice variable or hook, so we’ll just override the relevant function.

This is done to allow me to add the date and author to the page header, implement a CSS-only light/dark theme toggle, and a sprinkle of Open Graph metadata.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-html-template-fancier (orig-fn contents info)
  "Return complete document string after HTML conversion.
CONTENTS is the transcoded contents string.  INFO is a plist
holding export options. Adds a few extra things to the body
compared to the default implementation."
  :around #'org-html-template
  (if (or (not org-fancy-html-export-mode) (bound-and-true-p org-msg-export-in-progress))
      (funcall orig-fn contents info)
     (when (and (not (org-html-html5-p info)) (org-html-xhtml-p info))
       (let* ((xml-declaration (plist-get info :html-xml-declaration))
              (decl (or (and (stringp xml-declaration) xml-declaration)
                        (cdr (assoc (plist-get info :html-extension)
                        (cdr (assoc "html" xml-declaration))
         (when (not (or (not decl) (string= "" decl)))
           (format "%s\n"
                   (format decl
                           (or (and org-html-coding-system
                                    (fboundp 'coding-system-get)
                                    (coding-system-get org-html-coding-system 'mime-charset))
     (org-html-doctype info)
     (concat "<html"
             (cond ((org-html-xhtml-p info)
                     " xmlns=\"\" lang=\"%s\" xml:lang=\"%s\""
                     (plist-get info :language) (plist-get info :language)))
                   ((org-html-html5-p info)
                    (format " lang=\"%s\"" (plist-get info :language))))
     (org-html--build-meta-info info)
     (org-html--build-head info)
     (org-html--build-mathjax-config info)
     "<body>\n<input type='checkbox' id='theme-switch'><div id='page'><label id='switch-label' for='theme-switch'></label>"
     (let ((link-up (org-trim (plist-get info :html-link-up)))
           (link-home (org-trim (plist-get info :html-link-home))))
       (unless (and (string= link-up "") (string= link-home ""))
         (format (plist-get info :html-home/up-format)
                 (or link-up link-home)
                 (or link-home link-up))))
     ;; Preamble.
     (org-html--build-pre/postamble 'preamble info)
     ;; Document contents.
     (let ((div (assq 'content (plist-get info :html-divs))))
       (format "<%s id=\"%s\">\n" (nth 1 div) (nth 2 div)))
     ;; Document title.
     (when (plist-get info :with-title)
       (let ((title (and (plist-get info :with-title)
                         (plist-get info :title)))
             (subtitle (plist-get info :subtitle))
             (html5-fancy (org-html--html5-fancy-p info)))
         (when title
            (if html5-fancy
                "<header class=\"page-header\">%s\n<h1 class=\"title\">%s</h1>\n%s</header>"
              "<h1 class=\"title\">%s%s</h1>\n")
            (if (or (plist-get info :with-date)
                    (plist-get info :with-author))
                (concat "<div class=\"page-meta\">"
                        (when (plist-get info :with-date)
                          (org-export-data (plist-get info :date) info))
                        (when (and (plist-get info :with-date) (plist-get info :with-author)) ", ")
                        (when (plist-get info :with-author)
                          (org-export-data (plist-get info :author) info))
            (org-export-data title info)
            (if subtitle
                 (if html5-fancy
                     "<p class=\"subtitle\" role=\"doc-subtitle\">%s</p>\n"
                   (concat "\n" (org-html-close-tag "br" nil info) "\n"
                           "<span class=\"subtitle\">%s</span>\n"))
                 (org-export-data subtitle info))
     (format "</%s>\n" (nth 1 (assq 'content (plist-get info :html-divs))))
     ;; Postamble.
     (org-html--build-pre/postamble 'postamble info)
     ;; Possibly use the Klipse library live code blocks.
     (when (plist-get info :html-klipsify-src)
       (concat "<script>" (plist-get info :html-klipse-selection-script)
               "</script><script src=\""
               "\"></script><link rel=\"stylesheet\" type=\"text/css\" href=\""
               org-html-klipse-css "\"/>"))
     ;; Closing document.

I think it would be nice if “Table of Contents” brought you back to the top of the page. Well, since we’ve done this much advising already…

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-html-toc-linked (depth info &optional scope)
  "Build a table of contents.

Just like `org-html-toc', except the header is a link to \"#\".

DEPTH is an integer specifying the depth of the table.  INFO is
a plist used as a communication channel.  Optional argument SCOPE
is an element defining the scope of the table.  Return the table
of contents as a string, or nil if it is empty."
  :override #'org-html-toc
  (let ((toc-entries
         (mapcar (lambda (headline)
                   (cons (org-html--format-toc-headline headline info)
                         (org-export-get-relative-level headline info)))
                 (org-export-collect-headlines info depth scope))))
    (when toc-entries
      (let ((toc (concat "<div id=\"text-table-of-contents\">"
                         (org-html--toc-text toc-entries)
        (if scope toc
          (let ((outer-tag (if (org-html--html5-fancy-p info)
            (concat (format "<%s id=\"table-of-contents\">\n" outer-tag)
                    (let ((top-level (plist-get info :html-toplevel-hlevel)))
                      (format "<h%d><a href=\"#\" style=\"color:inherit; text-decoration: none;\">%s</a></h%d>\n"
                              (org-html--translate "Table of Contents" info)
                    (format "</%s>\n" outer-tag))))))))

Lastly, let’s pile on some metadata. This gives my pages nice embeds.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-html-meta-tags-opengraph-image
  '(:image ""
    :type "image/png"
    :width "200"
    :height "200"
    :alt "Green fountain pen nib")
  "Plist of og:image:PROP properties and their value, for use in `org-html-meta-tags-fancy'.")

(defun org-html-meta-tags-fancy (info)
  "Use the INFO plist to construct the meta tags, as described in `org-html-meta-tags'."
  (let ((title (org-html-plain-text
                (org-element-interpret-data (plist-get info :title)) info))
        (author (and (plist-get info :with-author)
                     (let ((auth (plist-get info :author)))
                       ;; Return raw Org syntax.
                       (and auth (org-html-plain-text
                                  (org-element-interpret-data auth) info))))))
      (when (org-string-nw-p author)
        (list "name" "author" author))
      (when (org-string-nw-p (plist-get info :description))
        (list "name" "description"
              (plist-get info :description)))
      '("name" "generator" "org mode")
      '("name" "theme-color" "#77aa99")
      '("property" "og:type" "article")
      (list "property" "og:title" title)
      (let ((subtitle (org-export-data (plist-get info :subtitle) info)))
        (when (org-string-nw-p subtitle)
          (list "property" "og:description" subtitle))))
     (when org-html-meta-tags-opengraph-image
       (list (list "property" "og:image" (plist-get org-html-meta-tags-opengraph-image :image))
             (list "property" "og:image:type" (plist-get org-html-meta-tags-opengraph-image :type))
             (list "property" "og:image:width" (plist-get org-html-meta-tags-opengraph-image :width))
             (list "property" "og:image:height" (plist-get org-html-meta-tags-opengraph-image :height))
             (list "property" "og:image:alt" (plist-get org-html-meta-tags-opengraph-image :alt))))
      (when (org-string-nw-p author)
        (list "property" "og:article:author:first_name" (car (s-split-up-to " " author 2))))
      (when (and (org-string-nw-p author) (s-contains-p " " author))
        (list "property" "og:article:author:last_name" (cadr (s-split-up-to " " author 2))))
      (list "property" "og:article:published_time"
              (when-let ((date-str (cadar (org-collect-keywords '("DATE")))))
                (unless (string= date-str (format-time-string "%F"))
                  (ignore-errors (encode-time (org-parse-time-string date-str)))))
              (if buffer-file-name
                  (file-attribute-modification-time (file-attributes buffer-file-name))
      (when buffer-file-name
        (list "property" "og:article:modified_time"
              (format-time-string "%FT%T%z" (file-attribute-modification-time (file-attributes buffer-file-name)))))))))

(unless (functionp #'org-html-meta-tags-default)
  (defalias 'org-html-meta-tags-default #'ignore))
(setq org-html-meta-tags #'org-html-meta-tags-fancy) Custom CSS/JS

The default org HTML export is … alright, but we can really jazz it up. has a really nice style, and from and org export too! Suffice to say I’ve snatched it, with a few of my own tweaks applied.

<link rel="icon" href="" type="image/ico" />

<link rel="preload" as="font" crossorigin="anonymous" type="font/woff2" href="">
<link rel="preload" as="font" crossorigin="anonymous" type="font/woff2" href="">
<link rel="preload" as="font" crossorigin="anonymous" type="font/woff2" href="">
<link rel="preload" as="font" crossorigin="anonymous" type="font/woff2" href="">
<link rel="preload" as="font" crossorigin="anonymous" type="font/woff2" href="">
Emacs Lisp
(setq org-html-style-plain org-html-style-default
      org-html-htmlize-output-type 'css
      org-html-doctype "html5"
      org-html-html5-fancy t)

(defun org-html-reload-fancy-style ()
  (setq org-html-style-fancy
        (concat (f-read-text (expand-file-name "misc/org-export-header.html" doom-private-dir))
                (f-read-text (expand-file-name "misc/org-css/main.js" doom-private-dir))
                (f-read-text (expand-file-name "misc/org-css/main.min.css" doom-private-dir))
  (when org-fancy-html-export-mode
    (setq org-html-style-default org-html-style-fancy)))
(org-html-reload-fancy-style) Collapsable src and example blocks

By wrapping the <pre> element in a <details> block, we can obtain collapsable blocks with no CSS, though we will toss a little in anyway to have this looking somewhat spiffy.

Since this collapsability seems useful to have on by default for certain chunks of code, it would be nice if you could set it with #+attr_html: :collapsed t.

It would be nice to also have a corresponding global / session-local way of setting this, but I haven’t quite been able to get that working (yet).

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-html-export-collapsed nil)
(eval '(cl-pushnew '(:collapsed "COLLAPSED" "collapsed" org-html-export-collapsed t)
                   (org-export-backend-options (org-export-get-backend 'html))))
(add-to-list 'org-default-properties "EXPORT_COLLAPSED")

We can take our src block modification a step further, and add a gutter on the side of the src block containing both an anchor referencing the current block, and a button to copy the content of the block.

Src blocksEmacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-html-src-block-collapsable (orig-fn src-block contents info)
  "Wrap the usual <pre> block in a <details>"
  :around #'org-html-src-block
  (if (or (not org-fancy-html-export-mode) (bound-and-true-p org-msg-export-in-progress))
      (funcall orig-fn src-block contents info)
    (let* ((properties (cadr src-block))
           (lang (mode-name-to-lang-name
                  (plist-get properties :language)))
           (name (plist-get properties :name))
           (ref (org-export-get-reference src-block info))
           (collapsed-p (member (or (org-export-read-attribute :attr_html src-block :collapsed)
                                    (plist-get info :collapsed))
                                '("y" "yes" "t" t "true" "all"))))
       "<details id='%s' class='code'%s><summary%s>%s</summary>
<div class='gutter'>
<a href='#%s'>#</a>
<button title='Copy to clipboard' onclick='copyPreToClipbord(this)'>⎘</button>\
       (if collapsed-p "" " open")
       (if name " class='named'" "")
        (when name (concat "<span class=\"name\">" name "</span>"))
        "<span class=\"lang\">" lang "</span>")
       (if name
           (replace-regexp-in-string (format "<pre\\( class=\"[^\"]+\"\\)? id=\"%s\">" ref) "<pre\\1>"
                                     (funcall orig-fn src-block contents info))
         (funcall orig-fn src-block contents info))))))

(defun mode-name-to-lang-name (mode)
  (or (cadr (assoc mode
                   '(("asymptote" "Asymptote")
                     ("awk" "Awk")
                     ("C" "C")
                     ("clojure" "Clojure")
                     ("css" "CSS")
                     ("D" "D")
                     ("ditaa" "ditaa")
                     ("dot" "Graphviz")
                     ("calc" "Emacs Calc")
                     ("emacs-lisp" "Emacs Lisp")
                     ("fortran" "Fortran")
                     ("gnuplot" "gnuplot")
                     ("haskell" "Haskell")
                     ("hledger" "hledger")
                     ("java" "Java")
                     ("js" "Javascript")
                     ("latex" "LaTeX")
                     ("ledger" "Ledger")
                     ("lisp" "Lisp")
                     ("lilypond" "Lilypond")
                     ("lua" "Lua")
                     ("matlab" "MATLAB")
                     ("mscgen" "Mscgen")
                     ("ocaml" "Objective Caml")
                     ("octave" "Octave")
                     ("org" "Org mode")
                     ("oz" "OZ")
                     ("plantuml" "Plantuml")
                     ("processing" "Processing.js")
                     ("python" "Python")
                     ("R" "R")
                     ("ruby" "Ruby")
                     ("sass" "Sass")
                     ("scheme" "Scheme")
                     ("screen" "Gnu Screen")
                     ("sed" "Sed")
                     ("sh" "shell")
                     ("sql" "SQL")
                     ("sqlite" "SQLite")
                     ("forth" "Forth")
                     ("io" "IO")
                     ("J" "J")
                     ("makefile" "Makefile")
                     ("maxima" "Maxima")
                     ("perl" "Perl")
                     ("picolisp" "Pico Lisp")
                     ("scala" "Scala")
                     ("shell" "Shell Script")
                     ("ebnf2ps" "ebfn2ps")
                     ("cpp" "C++")
                     ("abc" "ABC")
                     ("coq" "Coq")
                     ("groovy" "Groovy")
                     ("bash" "bash")
                     ("csh" "csh")
                     ("ash" "ash")
                     ("dash" "dash")
                     ("ksh" "ksh")
                     ("mksh" "mksh")
                     ("posh" "posh")
                     ("ada" "Ada")
                     ("asm" "Assembler")
                     ("caml" "Caml")
                     ("delphi" "Delphi")
                     ("html" "HTML")
                     ("idl" "IDL")
                     ("mercury" "Mercury")
                     ("metapost" "MetaPost")
                     ("modula-2" "Modula-2")
                     ("pascal" "Pascal")
                     ("ps" "PostScript")
                     ("prolog" "Prolog")
                     ("simula" "Simula")
                     ("tcl" "tcl")
                     ("tex" "LaTeX")
                     ("plain-tex" "TeX")
                     ("verilog" "Verilog")
                     ("vhdl" "VHDL")
                     ("xml" "XML")
                     ("nxml" "XML")
                     ("conf" "Configuration File"))))
Example, fixed width, and property blocksEmacs Lisp
(defun org-html-block-collapsable (orig-fn block contents info)
  "Wrap the usual block in a <details>"
  (if (or (not org-fancy-html-export-mode) (bound-and-true-p org-msg-export-in-progress))
      (funcall orig-fn block contents info)
    (let ((ref (org-export-get-reference block info))
          (type (pcase (car block)
                  ('property-drawer "Properties")))
          (collapsed-default (pcase (car block)
                               ('property-drawer t)
                               (_ nil)))
          (collapsed-value (org-export-read-attribute :attr_html block :collapsed))
          (collapsed-p (or (member (org-export-read-attribute :attr_html block :collapsed)
                                   '("y" "yes" "t" t "true"))
                           (member (plist-get info :collapsed) '("all")))))
       "<details id='%s' class='code'%s>
<div class='gutter'>\
<a href='#%s'>#</a>
<button title='Copy to clipboard' onclick='copyPreToClipbord(this)'>⎘</button>\
       (if (or collapsed-p collapsed-default) "" " open")
       (if type " class='named'" "")
       (if type (format "<span class='type'>%s</span>" type) "")
       (funcall orig-fn block contents info)))))

(advice-add 'org-html-example-block   :around #'org-html-block-collapsable)
(advice-add 'org-html-fixed-width     :around #'org-html-block-collapsable)
(advice-add 'org-html-property-drawer :around #'org-html-block-collapsable) Include extra font-locking in htmlize

Org uses htmlize.el to export buffers with syntax highlighting.

The works fantastically, for the most part. Minor modes that provide font-locking are not loaded, and so do not impact the result.

By enabling these modes in htmlize-before-hook we can correct this behaviour.

Emacs Lisp
(autoload #'highlight-numbers--turn-on "highlight-numbers")
(add-hook 'htmlize-before-hook #'highlight-numbers--turn-on) Handle table overflow

In order to accommodate wide tables —particularly on mobile devices— we want to set a maximum width and scroll overflow. Unfortunately, this cannot be applied directly to the table element, so we have to wrap it in a div.

While we’re at it, we can a link gutter, as we did with src blocks, and show the #+name, if one is given.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-html-table-wrapped (orig-fn table contents info)
  "Wrap the usual <table> in a <div>"
  :around #'org-html-table
  (if (or (not org-fancy-html-export-mode) (bound-and-true-p org-msg-export-in-progress))
      (funcall orig-fn table contents info)
    (let* ((name (plist-get (cadr table) :name))
           (ref (org-export-get-reference table info)))
      (format "<div id='%s' class='table'>
<div class='gutter'><a href='#%s'>#</a></div>
<div class='tabular'>
              ref ref
              (if name
                  (replace-regexp-in-string (format "<table id=\"%s\"" ref) "<table"
                                            (funcall orig-fn table contents info))
                (funcall orig-fn table contents info)))))) TOC as a collapsable tree

The TOC is much nicer to navigate as a collapsable tree. Unfortunately we cannot achieve this with CSS alone. Thankfully we can avoid JS though, by adapting the TOC generation code to use a label for each item, and a hidden checkbox to keep track of state.

To add this, we need to change one line in org-html–format-toc-headline.

Since we can actually accomplish the desired effect by adding advice around the function, without overriding it — let’s do that to reduce the bug surface of this config a tad.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-html--format-toc-headline-colapseable (orig-fn headline info)
  "Add a label and checkbox to `org-html--format-toc-headline's usual output,
to allow the TOC to be a collapseable tree."
  :around #'org-html--format-toc-headline
  (if (or (not org-fancy-html-export-mode) (bound-and-true-p org-msg-export-in-progress))
      (funcall orig-fn headline info)
    (let ((id (or (org-element-property :CUSTOM_ID headline)
                  (org-export-get-reference headline info))))
      (format "<input type='checkbox' id='toc--%s'/><label for='toc--%s'>%s</label>"
              id id (funcall orig-fn headline info)))))

Now, leaves (headings with no children) shouldn’t have the label item. The obvious way to achieve this is by including some if no children… logic in org-html--format-toc-headline-colapseable. Unfortunately, I can’t my elisp isn’t up to par to extract the number of child headings from the mountain of info that org provides.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-html--toc-text-stripped-leaves (orig-fn toc-entries)
  "Remove label"
  :around #'org-html--toc-text
  (if (or (not org-fancy-html-export-mode) (bound-and-true-p org-msg-export-in-progress))
      (funcall orig-fn toc-entries)
    (replace-regexp-in-string "<input [^>]+><label [^>]+>\\(.+?\\)</label></li>" "\\1</li>"
                              (funcall orig-fn toc-entries)))) Make verbatim different to code

Since we have verbatim and code, let’s make use of the difference.

We can use code exclusively for code snippets and commands like: “calling (message "Hello") in batch-mode Emacs prints to stdout like echo”. Then we can use verbatim for miscellaneous ’other monospace’ like keyboard shortcuts: “either C-c C-c or C-g is likely the most useful keybinding in Emacs”, or file names: “I keep my configuration in ~/.config/doom/”, among other things.

Then, styling these two cases differently can help improve clarity in a document.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-html-text-markup-alist
      '((bold . "<b>%s</b>")
        (code . "<code>%s</code>")
        (italic . "<i>%s</i>")
        (strike-through . "<del>%s</del>")
        (underline . "<span class=\"underline\">%s</span>")
        (verbatim . "<kbd>%s</kbd>"))) Change checkbox type

We also want to use HTML checkboxes, however we want to get a bit fancier than default

Emacs Lisp
(appendq! org-html-checkbox-types
             (on . "<span class='checkbox'></span>")
             (off . "<span class='checkbox'></span>")
             (trans . "<span class='checkbox'></span>"))))
(setq org-html-checkbox-type 'html-span)
  • I’m yet to do this
  • Work in progress
  • This is done Extra special strings

The org-html-special-string-regexps variable defines substitutions for:

  • \-, a shy hyphen
  • ---, an em dash
  • --, an en dash
  • ..., (horizontal) ellipses

However I think it would be nice if there was also a substitution for left/right arrows (-> and <-). This is a defconst, but as you may tell from the amount of advice in this config, I’m not above messing with things I’m not ’supposed’ to.

The only minor complication is that < and > are converted to &lt; and &gt; before this stage of output processing.

Emacs Lisp
(pushnew! org-html-special-string-regexps
          '("-&gt;" . "&#8594;")
          '("&lt;-" . "&#8592;")) Header anchors

I want to add GitHub-style links on hover for headings.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-export-html-headline-anchor (text backend info)
  (when (and (org-export-derived-backend-p backend 'html)
             (not (org-export-derived-backend-p backend 're-reveal))
    (unless (bound-and-true-p org-msg-export-in-progress)
       "<h\\([0-9]\\) id=\"\\([a-z0-9-]+\\)\">\\(.*[^ ]\\)<\\/h[0-9]>" ; this is quite restrictive, but due to `org-reference-contraction' I can do this
       "<h\\1 id=\"\\2\">\\3<a aria-hidden=\"true\" href=\"#\\2\">#</a> </h\\1>"

(add-to-list 'org-export-filter-headline-functions
             'org-export-html-headline-anchor) LaTeX Rendering Pre-rendered

I consider dvisvgm to be a rather compelling option. However this isn’t scaled very well at the moment.

Emacs Lisp
;; (setq-default org-html-with-latex `dvisvgm) MathJax

If MathJax is used, we want to use version 3 instead of the default version 2. Looking at a comparison we seem to find that it is 5 times as fast, uses a single file instead of multiple, but seems to be a bit bigger unfortunately. Thankfully this can be mitigated my adding the ~async attribute to defer loading.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-html-mathjax-options
      '((path "" )
        (scale "1")
        (autonumber "ams")
        (multlinewidth "85%")
        (tagindent ".8em")
        (tagside "right")))

(setq org-html-mathjax-template
MathJax = {
  chtml: {
    scale: %SCALE
  svg: {
    scale: %SCALE,
    fontCache: \"global\"
  tex: {
    tags: \"%AUTONUMBER\",
    multlineWidth: \"%MULTLINEWIDTH\",
    tagSide: \"%TAGSIDE\",
    tagIndent: \"%TAGINDENT\"
<script id=\"MathJax-script\" async

5.3.7. LaTeX Export Compiling

By default Org uses pdflatex × 3 + bibtex. This simply won’t do in our modern world. latexmk + biber (which is used automatically with latexmk) is a simply superior combination.

Emacs Lisp
;; org-latex-compilers = ("pdflatex" "xelatex" "lualatex"), which are the possible values for %latex
(setq org-latex-pdf-process '("LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8 latexmk -f -pdf -%latex -shell-escape -interaction=nonstopmode -output-directory=%o %f"))

While org-latex-pdf-process does support a function, and we could use that instead, this would no longer use the log buffer — it’s a bit blind, you give it the file name and expect it to do its thing.

The default values of org-latex-compilers is given in commented form to see how org-latex-pdf-process works with them.

While the -%latex above is slightly hacky (-pdflatex expects to be given a value) it allows us to leave org-latex-compilers unmodified. This is nice in case I open an org file that uses #+LATEX_COMPILER for example, it should still work. Nicer checkboxes

We’ll assume that thanks to the clever preamble the various custom \checkbox... commands below are defined.

Emacs Lisp
(defun +org-export-latex-fancy-item-checkboxes (text backend info)
  (when (org-export-derived-backend-p backend 'latex)
     (lambda (fullmatch)
       (concat "\\\\item[" (pcase (substring fullmatch 9 -3) ; content of capture group
                             ("square"   "\\\\checkboxUnchecked")
                             ("boxminus" "\\\\checkboxTransitive")
                             ("boxtimes" "\\\\checkboxChecked")
                             (_ (substring fullmatch 9 -3))) "]"))

(add-to-list 'org-export-filter-item-functions
             '+org-export-latex-fancy-item-checkboxes) Class templates

I really like the KOMA bundle. It provides a set of mechanisms to tweak document styling which is both easy to use, and quite comprehensive. For example, I rather like section numbers in the margin, which can be accomplished with


It can also be nice to have big \chapters.

\\RedeclareSectionCommand[afterindent=false, beforeskip=0pt, afterskip=0pt, innerskip=0pt]{chapter}

Now let’s just sprinkle some KOMA all over the Org LaTeX classes.

Emacs Lisp
(after! ox-latex
  (let* ((article-sections '(("\\section{%s}" . "\\section*{%s}")
                             ("\\subsection{%s}" . "\\subsection*{%s}")
                             ("\\subsubsection{%s}" . "\\subsubsection*{%s}")
                             ("\\paragraph{%s}" . "\\paragraph*{%s}")
                             ("\\subparagraph{%s}" . "\\subparagraph*{%s}")))
         (book-sections (append '(("\\chapter{%s}" . "\\chapter*{%s}"))
         (hanging-secnum-preamble "
         (big-chap-preamble "
    (setcdr (assoc "article" org-latex-classes)
            `(,(concat "\\documentclass{scrartcl}" hanging-secnum-preamble)
    (add-to-list 'org-latex-classes
                 `("report" ,(concat "\\documentclass{scrartcl}" hanging-secnum-preamble)
    (add-to-list 'org-latex-classes
                 `("book" ,(concat "\\documentclass[twoside=false]{scrbook}"
                                   big-chap-preamble hanging-secnum-preamble)
    (add-to-list 'org-latex-classes
                 `("blank" "[NO-DEFAULT-PACKAGES]\n[NO-PACKAGES]\n[EXTRA]"
    (add-to-list 'org-latex-classes
                 `("bmc-article" "\\documentclass[article,code,maths]{bmc}\n[NO-DEFAULT-PACKAGES]\n[NO-PACKAGES]\n[EXTRA]"
    (add-to-list 'org-latex-classes
                 `("bmc" "\\documentclass[code,maths]{bmc}\n[NO-DEFAULT-PACKAGES]\n[NO-PACKAGES]\n[EXTRA]"

(setq org-latex-tables-booktabs t
      org-latex-hyperref-template "
      org-latex-reference-command "\\cref{%s}")

The hyperref setup needs to be handled separately however.

%% hide links styles in toc
\\renewcommand{\\tableofcontents}{\\begingroup\\hypersetup{hidelinks}\\oldtoc\\endgroup} A cleverer preamble Use case

We often want particular snippets of LaTeX in our documents preambles. It’s a pain to have to work out / remember them every time. For example, I almost always want to include the snippet below.

\\IfFileExists{./\\}{\\embedfile[desc=The original file]{\\}}{}

We could have every package we could possibly need in every one of org-latex-classes, but that’s horribly inefficient and I don’t want to think about maintaining that.

Instead we can provide some granularity by splitting up the features we want, and then take the experience to a whole new level by implementing a system to automatically detect which features are desired and generating a preamble that provides these features. Conditional Content

Let’s consider content we want in particular situations.

Captions could do with a bit of tweaking such that

  • You can easily have multiple captions
  • Links to figures take you to the top of the figure (not the bottom)
  • Caption labels could do with being emphasised slightly more
  • Multiline captions should run ragged-right, but only when then span more than one line
\\usepackage{capt-of} % required by Org

The default checkboxes look rather ugly, so let’s provide some prettier alternatives.

\\newcommand{\\checkboxTransitive}{\\rlap{\\raisebox{-0.1ex}{\\hspace{0.35ex}\\Large\\textbf -}}$\\square$}
\\newcommand{\\checkboxChecked}{\\rlap{\\raisebox{0.2ex}{\\hspace{0.35ex}\\scriptsize \\ding{52}}}$\\square$}

It’s nice to have “message blocks”, things like info/warning/error/success. A LaTeX macro should make them trivial to create.

\\NewDocumentCommand{\\defsimplebox}{O{\\ding{117}} O{0.36em} m m m}{%
  % #1 ding, #2 ding offset, #3 name, #4 colour, #5 default label
  \\NewDocumentEnvironment{#3}{ O{#5} }
    \\vcoffin_set:Nnw \\Content { \\linewidth }
    \\noindent \\ignorespaces

Lastly, we will pass this content into some global variables we for ease of access.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-latex-embed-files-preamble "
  "Preamble that embeds files within the pdf.")

(defvar org-latex-caption-preamble "
  "Preamble that improves captions.")

(defvar org-latex-checkbox-preamble "
  "Preamble that improves checkboxes.")

(defvar org-latex-box-preamble "
  "Preamble that provides a macro for custom boxes.")

In the “universal preamble”, we already embed the source .org file, but it would be nice to embed all the tangled files. This is fairly easy to accomplish by mapping each tangled file to a form which embeds the file if it exists. Considering we’re going this far, why not add a dedicated #+emded keyword, so we can embed whatever we want.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-latex-embed-extra-files ()
  "Return a string that uses embedfile to embed all tangled files."
   (lambda (file-desc)
     (format "\\IfFileExists{%1$s}{\\embedfile[desc=%2$s]{%1$s}}{}"
             (thread-last (car file-desc)
               (replace-regexp-in-string "\\\\" "\\\\\\\\")
               (replace-regexp-in-string "~" "\\\\string~"))
             (cdr file-desc)))
    (mapcar (lambda (f-block)
              (let ((file-lang (cons (or (car f-block) (caddr (cadr f-block))) (caadr f-block))))
                (cons (car file-lang) (format "Tangled %s file" (cdr file-lang)))))
            (org-babel-tangle-collect-blocks)) ; all files being tangled to
    (let (extra-files)
        (goto-char (point-min))
        (while (re-search-forward "^[ \t]*#\\+embed:" nil t)
          (let* ((file-desc (split-string (org-element-property :value (org-element-at-point)) " :desc\\(?:ription\\)? ")))
            (push (cons (car file-desc) (or (cdr file-desc) "Extra file")) extra-files))))
      (nreverse extra-files)))

Now all tangled files will be embedded, and we can embed arbitrary files like so:

Org mode
#+embed: some-file :description flavour text about the file

This currently won’t complete or anything like that, as we haven’t told Org that it’s a keyword yet. It’s also LaTeX-specific, so maybe it should be changed to #+latex_embed or something like that. Content-feature-preamble association

Initially this idea was implemented with an alist that associated a construct that would search the current Org file for an indication that some feature was needed, with a LaTeX snippet to be inserted in the preamble which would provide that feature. This is all well and good when there is a bijection between detected features and the LaTeX code needed to support those features, but in many cases this relation is not injective.

To better model the reality of the situation, I add an extra layer to this process where each detected feature gives a list of required “feature flags”. Simply be merging the lists of feature flags we no longer have to require injectivity to avoid LaTeX duplication. Then the extra layer forms a bijection between there feature flags and a specification which can be used to implement the feature.

This model also provides a number of nice secondary benefits, such as a simple implementation of feature dependency.

DAG showing how Org features flow through to LaTeX
Figure 2: Association between Org features, feature flags, and LaTeX snippets required.

First we will implement the feature detection component of this model. I’d like this to be able to use as much state information as possible, so the feature tests should be very versatile.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-latex-embed-files t
  "Embed the source .org, .tex, and any tangled files.")
(defvar org-latex-use-microtype t
  "Use the microtype pakage.")
(defvar org-latex-italic-quotes t
  "Make \"quote\" environments italic.")
(defvar org-latex-par-sep t
  "Vertically seperate paragraphs, and remove indentation.")

(defvar org-latex-conditional-features
  '(("\\[\\[\\(?:file\\|https?\\):\\(?:[^]]\\|\\\\\\]\\)+?\\.\\(?:eps\\|pdf\\|png\\|jpeg\\|jpg\\|jbig2\\)\\]\\]\\|\\\\includegraphics[\\[{]" . image)
    ("\\[\\[\\(?:file\\|https?\\):\\(?:[^]]+?\\|\\\\\\]\\)\\.svg\\]\\]\\|\\\\includesvg[\\[{]" . svg)
    ("\\\\(\\|\\\\\\[\\|\\\\begin{\\(?:math\\|displaymath\\|equation\\|align\\|flalign\\|multiline\\|gather\\)[a-z]*\\*?}" . maths)
    ("^[ \t]*|" . table)
    ("cref:\\|\\cref{\\|\\[\\[[^\\]+\n?[^\\]\\]\\]" . cleveref)
    ("[;\\\\]?\\b[A-Z][A-Z]+s?[^A-Za-z]" . acronym)
    ("\\+[^ ].*[^ ]\\+\\|_[^ ].*[^ ]_\\|\\\\uu?line\\|\\\\uwave\\|\\\\sout\\|\\\\xout\\|\\\\dashuline\\|\\dotuline\\|\\markoverwith" . underline)
    (":float wrap" . float-wrap)
    (":float sideways" . rotate)
    ("^[ \t]*#\\+caption:\\|\\\\caption" . caption)
    ("\\[\\[xkcd:" . (image caption))
    (org-latex-use-microtype . microtype)
    ((and org-latex-italic-quotes "^[ \t]*#\\+begin_quote\\|\\\\begin{quote}") . italic-quotes)
    (org-latex-par-sep . par-sep)
    ((org-latex-embed-extra-files) . embed-files)
    ((and org-latex-embed-files "^[ \t]*#\\+begin_src\\|^[ \t]*#\\+BEGIN_SRC") . embed-tangled)
    ("^[ \t]*\\(?:[-+*]\\|[0-9]+[.)]\\|[A-Za-z]+[.)]\\) \\[[ -X]\\]" . checkbox)
    ("^[ \t]*#\\+begin_warning\\|\\\\begin{warning}" . box-warning)
    ("^[ \t]*#\\+begin_info\\|\\\\begin{info}"       . box-info)
    ("^[ \t]*#\\+begin_notes\\|\\\\begin{notes}"     . box-notes)
    ("^[ \t]*#\\+begin_success\\|\\\\begin{success}" . box-success)
    ("^[ \t]*#\\+begin_error\\|\\\\begin{error}"     . box-error))
  "Org feature tests and associated LaTeX feature flags.

Alist where the car is a test for the presense of the feature,
and the cdr is either a single feature symbol or list of feature symbols.

When a string, it is used as a regex search in the buffer.
The feature is registered as present when there is a match.

The car can also be a
- symbol, the value of which is fetched
- function, which is called with info as an argument
- list, which is `eval'uated

If the symbol, function, or list produces a string: that is used as a regex
search in the buffer. Otherwise any non-nil return value will indicate the
existance of the feature.")

Then we provide a way to generate the preamble that provides those features. In addition to the features named in org-latex-conditional-features we’ll also create meta-features, which can be required by other features (with :requires), or be active by default (:eager t). For further control I some features may only be used when certain other features are active (with :when), and masked by other features (with :prevents). I will use the convention of starting meta-features with ., and :eager features with ! to make their nature more readily apparent.

Another consideration in LaTeX is load order, which matters in some cases. Beyond that, it’s nice to have some sort of sensible ordering. For this I’ll introduce an :order keyword. Using this I’ll arrange snippets as follows.

  • -2 Embed files setup
  • -1 Extra file embedding
  • 0 Typography
    • 0 Fonts themselves
    • 0.1 Typographic tweaks (microtype)
    • 0.2 Maths setup
    • 0.3 Maths font
    • 0.4 Extra text shaping (\acr)
    • 0.5-0.9 Miscellaneous text modifications, trying to put shorter snippets first
  • 1 (default)
  • 2 Tables and figures
  • 3 Miscellaneous short content
  • 4 Fancy boxes
Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-latex-feature-implementations
  '((image         :snippet "\\usepackage{graphicx}" :order 2)
    (svg           :snippet "\\usepackage[inkscapelatex=false]{svg}" :order 2)
    (maths         :snippet "\\usepackage[nofont]{bmc-maths}" :order 0.2)
    (table         :snippet "\\usepackage{longtable}\n\\usepackage{booktabs}" :order 2)
    (cleveref      :snippet "\\usepackage[capitalize]{cleveref}" :order 1) ; after bmc-maths
    (underline     :snippet "\\usepackage[normalem]{ulem}" :order 0.5)
    (float-wrap    :snippet "\\usepackage{wrapfig}" :order 2)
    (rotate        :snippet "\\usepackage{rotating}" :order 2)
    (caption       :snippet org-latex-caption-preamble :order 2.1)
    (microtype     :snippet "\\usepackage[activate={true,nocompatibility},final,tracking=true,kerning=true,spacing=true,factor=2000]{microtype}\n" :order 0.1)
    (embed-files   :snippet org-latex-embed-files-preamble :order -2)
    (embed-tangled :requires embed-files :snippet (concat (org-latex-embed-extra-files) "\n") :order -1)
    (acronym       :snippet "\\newcommand{\\acr}[1]{\\protect\\textls*[110]{\\scshape #1}}\n\\newcommand{\\acrs}{\\protect\\scalebox{.91}[.84]{\\hspace{0.15ex}s}}" :order 0.4)
    (italic-quotes :snippet "\\renewcommand{\\quote}{\\list{}{\\rightmargin\\leftmargin}\\item\\relax\\em}\n" :order 0.5)
    (par-sep       :snippet "\\setlength{\\parskip}{\\baselineskip}\n\\setlength{\\parindent}{0pt}\n" :order 0.5)
    (.pifont       :snippet "\\usepackage{pifont}")
    (.xcoffins     :snippet "\\usepackage{xcoffins}")
    (checkbox      :requires .pifont :order 3
                   :snippet (concat (unless (memq 'maths features)
                                      "\\usepackage{amssymb} % provides \\square")
    (.fancy-box    :requires (.pifont .xcoffins) :snippet org-latex-box-preamble :order 3.9)
    (box-warning   :requires .fancy-box :snippet "\\defsimplebox{warning}{e66100}{Warning}" :order 4)
    (box-info      :requires .fancy-box :snippet "\\defsimplebox{info}{3584e4}{Information}" :order 4)
    (box-notes     :requires .fancy-box :snippet "\\defsimplebox{notes}{26a269}{Notes}" :order 4)
    (box-success   :requires .fancy-box :snippet "\\defsimplebox{success}{26a269}{\\vspace{-\\baselineskip}}" :order 4)
    (box-error     :requires .fancy-box :snippet "\\defsimplebox{error}{c01c28}{Important}" :order 4))
  "LaTeX features and details required to implement them.

List where the car is the feature symbol, and the rest forms a plist with the
following keys:
- :snippet, which may be either
  - a string which should be included in the preamble
  - a symbol, the value of which is included in the preamble
  - a function, which is evaluated with the list of feature flags as its
    single argument. The result of which is included in the preamble
  - a list, which is passed to `eval', with a list of feature flags available
    as \"features\"

- :requires, a feature or list of features that must be available
- :when, a feature or list of features that when all available should cause this
    to be automatically enabled.
- :prevents, a feature or list of features that should be masked
- :order, for when ordering is important. Lower values appear first.
    The default is 0.
- :eager, when non-nil the feature will be eagerly loaded, i.e. without being detected.") Feature determination

Now that we have org-latex-conditional-features defined, we need to use it to extract a list of features found in an Org buffer.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-latex-detect-features (&optional buffer info)
  "List features from `org-latex-conditional-features' detected in BUFFER."
  (let ((case-fold-search nil))
    (with-current-buffer (or buffer (current-buffer))
       (mapcan (lambda (construct-feature)
                 (when (let ((out (pcase (car construct-feature)
                                    ((pred stringp) (car construct-feature))
                                    ((pred functionp) (funcall (car construct-feature) info))
                                    ((pred listp) (eval (car construct-feature)))
                                    ((pred symbolp) (symbol-value (car construct-feature)))
                                    (_ (user-error "org-latex-conditional-features key %s unable to be used" (car construct-feature))))))
                         (if (stringp out)
                               (goto-char (point-min))
                               (re-search-forward out nil t))
                   (if (listp (cdr construct-feature)) (cdr construct-feature) (list (cdr construct-feature)))))
               org-latex-conditional-features))))) Preamble generation

Once a list of required features has been determined, we want to use org-latex-feature-implementations to generate the LaTeX which should be inserted into the preamble to provide those features.

First we want to process our fancy keywords in org-latex-feature-implementations to produce an expanded list of features. We’ll do that by performing the following steps.

  • The dependencies for each listed feature are added to feature list (:requires).
  • The :when conditions of each feature, and available features with :eager t, are evaluated, and added/removed accordingly
  • Any features present in a :prevents value are removed
  • The feature list is scrubbed of duplicates
  • The feature list is sorted by :order (ascending)
Emacs Lisp
(defun org-latex-expand-features (features)
  "For each feature in FEATURES process :requires, :when, and :prevents keywords and sort according to :order."
  (dolist (feature features)
    (unless (assoc feature org-latex-feature-implementations)
      (message "Feature %s not provided in org-latex-feature-implementations, ignoring." feature)
      (setq features (remove feature features))))
  (setq current features)
  (while current
    (when-let ((requirements (plist-get (cdr (assq (car current) org-latex-feature-implementations)) :requires)))
      (setcdr current (if (listp requirements)
                          (append requirements (cdr current))
                        (cons requirements (cdr current)))))
    (setq current (cdr current)))
  (dolist (potential-feature
           (append features (delq nil (mapcar (lambda (feat)
                                                (when (plist-get (cdr feat) :eager)
                                                  (car feat)))
    (when-let ((prerequisites (plist-get (cdr (assoc potential-feature org-latex-feature-implementations)) :when)))
      (setf features (if (if (listp prerequisites)
                             (cl-every (lambda (preq) (memq preq features)) prerequisites)
                           (memq prerequisites features))
                         (append (list potential-feature) features)
                       (delq potential-feature features)))))
  (dolist (feature features)
    (when-let ((prevents (plist-get (cdr (assoc feature org-latex-feature-implementations)) :prevents)))
      (setf features (cl-set-difference features (if (listp prevents) prevents (list prevents))))))
  (sort (delete-dups features)
        (lambda (feat1 feat2)
          (if (< (or (plist-get (cdr (assoc feat1 org-latex-feature-implementations)) :order) 1)
                 (or (plist-get (cdr (assoc feat2 org-latex-feature-implementations)) :order) 1))
              t nil))))

Now that we have a nice list of the final features to use, we can just pull out their snippets and join the result together.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-latex-generate-features-preamble (features)
  "Generate the LaTeX preamble content required to provide FEATURES.
This is done according to `org-latex-feature-implementations'"
  (let ((expanded-features (org-latex-expand-features features)))
     (format "\n%% features: %s\n" expanded-features)
     (mapconcat (lambda (feature)
                  (when-let ((snippet (plist-get (cdr (assoc feature org-latex-feature-implementations)) :snippet)))
                     (pcase snippet
                       ((pred stringp) snippet)
                       ((pred functionp) (funcall snippet features))
                       ((pred listp) (eval `(let ((features ',features)) (,@snippet))))
                       ((pred symbolp) (symbol-value snippet))
                       (_ (user-error "org-latex-feature-implementations :snippet value %s unable to be used" snippet)))
     "% end features\n")))

Then Org needs to be advised to actually use this generated preamble content.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar info--tmp nil)

(defadvice! org-latex-save-info (info &optional t_ s_)
  :before #'org-latex-make-preamble
  (setq info--tmp info))

(defadvice! org-splice-latex-header-and-generated-preamble-a (orig-fn tpl def-pkg pkg snippets-p &optional extra)
  "Dynamically insert preamble content based on `org-latex-conditional-preambles'."
  :around #'org-splice-latex-header
  (let ((header (funcall orig-fn tpl def-pkg pkg snippets-p extra)))
    (if snippets-p header
      (concat header
              (org-latex-generate-features-preamble (org-latex-detect-features nil info--tmp))

My use of info--tmp is somewhat hacky. When I try to upstream this, this should become much cleaner as I can pass info through by directly modifying org-latex-make-preamble. Reduce default packages

Thanks to our additions, we can remove a few packages from org-latex-default-packages-alist.

There are also some obsolete entries in the default value, specifically

  • grffile’s capabilities are built into the current version of graphicx
  • textcomp’s functionality has been included in LaTeX’s core for a while now
Emacs Lisp
(setq org-latex-default-packages-alist
      '(("AUTO" "inputenc" t ("pdflatex"))
        ("T1" "fontenc" t ("pdflatex"))
        ("" "xcolor" nil) ; Generally useful
        ("" "hyperref" nil))) Font collections

Using the lovely conditional preamble, I’ll define a number of font collections that can be used for LaTeX exports. Who knows, maybe I’ll use it with other export formats too at some point.

To start with I’ll create a default state variable and register fontset as part of #+options.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-latex-default-fontset 'alegreya
  "Fontset from `org-latex-fontsets' to use by default.
As cm (computer modern) is TeX's default, that causes nothing
to be added to the document.

If \"nil\" no custom fonts will ever be used.")

(eval '(cl-pushnew '(:latex-font-set nil "fontset" org-latex-default-fontset)
                   (org-export-backend-options (org-export-get-backend 'latex))))

Then a function is needed to generate a LaTeX snippet which applies the fontset. It would be nice if this could be done for individual styles and use different styles as the main document font. If the individual typefaces for a fontset are defined individually as :serif, :sans, :mono, and :maths. I can use those to generate LaTeX for subsets of the full fontset. Then, if I don’t let any fontset names have - in them, I can use -sans and -mono as suffixes that specify the document font to use.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-latex-fontset-entry ()
  "Get the fontset spec of the current file.
Has format \"name\" or \"name-style\" where 'name' is one of
the cars in `org-latex-fontsets'."
  (let ((fontset-spec
          (or (car (delq nil
                          (lambda (opt-line)
                            (plist-get (org-export--parse-option-keyword opt-line 'latex)
                          (cdar (org-collect-keywords '("OPTIONS"))))))
    (cons (intern (car (split-string fontset-spec "-")))
          (when (cadr (split-string fontset-spec "-"))
            (intern (concat ":" (cadr (split-string fontset-spec "-"))))))))

(defun org-latex-fontset (&rest desired-styles)
  "Generate a LaTeX preamble snippet which applies the current fontset for DESIRED-STYLES."
  (let* ((fontset-spec (org-latex-fontset-entry))
         (fontset (alist-get (car fontset-spec) org-latex-fontsets)))
    (if fontset
          (lambda (style)
            (when (plist-get fontset style)
              (concat (plist-get fontset style) "\n")))
         (when (memq (cdr fontset-spec) desired-styles)
           (pcase (cdr fontset-spec)
             (:serif "\\renewcommand{\\familydefault}{\\rmdefault}\n")
             (:sans "\\renewcommand{\\familydefault}{\\sfdefault}\n")
             (:mono "\\renewcommand{\\familydefault}{\\ttdefault}\n"))))
      (error "Font-set %s is not provided in org-latex-fontsets" (car fontset-spec)))))

Now that all the functionality has been implemented, we should hook it into our preamble generation.

Emacs Lisp
(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '(org-latex-default-fontset . custom-font) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(custom-font :snippet (org-latex-fontset :serif :sans :mono) :order 0) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(.custom-maths-font :eager t :when (custom-font maths) :snippet (org-latex-fontset :maths) :order 0.3) t)

Finally, we just need to add some fonts.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-latex-fontsets
  '((cm nil) ; computer modern
    (## nil) ; no font set
     :serif "\\usepackage[osf]{Alegreya}"
     :sans "\\usepackage{AlegreyaSans}"
     :mono "\\usepackage[scale=0.88]{sourcecodepro}"
     :maths "\\usepackage[varbb]{newpxmath}")
     :serif "\\usepackage[osf]{libertineRoman}"
     :sans "\\usepackage[sfdefault,osf]{biolinum}"
     :mono "\\usepackage[scale=0.88]{sourcecodepro}"
     :maths "\\usepackage[libertine,varvw]{newtxmath}")
     :sans "\\usepackage[sfdefault,scale=0.85]{FiraSans}"
     :mono "\\usepackage[scale=0.80]{FiraMono}"
     :maths "\\usepackage{newtxsf} % change to firamath in future?")
     :serif "\\usepackage{kpfonts}")
     :serif "\\usepackage{newpxtext}"
     :sans "\\usepackage{gillius}"
     :mono "\\usepackage[scale=0.9]{sourcecodepro}"
     :maths "\\usepackage[varbb]{newpxmath}")
     :serif "\\usepackage[osf]{noto-serif}"
     :sans "\\usepackage[osf]{noto-sans}"
     :mono "\\usepackage[scale=0.96]{noto-mono}"
     :maths "\\usepackage{notomath}")
     :serif "\\usepackage{plex-serif}"
     :sans "\\usepackage{plex-sans}"
     :mono "\\usepackage[scale=0.95]{plex-mono}"
     :maths "\\usepackage{newtxmath}") ; may be plex-based in future
     :serif "\\usepackage[osf,semibold]{sourceserifpro}"
     :sans "\\usepackage[osf,semibold]{sourcesanspro}"
     :mono "\\usepackage[scale=0.92]{sourcecodepro}"
     :maths "\\usepackage{newtxmath}") ; may be sourceserifpro-based in future
     :serif "\\usepackage{newtxtext}"
     :maths "\\usepackage{newtxmath}"))
  "Alist of fontset specifications.
Each car is the name of the fontset (which cannot include \"-\").

Each cdr is a plist with (optional) keys :serif, :sans, :mono, and :maths.
A key's value is a LaTeX snippet which loads such a font.")

When we’re using Alegreya we can apply a lovely little tweak to tabular which (locally) changes the figures used to lining fixed-width.

Emacs Lisp
(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '((string= (car (org-latex-fontset-entry)) "alegreya") . alegreya-typeface))
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(alegreya-typeface) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations'(.alegreya-tabular-figures :eager t :when (alegreya-typeface table) :order 0.5 :snippet "
% tabular lining figures in tables
\\makeatother\n") t)

Due to the Alegreya’s metrics, the \LaTeX symbol doesn’t quite look right. We can correct for this by redefining it with subtlety shifted kerning.

Emacs Lisp
(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '("LaTeX" . latex-symbol))
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(latex-symbol :when alegreya-typeface :order 0.5 :snippet "
% Kerning around the A needs adjusting
        {\\sbox\\z@ T%
         \\vbox to\\ht\\z@{\\hbox{\\check@mathfonts
\\makeatother\n") t) Cover page

To make a nice cover page, a simple method that comes to mind is just redefining \maketitle. To get precise control over the positioning we’ll use the tikz package, and then add in the Tikz libraries calc and shapes.geometric to make some nice decorations for the background.

I’ll start off by setting up the required additions to the preamble. This will accomplish the following:

  • Load the required packages
  • Redefine \maketitle
  • Draw an Org icon with Tikz to use in the cover page (it’s a little easter egg)
  • Start a new page after the table of contents by redefining \tableofcontents

  \\begin{tikzpicture}[y=0.80pt, x=0.80pt, inner sep=0pt, outer sep=0pt]
    \\path[fill=black!6] (16.15,24.00) .. controls (15.58,24.00) and (13.99,20.69) .. (12.77,18.06)arc(215.55:180.20:2.19) .. controls (12.33,19.91) and (11.27,19.09) .. (11.43,18.05) .. controls (11.36,18.09) and (10.17,17.83) .. (10.17,17.82) .. controls (9.94,18.75) and (9.37,19.44) .. (9.02,18.39) .. controls (8.32,16.72) and (8.14,15.40) .. (9.13,13.80) .. controls (8.22,9.74) and (2.18,7.75) .. (2.81,4.47) .. controls (2.99,4.47) and (4.45,0.99) .. (9.15,2.41) .. controls (14.71,3.99) and (17.77,0.30) .. (18.13,0.04) .. controls (18.65,-0.49) and (16.78,4.61) .. (12.83,6.90) .. controls (10.49,8.18) and (11.96,10.38) .. (12.12,11.15) .. controls (12.12,11.15) and (14.00,9.84) .. (15.36,11.85) .. controls (16.58,11.53) and (17.40,12.07) .. (18.46,11.69) .. controls (19.10,11.41) and (21.79,11.58) .. (20.79,13.08) .. controls (20.79,13.08) and (21.71,13.90) .. (21.80,13.99) .. controls (21.97,14.75) and (21.59,14.91) .. (21.47,15.12) .. controls (21.44,15.60) and (21.04,15.79) .. (20.55,15.44) .. controls (19.45,15.64) and (18.36,15.55) .. (17.83,15.59) .. controls (16.65,15.76) and (15.67,16.38) .. (15.67,16.38) .. controls (15.40,17.19) and (14.82,17.01) .. (14.09,17.32) .. controls (14.70,18.69) and (14.76,19.32) .. (15.50,21.32) .. controls (15.76,22.37) and (16.54,24.00) .. (16.15,24.00) -- cycle(7.83,16.74) .. controls (6.83,15.71) and (5.72,15.70) .. (4.05,15.42) .. controls (2.75,15.19) and (0.39,12.97) .. (0.02,10.68) .. controls (-0.02,10.07) and (-0.06,8.50) .. (0.45,7.18) .. controls (0.94,6.05) and (1.27,5.45) .. (2.29,4.85) .. controls (1.41,8.02) and (7.59,10.18) .. (8.55,13.80) -- (8.55,13.80) .. controls (7.73,15.00) and (7.80,15.64) .. (7.83,16.74) -- cycle;

  \\hyphenpenalty=10000 % hyphens look bad in titles
    \\ifcase \\month \\or Jan\\or Feb\\or Mar\\or Apr\\or May \\or Jun\\or Jul\\or Aug\\or Sep\\or Oct\\or Nov\\or Dec\\fi
  \\begin{tikzpicture}[remember picture,overlay]
    %% Background Polygons %%
    \\foreach \\i in {2.5,...,22} % bottom left
    {\\node[rounded corners,black!3.5,draw,regular polygon,regular polygon sides=6, minimum size=\\i cm,ultra thick] at ($(current page.west)+(2.5,-4.2)$) {} ;}
    \\foreach \\i in {0.5,...,22} % top left
    {\\node[rounded corners,black!5,draw,regular polygon,regular polygon sides=6, minimum size=\\i cm,ultra thick] at ($(current page.north west)+(2.5,2)$) {} ;}
    \\node[rounded corners,fill=black!4,regular polygon,regular polygon sides=6, minimum size=5.5 cm,ultra thick] at ($(current page.north west)+(2.5,2)$) {};
    \\foreach \\i in {0.5,...,24} % top right
    {\\node[rounded corners,black!2,draw,regular polygon,regular polygon sides=6, minimum size=\\i cm,ultra thick] at ($(current page.north east)+(0,-8.5)$) {} ;}
    \\node[fill=black!3,rounded corners,regular polygon,regular polygon sides=6, minimum size=2.5 cm,ultra thick] at ($(current page.north east)+(0,-8.5)$) {};
    \\foreach \\i in {21,...,3} % bottom right
    {\\node[black!3,rounded corners,draw,regular polygon,regular polygon sides=6, minimum size=\\i cm,ultra thick] at ($(current page.south east)+(-1.5,0.75)$) {} ;}
    \\node[fill=black!3,rounded corners,regular polygon,regular polygon sides=6, minimum size=2 cm,ultra thick] at ($(current page.south east)+(-1.5,0.75)$) {};
    \\node[align=center, scale=1.4] at ($(current page.south east)+(-1.5,0.75)$) {\\usebox\\orgicon};
    %% Text %%
    \\node[left, align=right, black, text width=0.8\\paperwidth, minimum height=3cm, rounded corners,font=\\Huge\\bfseries] at ($(current page.north east)+(-2,-8.5)$)
    \\node[left, align=right, black, text width=0.8\\paperwidth, minimum height=2cm, rounded corners, font=\\Large] at ($(current page.north east)+(-2,-11.8)$)
    {\\scshape \\@author};
    \\node[align=center,rounded corners,fill=black!3,text=black,regular polygon,regular polygon sides=6, minimum size=2.5 cm,inner sep=0, font=\\Large\\bfseries ] at ($(current page.west)+(2.5,-4.2)$)

Now we’ve got a nice cover page to work with, we just need to use it every now and then. Adding this to #+options feels most appropriate. Let’s have the coverpage option accept auto as a value and then decide whether or not a cover page should be used based on the word count — I’ll have this be the global default. Then we just want to insert a LaTeX snippet tweak the subtitle format to use the cover page.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-latex-cover-page 'auto
  "When t, use a cover page by default.
When auto, use a cover page when the document's wordcount exceeds

Set with #+option: coverpage:{yes,auto,no} in org buffers.")
(defvar org-latex-cover-page-wordcount-threshold 5000
  "Document word count at which a cover page will be used automatically.
This condition is applied when cover page option is set to auto.")
(defvar org-latex-subtitle-coverpage-format "\\\\\\bigskip\n\\LARGE\\mdseries\\itshape\\color{black!80} %s\\par"
  "Variant of `org-latex-subtitle-format' to use with the cover page.")
(defvar org-latex-cover-page-maketitle "
  "LaTeX snippet for the preamble that sets \\maketitle to produce a cover page.")

(eval '(cl-pushnew '(:latex-cover-page nil "coverpage" org-latex-cover-page)
                   (org-export-backend-options (org-export-get-backend 'latex))))

(defun org-latex-cover-page-p ()
  "Whether a cover page should be used when exporting this Org file."
  (pcase (or (car
              (delq nil
                     (lambda (opt-line)
                       (plist-get (org-export--parse-option-keyword opt-line 'latex) :latex-cover-page))
                     (cdar (org-collect-keywords '("OPTIONS"))))))
    ((or 't 'yes) t)
    ('auto (when (> (count-words (point-min) (point-max)) org-latex-cover-page-wordcount-threshold) t))
    (_ nil)))

(defadvice! org-latex-set-coverpage-subtitle-format-a (contents info)
  "Set the subtitle format when a cover page is being used."
  :before #'org-latex-template
  (when (org-latex-cover-page-p)
    (setf info (plist-put info :latex-subtitle-format org-latex-subtitle-coverpage-format))))

(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(cover-page :snippet org-latex-cover-page-maketitle :order 9) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '((org-latex-cover-page-p) . cover-page) t) Condensed lists

LaTeX is generally pretty good by default, but it’s really generous with how much space it puts between list items by default. I’m generally not a fan.

Thankfully this is easy to correct with a small snippet:


Then we can just hook this in with our clever preamble.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar org-latex-condense-lists t
  "Reduce the space between list items.")
(defvar org-latex-condensed-lists "

(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '((and org-latex-condense-lists "^[ \t]*[-+]\\|^[ \t]*[1Aa][.)] ") . condensed-lists) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(condensed-lists :snippet org-latex-condensed-lists :order 0.7) t) Pretty code blocks

We could just use minted for syntax highlighting — however, we can do better! The engrave-faces package lets us use Emacs’ font-lock for syntax highlighting, exporting that as LaTeX commands.

Emacs Lisp
(package! engrave-faces :recipe (:local-repo "lisp/engrave-faces"))
Emacs Lisp
(use-package! engrave-faces-latex
  :after ox-latex)

We’ll modify the way listings are generated to make using this as easy as:

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-latex-listings 'engraved) ; NOTE non-standard value

Thanks to org-latex-conditional-features and some copy-paste with the minted entry in org-latex-scr-block we can easily add this as a recognised org-latex-listings value.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-latex-src-block-engraved (orig-fn src-block contents info)
  "Like `org-latex-src-block', but supporting an engraved backend"
  :around #'org-latex-src-block
  (if (eq 'engraved (plist-get info :latex-listings))
      (org-latex-scr-block--engraved src-block contents info)
    (funcall orig-fn src-block contents info)))

(defadvice! org-latex-inline-src-block-engraved (orig-fn inline-src-block contents info)
  "Like `org-latex-inline-src-block', but supporting an engraved backend"
  :around #'org-latex-inline-src-block
  (if (eq 'engraved (plist-get info :latex-listings))
      (org-latex-inline-scr-block--engraved inline-src-block contents info)
    (funcall orig-fn src-block contents info)))

(defvar-local org-export-has-code-p nil)

(defadvice! org-export-expect-no-code (&rest _)
  :before #'org-export-as
  (setq org-export-has-code-p nil))

(defadvice! org-export-register-code (&rest _)
  :after #'org-latex-src-block-engraved
  :after #'org-latex-inline-src-block-engraved
  (setq org-export-has-code-p t))

(setq org-latex-engraved-code-preamble "

(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '((and org-export-has-code-p "^[ \t]*#\\+begin_src\\|^[ \t]*#\\+BEGIN_SRC\\|src_[A-Za-z]") . engraved-code) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '("^[ \t]*#\\+begin_example\\|^[ \t]*#\\+BEGIN_EXAMPLE" . engraved-code-setup) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(engraved-code :requires engraved-code-setup :snippet (engrave-faces-latex-gen-preamble) :order 99) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(engraved-code-setup :snippet org-latex-engraved-code-preamble :order 98) t)

(defun org-latex-scr-block--engraved (src-block contents info)
  (let* ((lang (org-element-property :language src-block))
         (attributes (org-export-read-attribute :attr_latex src-block))
         (float (plist-get attributes :float))
         (num-start (org-export-get-loc src-block info))
         (retain-labels (org-element-property :retain-labels src-block))
         (caption (org-element-property :caption src-block))
         (caption-above-p (org-latex--caption-above-p src-block info))
         (caption-str (org-latex--caption/label-string src-block info))
         (placement (or (org-unbracket-string "[" "]" (plist-get attributes :placement))
                        (plist-get info :latex-default-figure-position)))
           ((string= "multicolumn" float)
            (format "\\begin{listing*}[%s]\n%s%%s\n%s\\end{listing*}"
                    (if caption-above-p caption-str "")
                    (if caption-above-p "" caption-str)))
            (format "\\begin{listing}[%s]\n%s%%s\n%s\\end{listing}"
                    (if caption-above-p caption-str "")
                    (if caption-above-p "" caption-str)))
           ((string= "t" float)
            (concat (format "\\begin{listing}[%s]\n"
           (t "%s")))
         (options (plist-get info :latex-minted-options))
             (let* ((code-info (org-export-unravel-code src-block))
                     (apply 'max
                            (mapcar 'length
                                    (org-split-string (car code-info)
                (car code-info)
                (lambda (loc _num ref)
                   (when ref
                     ;; Ensure references are flushed to the right,
                     ;; separated with 6 spaces from the widest line
                     ;; of code.
                     (concat (make-string (+ (- max-width (length loc)) 6)
                             (format "(%s)" ref)))))
                nil (and retain-labels (cdr code-info)))))
            (funcall (org-src-get-lang-mode lang))
          (with-current-buffer content-buffer
           ;; Options.
             (if (or (not num-start) (assoc "linenos" options))
                  ("firstnumber" ,(number-to-string (1+ num-start))))
            (let ((local-options (plist-get attributes :options)))
              (and local-options (concat "," local-options))))
    (kill-buffer content-buffer)
    ;; Return value.
    (format float-env body)))

(defun org-latex-inline-scr-block--engraved (inline-src-block _contents info)
  (let ((options (org-latex--make-option-string
                  (plist-get info :latex-minted-options)))
        code-buffer code)
    (setq code-buffer
            (insert (org-element-property :value inline-src-block))
            (funcall (org-src-get-lang-mode
                      (org-element-property :language inline-src-block)))
    (setq code (with-current-buffer code-buffer
    (kill-buffer code-buffer)
    (format "\\Verb%s{%s}"
            (if (string= options "") ""
              (format "[%s]" options))

Whenever this is used, in order for it to actually work (and look a little better) we add bit to the preamble:



% TODO have code boxes keep line vertical alignment
{colback=codebackground, colframe=codeborder,
  {boxsep=2pt, arc=2.5pt, outer arc=2.5pt,
    boxrule=0.5pt, left=2pt}%
  {boxsep=2.5pt, arc=0pt, outer arc=0pt,
    boxrule=0pt, leftrule=1.5pt, left=0.5pt},
  right=2pt, top=1pt, bottom=0.5pt,

One little annoyance with this is the interaction between microtype and Verbatim environments. Protrusion is not desirable here. Thankfully, we can patch the Verbatim environment to turn off protrusion locally.

Emacs Lisp
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations
             '(.no-protrusion-in-code :snippet "\\let\\oldcode\\Code\\renewcommand{\\Code}{\\microtypesetup{protrusion=false}\\oldcode}"
                                      :when (microtype engraved-code-setup)
                                      :eager t
                                      :order 98.5) t)

At some point it would be nice to make the box colours easily customisable. At the moment it’s fairly easy to change the syntax highlighting colours with (setq engrave-faces-preset-styles (engrave-faces-generate-preset)), but perhaps a toggle which specifies whether to use the default values, the current theme, or any named theme could be a good idea. It should also possible to set the box background dynamically to match. The named theme could work by looking for a style definition with a certain name in a cache dir, and then switching to that theme and producing (and saving) the style definition if it doesn’t exist.

Now let’s have the example block be styled similarly.

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-latex-example-block-engraved (orig-fn example-block contents info)
  "Like `org-latex-example-block', but supporting an engraved backend"
  :around #'org-latex-example-block
  (let ((output-block (funcall orig-fn example-block contents info)))
    (if (eq 'engraved (plist-get info :latex-listings))
        (format "\\begin{Code}[alt]\n%s\n\\end{Code}" output-block)

In addition to the vastly superior visual output, this should also be much faster to compile for code-heavy documents (like this config).

Performing a little benchmark with this document, I find that this is indeed the case.

LaTeX syntax highlighting backend Compile time Overhead Overhead ratio
verbatim 12 s 0 0.0
lstlistings 15 s 3 s 0.2
Engrave 34 s 22 s 1.8
Pygments (Minted) 184 s 172 s 14.3

Treating the verbatim (no syntax highlighting) result as a baseline; this rudimentary test suggest that engrave-faces is around eight times faster than pygments, and takes three times as long as no syntax highlighting (verbatim). Julia code blocks

Julia code has fantastic support for unicode! The downside is that pdflatex is still a pain to use with unicode symbols. The solution — lualatex. Now we just need to make it automatic

Emacs Lisp
(defadvice! org-latex-pick-compiler (_contents info)
  :before #'org-latex-template
  (when (and org-export-has-code-p (memq 'julia-code (org-latex-detect-features)))
    (setf info (plist-put
                (if (member #'+org-latex-replace-non-ascii-chars (plist-get info :filter-final-output))
                    (plist-put info :filter-final-output
                               (delq #'+org-latex-replace-non-ascii-chars (plist-get info :filter-final-output)))
                :latex-compiler "lualatex"))))

Then a font with unicode support must be used. JuliaMono is the obvious choice, and we can use it with the fontspec package. In future it may be nice to set this just as a fallback font (when it isn’t a pain to do so).

\\newfontfamily\\JuliaMono{JuliaMono-Regular.ttf}[Path=/usr/share/fonts/truetype/, Extension=.ttf]
\\setmonofont{JuliaMonoRegular}[Contextuals=Alternate, Scale=MatchLowercase]

Now all that remains is to hook this into the preamble generation.

Emacs Lisp
(setq org-latex-julia-mono-fontspec "

(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(julia-code :snippet org-latex-julia-mono-fontspec :order 0) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '((and org-export-has-code-p "^[ \t]*#\\+begin_src julia\\|^[ \t]*#\\+BEGIN_SRC julia\\|src_julia") . julia-code) t)

(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(.microtype-lualatex :eager t :when (microtype julia-code) :prevents microtype :order 0.1 :snippet "\\usepackage[activate={true,nocompatibility},final,tracking=true,factor=2000]{microtype}\n"))
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(.custom-font-no-mono :eager t :prevents custom-font :order 0 :snippet (org-latex-fontset :serif :sans)) t) Emojis

It would be nice to actually include emojis where used. Thanks to emojify, we have a folder of emoji images just sitting and waiting to be used ๐Ÿ™‚.

First up, we want to detect when emojis are actually present. We can try checking the unicode ranges with a collection of [?-?] regex groups, but Emojis are actually spread around a fair bit and so this isn’t very straightforward. Instead I can iterate thorough non-ASCII characters and check if any have the text property emojified.

Emacs Lisp
(defun emojify-emoji-in-buffer-p ()
  "Determine if any emojis are present in the current buffer, using `emojify-mode'."
  (unless emojify-mode
    (emojify-mode 1)
    (emojify-display-emojis-in-region (point-min) (point-max)))
  (let (emoji-found end)
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (not (or emoji-found end))
        (if-let ((pos (re-search-forward "[^[:ascii:]]" nil t)))
            (when (get-text-property (1- pos) 'emojified)
              (setq emoji-found t))
          (setq end t))))

Once we know that there are emojis present we can add a bit of preamble to the buffer to make insertion easier.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-latex-emoji-setup ()
  (format "\\newcommand\\emoji[1]{\\raisebox{-0.3ex}{\\includegraphics[height=1.8ex]{%s/#1}}}" (emojify-image-dir)))

(add-to-list 'org-latex-conditional-features '((emojify-emoji-in-buffer-p) . emoji) t)
(add-to-list 'org-latex-feature-implementations '(emoji :requires image :snippet (org-latex-emoji-setup) :order 3 ))

Once again making use of emojify, we can generate LaTeX commands for our emojis fairly easily.

Emacs Lisp
(defun emojify-latexify-emoji-in-buffer ()
  (unless emojify-mode
    (emojify-mode 1)
    (emojify-display-emojis-in-region (point-min) (point-max)))
  (let (end)
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while (not end)
        (if-let ((pos (re-search-forward "[^[:ascii:]]\\{1,2\\}" nil t)))
            (when-let ((char (get-text-property (1- pos) 'emojify-text))
                       (emoji (emojify-get-emoji char)))
              (replace-match (format "\\\\emoji{%s}" (file-name-sans-extension (ht-get emoji "image")))))
          (setq end t))))))

Now we just need to hook this handy function into Org’s export. We can’t use standard string-replacement as we rely on the buffer modifications enacted by (emojify-mode).

As I have not yet implemented a nice way of sharing feature detection information outside of (org-latex-generate-features-preamble), we’ll use the same check before attempting to LaTeXify emojis and hope that nothing strange happens.

Emacs Lisp
(defun +org-latex-convert-emojis (text backend _info)
  (when (org-export-derived-backend-p backend 'latex)
      (insert text)
      (when (emojify-emoji-in-buffer-p)

(add-to-list 'org-export-filter-final-output-functions #'+org-latex-convert-emojis)

This works fairly nicely, there’s just one little QOL upgrade that we can perform. emojify downloads the 72x72 versions of Twemoji, however SVG versions are also produced. We could use inkscape to convert those to PDFs, which would likely be best for including.

First, it’s worth checking whether .pdf graphics files will be prioritised over .png files. If so, that would be ideal as no extra effort is required past fetching and converting the files.

Shell Script
texdef -t pdflatex -p graphicx Gin@extensions

Fantastic! We can see that .pdf actually comes first in the priority list. So now we just need to fetch and convert those SVGs — ideally with a handy command to do so for us.

Emacs Lisp
(defun org-latex-emoji-install-vector-graphics ()
  "Dowload, convert, and install vector emojis for use with LaTeX."
  (let ((dir (org-latex-emoji-install-vector-graphics--download)))
    (org-latex-emoji-install-vector-graphics--convert dir)
    (org-latex-emoji-install-vector-graphics--install dir))
  (message "Vector emojis installed."))

(defun org-latex-emoji-install-vector-graphics--download ()
  (message "Locating latest emojis...")
  (let* ((twemoji-url (substring (shell-command-to-string "echo \"$(curl -sL | grep '.zip\"' | cut -d '\"' -f 2)\"") 0 -1))
         (twemoji-version (replace-regexp-in-string "^.*tags/v\\(.*\\)\\.zip" "\\1" twemoji-url))
         (twemoji-dest-folder (make-temp-file "twemoji-" t)))
    (message "Downloading Twemoji v%s" twemoji-version)
    (let ((default-directory twemoji-dest-folder))
      (call-process "curl" nil nil nil "-L" twemoji-url "--output" "")
      (message "Unzipping")
      (call-process "unzip" nil nil nil "")
      (concat twemoji-dest-folder "/twemoji-" twemoji-version "/assets/svg"))))

(defun org-latex-emoji-install-vector-graphics--convert (dir)
  (let ((default-directory dir))
    (if (executable-find "cairosvg") ; cairo's PDFs are ~10% smaller
        (let* ((images (directory-files dir nil ".*.svg"))
               (num-images (length images))
               (index 0)
               (max-threads (1- (string-to-number (shell-command-to-string "nproc"))))
               (threads 0))
          (while (< index num-images)
            (setf threads (1+ threads))
            (message "Converting emoji %d/%d (%s)" (1+ index) num-images (nth index images))
            (make-process :name "cairosvg"
                          :command (list "cairosvg" (nth index images) "-o" (concat (file-name-sans-extension (nth index images)) ".pdf"))
                          :sentinel (lambda (proc msg)
                                      (when (memq (process-status proc) '(exit signal))
                                        (setf threads (1- threads)))))
            (setq index (1+ index))
            (while (> threads max-threads)
              (sleep-for 0.01)))
          (while (> threads 0)
            (sleep-for 0.01))
          (message "Finished conversion!")))
    (shell-command "inkscape --batch-process --export-type='pdf' *.svg")))

(defun org-latex-emoji-install-vector-graphics--install (dir)
  (message "Installing vector emojis into emoji directory")
  (let ((images (directory-files dir t ".*.pdf"))
        (emoji-dir (concat (emojify-image-dir) "/")))
     (lambda (image)
       (rename-file image emoji-dir t))
     images))) Remove non-ascii chars

When using pdflatex, almost non-ascii characters are generally problematic, and don’t appear in the pdf. It’s preferable to see that there was some character which wasn’t displayed as opposed to nothing.

We check every non-ascii character to make sure it’s not a character encoded by the inputenc packages when loaded with the utf8 option. Finally, we see if we have our own LaTeX conversion we can apply and if there is none we replace the non-ascii char with ยฟ.

No to make sure we only remove characters that can’t be displayed, we check /usr/share/texmf/tex/latex/base/utf8enc.dfu.

We just need to make sure this is appended to the list of filter functions, since we want to let emoji processing occur first.

Emacs Lisp
(defvar +org-pdflatex-inputenc-encoded-chars

(defun +org-latex-replace-non-ascii-chars (text backend info)
  "Replace non-ascii chars with \\char\"XYZ forms."
  (when (and (org-export-derived-backend-p backend 'latex)
             (string= (plist-get info :latex-compiler) "pdflatex"))
    (let (case-replace)
      (replace-regexp-in-string "[^[:ascii:]]"
                                (lambda (nonascii)
                                  (if (string-match-p +org-pdflatex-inputenc-encoded-chars nonascii) nonascii
                                    (or (cdr (assoc nonascii +org-latex-non-ascii-char-substitutions)) "¿")))

(add-to-list 'org-export-filter-final-output-functions #'+org-latex-replace-non-ascii-chars t)

Now, there are some symbols that aren’t included in inputenc, but we should be able to handle anyway. For them we define a table of LaTeX translations

Character LaTeX
ษ‘ \(\alpha\)
ฮฒ \(\beta\)
ฮณ \(\gamma\)
ฮด \(\delta\)
ฮต \(\epsilon\)
ฯต \(\varepsilon\)
ฮถ \(\zeta\)
ฮท \(\eta\)
ฮธ \(\theta\)
ฯ‘ \(\vartheta\)
ฮน \(\iota\)
ฮบ \(\kappa\)
ฮป \(\lambda\)
ฮผ \(\mu\)
ฮฝ \(\nu\)
ฮพ \(\xi\)
ฯ€ \(\pi\)
ฯ– \(\varpi\)
ฯ \(\rho\)
ฯฑ \(\varrho\)
ฯƒ \(\sigma\)
ฯ‚ \(\varsigma\)
ฯ„ \(\tau\)
ฯ… \(\upsilon\)
ฯ• \(\phi\)
ฯ† \(\varphi\)
ฯˆ \(\psi\)
ฯ‰ \(\omega\)
ฮ“ \(\Gamma\)
ฮ” \(\Delta\)
ฮ˜ \(\Theta\)
ฮ› \(\Lambda\)
ฮž \(\Xi\)
ฮ  \(\Pi\)
ฮฃ \(\Sigma\)
ฮฅ \(\Upsilon\)
ฮฆ \(\Phi\)
ฮจ \(\Psi\)
ฮฉ \(\Omega\)
ื \(\aleph\)
ื‘ \(\beth\)
ื“ \(\daleth\)
ื’ \(\gimel\)
gen-latex-non-ascii-char-substitutionsEmacs Lisp
 " '((" "\n   '(("
  ") (" ")\n     ("
   `(defvar +org-latex-non-ascii-char-substitutions
         (lambda (entry)
           (cons (car entry) (replace-regexp-in-string "\\\\" "\\\\\\\\" (cadr entry))))
Emacs Lisp
<<gen-latex-non-ascii-char-substitutions()>> Normal spaces after abbreviations

In LaTeX inter-word and sentence spaces are typically of different widths. This can be an issue when using abbreviations i.e. e.g. etc. et al.. This can be corrected by forcing a normal space with . When exporting Org documents, we can add a filter to check for common abbreviations and make the space normal.

Emacs Lisp